Transsexual granted right to change name to Immanuel
Published: 09 Apr 2009 15:21 GMT+02:00
Updated: 09 Apr 2009 15:21 GMT+02:00
The Swedish administrative court of appeals has granted a 28-year-old Sandviken transsexual the right to be called Immanuel.
Both the Swedish Tax Agency (Skatteverket) and the county administrative court have previously denied the request for a name change on the basis that Immanuel was an unsuitable name for a woman.
This is not the first such case to come before the Swedish courts. In November, Jan-Olov Ågren, a male cross-dresser from Norrbotten in northern Sweden, was handed a similar victory in his bid to go by the name Madeleine.
But the Swedish Tax Agency (Skatteverket) had previously rejected Ågren’s application to have his name changed to Jan-Olov Madeleine Ågren on the grounds that it is not appropriate for a man to have a woman’s name.
Both Immanuel Brändemo and Ågren had their cases heard in Sundsvall.
“This is the first time that the administrative court of appeals has ruled that gender shouldn't play any role in an adult's choice of name. You can be called Madeleine even if (your birth certificate) says 'man', and you can be called Immanuel even if it says 'woman' - at least until the Supreme Administrative Court has its say,” Brändemo writes in his blog.
Brändemo and Ågren have anxiously waited to see if the Tax Authority will appeal the decisions. After the ruling in his favour, Ågren said he was holding off changing the name on his official documents, lest his new name be taken away.
“What’s important is the general feeling of having the right to a name which I’ve always considered my own,” he told Norrbottens-Kuriren newspaper.
Brändemo also welcomed the positive ruling, even it the final outcome is still uncertain.
“Together we (Jan-Olov Madeleine and I) have, if only temporarily, changed the prevailing legal norms. In other cases, people have referred to the fact that gender SHOULD matter, and when people's names have been approved it's been due to personal reasons, for instance a medical confirmation of transsexualism,” he writes.
Brändemo continued that he might have been able to get medical documentation to support his case, but he opted not to:
“It's not about me; the question is not whether I am transsexual enough to pass the 'test', but if gender really should matter. Sex does matter sometimes, but sometimes justice is temporarily gender blind. It requires legislative action to change legal precedents, and for me personally, it has taken more than two years before I received a single affirmative ruling.”
Lars Tegenfeldt of the Tax Agency recently confirmed that Skatteverket is planning to appeal.
“The administrative court of appeals in Sundsvall has granted two individuals the right to have names that do not normally belong to their gender. At the same time, the administrative court of appeals in Gothenburg has denied similar petitions.
"Therefore we are unclear about which should apply. And to clarify the matter we are planning to appeal to the Supreme Administrative Court of Sweden,” he told Norrbottens-Kuriren.
The Swedish Ombudsman against discrimination has spoken out in support of the recent rulings.
“The administrative court of appeals has upheld the principle of everyone's equal value and rights, which is an important cornerstone of our democracy,” said Equality Ombudsman Katri Linna.
“Names are an important element of person's identity. This ruling therefore is of great significance to all transgendered individuals.”
Since January 1st, Swedish anti-discrimination measures have also applied to sexual orientation or identity. An individual may not be discriminated against if he or she breaks prevailing gender norms.