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India leads arms imports: Swedish think tank

India leads arms imports: Swedish think tank

Published: 14 Mar 2011 08:57 GMT+01:00
Updated: 14 Mar 2011 08:57 GMT+01:00

India has been the world's biggest importer of weapons over the past five years, with Asian countries making up four of the top five, according to a new report from Swedish think tank SIPRI.

The report also highlighted how the world's major arms supplying countries had in recent years competed for trade in Libya, and in other Arab countries gripped by the recent wave of pro-democracy uprisings.

"India is the world's largest arms importer," the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) said as it released its latest report on trends in the international arms trade.

"India received nine percent of the volume of international arms transfers during 2006-10, with Russian deliveries accounting for 82 percent of Indian arms imports," it said.

Its arms imports jumped 21 percent from the previous five-year-period with 71 percent of its orders being for aircraft.

India's arms purchases were driven by several factors, said Siemon Wezeman of SIPRI'S Arms Transfers Programme.

"The most often cited relate to rivalries with Pakistan and China as well as internal security challenges," he wrote.

China and South Korea held joint second place on the list of global arms import, each with six percent, followed by Pakistan, on five percent.

Aircraft accounted for 45 percent of Pakistan's arms imports, which had bought warplanes from both China and the United States. Pakistan's arms imports were up 128 percent on the previous five-year period, SIPRI noted.

Greece rounded off the top-five list arms importers, with four percent of global imports.

Since the lifting of a UN arms embargo on Libya in September 2003, Britain, France, Italy and Russia had all competed to win orders from Muammar Qaddafi's regime, said the report.

Qaddafi's forces are currently using tanks, artillery and warplanes to reclaim territory held by the opposition forces.

Egypt had received 60 percent of its major arms imports from the United States between 2006 and 2010, said the SIPRI report.

They included "M-1A1 tanks and M-113 armoured vehicles of the type present

during demonstrations in the country in January 2011," it added.

A pro-democracy uprising forced Egyptian president Hosni Mubarak to step down on February 11, after nearly three decades of autocratic rule, after pro-democracy uprising.

But the conflict left at least 384 dead and more than 6,000 injured.

Russia, Montenegro, the Netherlands and China had also supplied weapons to the Mubarak regime, said the SIPRI report.

The United States remained the world's largest military equipment exporter, accounting for 30 percent of global arms exports in 2006-10, 44 percent of which went to to Asia and Oceania, SIPRI said.

The rest of the top five arms suppliers were: Russia, with 23 percent of the total market; Germany (11 percent); France (seven percent); and Britain (four percent).

"There is intense competition between suppliers for big-ticket deals in Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and Latin America," said Dr Paul Holtom, head of the SIPRI Arms Transfers Programme.

He cited the efforts of the Eurofighter consortium to sell their plane across the world against rival warplanes, with competition particuarly fierce for the markets in Brazil and India.

Britain, France, Germany and Italy were also competing for orders for naval equipment from Algeria, noted SIPRI.

The think tank, which specialises in research on conflicts, weapons, arms control and disarmament, was created in 1966 and is 50-percent financed by the Swedish state.

AFP/The Local (news@thelocal.se)

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Your comments about this article

11:06 March 14, 2011 by Fernandis
Comment: Interesting.....no money to feed poors but have got plenty to buy arms :) stupid way of becoming super power. India has already acheived the title of a super power in "malnutriton of children"...well done!

http://www.economist.com/node/17090948
12:22 March 14, 2011 by John Wayne
Swedish think tank,,LMAO.
12:33 March 14, 2011 by avatar
Poor India and Pakistan spending their resources to fight each other. I wonder why they don't understand a simple equation.
12:53 March 14, 2011 by bluezorg
I guess this goes together with the recent article "Sweden's Saab secures major arms deal"? Oh well...
13:32 March 14, 2011 by zircon
And who's the Patriot's girl in white?
13:35 March 14, 2011 by shane.shade
If the developed countries are working "really " towards international peace, one easy way is by stop supplying arms to other countries!
13:37 March 14, 2011 by this_aint_sparta
And then they put cow p!ss all over the piece of weapons, so they will last longer :-)
13:45 March 14, 2011 by satwinder
When you are surrounded by hostile nations from all sides...you have to invest a lot in your armed forces...to keep the enemies away ... i always believe its these so called developed countries which create situations so that their own companies can sell these weapons n make money..n then after selling weapons they talk about world peace...hypocrisy !
15:52 March 14, 2011 by this_aint_sparta
@ satwinder, Its called minimum deterrence, but if you are buying all the freakin piece of weapon on earth and keeping it on the borders and keepin 80% of your forces on the circumference that makes you a hostile country. Roll over and die now.
16:17 March 14, 2011 by wenddiver
If I had China for a neighbor, and was exposed to her daily threats, like Taiwan or her Proxies threats like South Korea, I would arm up too!

As to India buying all that old Soviet junk that hasn't won a war for thirty years, I would guess that probably has more to do with bribes and kick-backs than any real military needs of the Nuclear armed India.
16:36 March 14, 2011 by Fernandis
Well, China will never invade any country...they know their targets (better economy) and they achieving them very quietly. But, I don't understand that why indian govt has to buy more than 70% of arms from other countries, Even Ak-47 guns are also purchased from other countries which can be and are manufactured within India ........simply to make corruption. Recently, Indian Railway bought 6000 AK-47 rifles from bulgaria....lolzzz

The west has created problems in the region and then sell their weapons. Sweden sold Bofors artilery to India and then stopped selling its ammunication when they were used against Pakistan. As a result, India had to buy the artilery shells 10 times more expensive from black-market.
19:58 March 14, 2011 by Uncle
"Well, China will never invade any country"

Based on what? It has the second biggest military budget in the world which is increasing exponentially from year to year. 7.5% increase from 2009 to 2010 and 12.7% from 2010 to 2011 (avg 10% every year for the last 15 years). It has 1.6 million soldiers.

It has eleven armored brigades with about 10 thousand tanks. It has nuclear weapons and missiles that can deliver them all over the world except South America. It has anti-satellite weaponry and it has invested into 5th generation fighter jet.

All of this in the name of defense of China?

Who is nuts enough to attack China with their unlimited reserves and nuclear weapons? What do they require such an enormous army for? Economical benefit? This is a cash and resource sucking monster.

And the problems between Pakistan, India and China are relevant long before the "west" got off the trees. So I would not hang THIS on the west as well.
23:26 March 14, 2011 by Azhartt
Well India is surrounded with enemy countries like Pak and China....so to protect our country and ppl we need to buy arms....ya I do agree our military budget is too much as max ppl r below poverty line....nothing much can b done here, u see:(
00:58 March 15, 2011 by LeoKinmann
@Uncle

Ever heard of US?
01:09 March 15, 2011 by kshatriya
@ this aint sparta

During cold war US and USSR had stocked nuclear weapons enough to destroy world many thousands times over and over again (I dont care to find the exact number of times it can be blown up) and they called it minimum deterrence. And what we have is peanuts compared to that, ofcourse because our enemies are of lesser capabilities and we are not that retarted YET! SO roll over and die and rot.

@ Fernandis

China has already invaded India in the 60's, Use wikipedia.
01:48 March 15, 2011 by LeoKinmann
@kshatriya

and Indian lost. why? mainly due to incompetence of the commanders. more weapon will not prevail against good strategy and better trained soldiers.
02:14 March 15, 2011 by maakm
Well i guess world has found a way to make money by increasing tension between neighboring countries and then selling weapons to both of them. Imagine a while loop around it with false statement out of the loop.

the money that so called developed countries invest in their arm industry, if they have invested it for the world peace,it could have been a better choice.
03:42 March 15, 2011 by zircon
Good Night, DL...
09:15 March 15, 2011 by kshatriya
@ LeoKinmann.

The lost due an array of reasons but merely bad commanders. Can you prove that the commanders or strategy are no better than they were in 60's.

"One of the most basic policies for the new Indian government was that of maintaining cordial relations with China, reviving its ancient friendly ties. India was among the first nations to grant diplomatic recognition to the newly-created PRC.[23]"

"Arguably, the main lesson India learned from the war was the need to strengthen its own defences and a shift from Nehru's foreign policy with China based on his stated concept of "brotherhood" "

The present defence budget is simply in relation to direct threats we face.

The mess which will be western by western forces after leaving afghanistan.

increasingly unstable pak.

more and more aggressive china in its conflicts related to a bunch of islands to its east towards many countries, including japan.

We are not over doing it by increasing our defence spending.
09:29 March 15, 2011 by this_aint_sparta
a 2 minutes video that explaind it all, eChudeOpEHs @ youtube.
09:52 March 15, 2011 by Azhartt
@kshatriya

I totally agree with u man....

and as we lost the war with China, the then Prime Minister decided to increase our military strength and even that incident made us to develop nuclear weapons...and we achieved it through Pokran 1 and 2....first non-permanent UN security council country to do that:):)

but with the help of some anti-Indian countries like US and China even Pakis developed nuclear weapons...I bet they didnt not develop, they GOT it from someone...so we need many advanced weapons to protect us....
10:27 March 15, 2011 by kshatriya
He is a politician, disgraced as usual.

he is talking about misleading their own public???? hahaha what about the millions of book bought off by pak military under his rule and burnt?

"The Myth of 1965 Victory",[69] allegedly exposed Pakistani fabrications about the war, but all copies of the book were bought by Pakistan Army to prevent publication because the topic was "too sensitive".[70][71]"

Musharaff is probably the last person who should talk about peace:

"From May to July 1999, Pakistan and India were involved in the Kargil Conflict, an armed conflict between the two countries in the Kargil district of Kashmir. It was planned and executed during General Musharraf's term as the Pakistani Army Chief of Staff under Prime Minister Sharif.

Sharif has claimed that Musharraf was solely responsible for the Kargil attacks"

and of course it failed!

and his involvement in siachen fiasco doesnt help either:

"He later admitted that he "broke down and wept"[3] when he heard the "disgusting" news of Pakistan's unconditional surrender to India.[10][11] Later he commanded regiments of artillery, an Artillery Brigade and then an infantry division. In September 1987, he was instrumental in giving orders to a newly formed SSG at Khapalu base (Kashmir), which launched an assault and successfully captured two intermediate posts, Bilafond La in Siachen Glacier, before being pushed back.[12]"

His is not talking to an expert, just some useless journalist who didnt do his homework.

Besides we trusted more than once to be back stabbed again and again
11:01 March 15, 2011 by Fernandis
@kshatriya, Azhartt
11:28 March 15, 2011 by Joshe
why not to put our efforts and energies on to resolve the issues instead of manufacturing, selling and buying arms!
11:35 March 15, 2011 by Azhartt
I'll really appreciate, if my country(India) start manufacturing arms instead of buying.....I think we have all the resources to do it...but coz of the corrupt politicians it is not getting started....
11:38 March 15, 2011 by kshatriya
My previous post was a reply for the video uploaded by this aint sparta.

Joshe, ofcourse that is the best thing to do, a lot of constructive things can be done if we are able to focus our energies. What I am trying to say is that India is simple being forced to be what it is now.

Fernandis can you repost what you wanted to say,,, there are no comments.
15:01 March 15, 2011 by sadia
Yes, it is understood that India & Pakistan are the buyers but just see who are the seller?? The Big Boss who are influencing the whole world. Why they are not initiating to stop arms selling & buying? The answer is only because of money and ill trading!!!
22:01 March 15, 2011 by Uncle
LeoKinmann

"Ever heard of US?"

Ever heard that US has such an army budget precisely for the benefit of invading other countries? What China has it for?
23:13 March 15, 2011 by Boyfriend
If they do not buy weapon they will be again invaded this time maybe USA :P
23:56 March 15, 2011 by Uncle
Yep... as usual. Boyfriend - the weapons and strategical specialist.

As it has been said, China has enough nuclear and chemical weapons to make the 80% of world population drown in it's own puke and blood for the last 3 minutes of their lives.

At the same time - conventionally, China can win against US on its own turf even if every Chinese soldier would have a fork for a weapon. There are more males available for military service there than the entire population of the US.

Why does it need 10 thousand tanks, 2500 fighter jets, antisattelite systems and the second biggest military budget in the world, if not for future possible "restoration of historical justice" against India, that has the same amount of population, more advanced weaponry and nuclear force?

I mean, how commie one have to be to assume that USA is ALWAYS the bad guy and dictatorships with territorial and resources claims are the good guys that are only trying to defend themselves from the diabolic west? Even when they attack others, the left wing here somehow finds the fault of the west, because a white person dared to pass in the place 200 years a go. Iraq, Somalia, Serbia, North Korea, Syria - all attacked OTHERS. But how fast do we forget that? How easily do we throw it on the western puppet master?

Isn't it tiresome?
23:09 March 16, 2011 by LeoKinmann
@Uncle

"how commie one have to be to assume that USA is ALWAYS the bad guy and dictatorships with territorial and resources claims are the good guys "

I don't assume who's the bad guy and who's the good guy. It's all about the balance of international superpowers. Having only one superpower doesn't give you any balance. The way you can't have one heavy weight to balance a scale.

"China has enough nuclear and chemical weapons to ...."

Nuclear weapons stay put in their silos. Having them is a requirement of reaching a status quo in the balance of terror. The real WMD who killed countless men, women and children are still guns swords and arrows.

"onventionally, China can win against US on its own turf even if every Chinese soldier would have a fork for a weapon. There are more males available for military service there than the entire population of the US."

If your logic holds, Iraq with their 31 million population should've defeated the invading US force with ease, because Iraq got more males available for military service than the entire US detachment sent to mideast. Sadly, battles today are not fought with numbers.

"Why does it need 10 thousand tanks, 2500 fighter jets, antisattelite systems and the second biggest military budget in the world, if not for future possible "restoration of historical justice" against India, that has the same amount of population, more advanced weaponry and nuclear force?"

So your logic is: if China got weapons, then China must use them on India. Have you heard about the border conflicts China had with Russia, Vietnam, Japan, Thailand and even Taiwan? Ever heard about the US carrier parked outside China's doorstep? Not mentioning how many of the neighboring nations are the allies of US? Geopolitically, China is almost surrounded already.

The story with antisatellite weapon is: US made one first, and refused to talk with UN about the ban on space weapons. Then China successfully made their own. this time US came back to the negotiations.
13:13 March 18, 2011 by jacksonjerry
Simple thing. Protection against attack is more important than food.

Better to starve than be raped.
22:50 March 19, 2011 by wenddiver
@Fernandis-"Well, China will never invade any country"

What fine academic institution produced You???

For the record the Chinese Communists have accomplished the following aggresions-

-At home-Attacked the Chinese Nationalist government when it was in the middle of trying to prevent the Genocide of the Chinese people by the Japanese in World War II.

In the North Border Skirmishing with the Former Soviet Union, and conquest of Mongolia.

-In the South-Attacked the United Nations forces in Korea and continues to support one of the most evil Dictatorships in the World, directly responsible for supporting international terror,Genocide on millions of it's own people, hundreds of attacks on South Korea and Incursions into Japanese territorial water, and the clandestine kidnapping of Foreign Nationals.

-Also to the South- They attacked their former Allies the Peoples Republic of Vietnam, with a full scale military invasion.

-In the West-The unprovoked conquest, occupation and attempted destuction of the Country of Tibet and it's people.

-In the West-Attacked India.

-In the East- Repeated assaults against the Republic of Taiwan and her shipping.

Also in the East-aggressions against Japan in International waters, based upon submerged rocks they claim are Chinese Islands.

At home attacked the peaceful Tinamen demonstators with tanks, harrasses Religouse leaders, blocks internet access without censorship, forced abortions of women, and don't forget my personal favorite considers Chaiman Mao the Greatest Mass Murderer in the history of the world "their National Heroe"!

Kind of makes their support of their proxie regime, the Genocidal mass murder Pol Pott and the Killing Fields of Cambodia, seem insignificant.

-Attempted through espionage to overthrow the Governments of South Korea, Viet nam, the Philipines, Malaysia, Burma, Thailand, Mongolia, etc., etc.
23:27 June 16, 2011 by jacksonjerry
@wenddiver: well said..
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