• Sweden edition
 

Immigrant employment rates vary by region

Published: 11 Jun 2010 14:51 GMT+02:00
Updated: 11 Jun 2010 14:51 GMT+02:00

Employment rates between local- and foreign-born workers differ by more than 30 percentage points in some areas of Sweden, according to a report from Statistics Sweden (Statistiska centralbyrån, SCB) based on data from 2008.

The highest employment rate of foreign-born workers in Sweden is 71 percent in Värnamo in Småland, far higher than the 48 percent for Söderhamn in Hälsingland.

In Värnamo, both the proportion and number of foreign-born workers, 16 percent and over 13,000 people, are higher than in other smaller regional centers.

Other low employment rates cited in the report include 51 percent in Vimmerby, also in Småland, and 53 percent in Eskilstuna in Södermanland.

Vimmerby, Söderhamn and Blekinge are examples of areas where the gap in unemployment is high between local- and foreign-born workers. However, in Pajala, Gällivare and Kiruna in northern Sweden, the gap in unemployment is relatively low at around 15 percentage points.

In metropolitan areas where many newly arrived immigrants have settled, the proportion of employed was 58 percent for foreign-born workers and 82 percent among those born in Sweden in 2008. Newly arrived immigrants in Värnamo and Kiruna are employed to a greater extent than in other regions.

Foreign-born workers who have been in Sweden for less than five years have low rates of employment. There are large differences in employment among those who have been in Sweden a short time across the country.

Kiruna (52 percent), Gällivare (48 percent) and Värnamo (47 percent) are regions with high levels of employment among new arrivals.

At the same time, the foreign-born employment rate overall is also highest in these regions. The proportion of employed persons in these areas who have lived a short time in Sweden is slightly higher than in Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö.

Haparanda, on the southernmost land border with Finland in northern Sweden, is the region with the highest percentage of foreign-born residents, nearly 40 percent. Almost all the foreign-born in Haparanda are from Finland.

Six out of 10 foreign-born workers live in metropolitan areas and a large proportion of them come from outside Europe.

There are considerably more foreign-born women than men in many smaller regions with a large shortage of women born in Sweden. In smaller regions, many born outside Europe usually come from Thailand.

According to official statistics, employment rates among the foreign-born are lowest in Värmland's Eda at 36 percent. However, this is due to extensive commuting across the border to Norway. Including border commuters increases the employment rate by about 20 percentage points.

For the same reason, the Malmö metropolitan area stands out. Officially, the employment rate among the foreign-born is 48 percent in the Malmö region. Adjusted for commuting, employment rates are at the same level as in Stockholm and Gothenburg, where the rates are 62 percent and 58 percent.

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Your comments about this article

21:25 June 11, 2010 by calebian22
Talk about focusing on the positive! That means there is still 29% unemployment in Värnamo for foreigners, and that is the best in all of Sweden.
22:19 June 11, 2010 by suckfist
And people say there's a labor shortage in Europe! (See Spain for further staggering unemployment rates.)

Immigration needs to be ground to a halt until unemployment picks up significantly.
10:56 June 12, 2010 by Jes
What does the term "foreign-born" mean ? Does it , for example , include those who were born in Finland ?

If so , maybe that is why the figures are more positive in the north where a lot of finns live .

@sucklist , immigration can never be ground to a halt . The suggestion is absurd .Swedes also immigrate to find jobs in countries with high unemployment rates .
11:14 June 12, 2010 by Nemesis
@ suckfist

So according to you, the tens of thousands of Swedes in the UK and Ireland should be deported.

Just think if every country in Europe was to deport Swedes, let alone the USA. The Swedish population would double.
15:21 June 12, 2010 by Puffin
@ Jes

Yes foreign born would include Nordic citizens

This is why generalised stattistics such as these are of so little help - there is a huge differences in employability of - say

- a Danish doctor who would likely be working within a week

- an unskilled non EU non Swedish speaker
16:07 June 12, 2010 by tzatara1
I don't get it .

Is it my foul that I'm foreign-born , ....

Unfortunately , nobody asked me where I want to start my existence when I came on this world ....

Why should I pay whole live for something which is out of my control ...

Is it not swedish means unemployed ....

Is it foreign-blood means unable for anything ...

well , I don't give a **** about the equality in the parliament when my rights not of a citizen , but my rights of human being have been kicked out
18:07 June 12, 2010 by Jes
@tzatara , you don`t seem to grasp the argument .

@Puffin , you got it !

The figures are a major bluff . You could find that 71% of employed foreigners in Värnamo is comprised of Nordic citizens . Then the other 29 is dominated by the "rest of the World" .
13:03 June 14, 2010 by Jannik
@Puffin

"This is why generalised stattistics such as these are of so little help - there is a huge differences in employability of - say

- a Danish doctor who would likely be working within a week

- an unskilled non EU non Swedish speaker"

A general categorization of "immigrant" labor participation is completely meaningless. This is because the variance within this category is very high. Recently i have studied detailed labor participitation in Denmark, which unlike Sweden, reports data based on ethnic origin in a detailed way.

The trends are very clear;

1) Ethnic danes have the second highest participitation rates, only skilled ethnic european immigrants, or immigrant from other western countries, have a higher rate.

2) This is followed by the group comprising of east asians, such as chinese, vietnamese, thai and indians, which is also relativily high.

3) Immigrants from middleeastern and african countries have a some what lower participitation rate.

4) The lowest rate is among refugees from group 3. As i recall, is on average about 30%. The bottom groups are somalis and palestinians.

Descendents from refugees only have a slightly better participation rate than thier parents. If the trend continues, it will take more than 200 years before refugee descendents have the same participation rate as ethnic danes.

On average lifetime net contributionn to the economy among ethnic danes is slightly negative, primarily caused by generous public benefits and a aging population.

Among immigrants from third world countries there is a negative contribution, and among group three and four, very negative.

The only immigrant group which contributes positively on a lifetime basis, is skilled european or western immigrants. This is caused by the fact that they are educated before entering the country, usually have job experience, are fluent in english, are easy to integrate, and just as important, often leave the country before retirement.

The main conclusions are the following;

1) Only highly skilled immigration from european and possible east asian countries is beneficial fro the economy.

2) Immigration from middeleastern and african countries has a negative effect on the economy.

3) Refugees in large numbers have a very negative effect on the economy in the long run.

Danish and swedish circumstances are easily comparable, which means that the swedish government has implemented some very damaging immigration policies in the last couple of decades.
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