'Inertia' of Swedish model bashed by firms
Published: 19 Feb 2012 10:00 GMT+01:00
Updated: 19 Feb 2012 10:00 GMT+01:00
Swedish companies, relatively unscathed by the European debt crisis, dislike the Swedish economic model's inertia, want reforms to boost their competitiveness, and want to adopt the euro, their representatives say.
"I think Sweden should join the euro... We benefit a lot from the single market, which is not sustainable without the single currency," said Urban Bäckström, who heads the Confederation of Swedish Enterprise (Svenskt Näringsliv), the country's main employer's organisation representing some 60,000 businesses.
European Union member Sweden rejected the common currency in a 2003 referendum and Bäckström acknowledged that "we haven't lost anything so far," by standing outside the bloc.
According to a December poll however, nearly nine out of 10 Swedes want to hold onto their krona.
"It's not a short-term matter for Sweden (but) more of a long-term one," Bäckström said at a meeting with international media.
But if Sweden wants to remain competitive in the long run, industry players insist it must act soon, not only to move towards embracing the euro but also to reform Sweden's womb-to-tomb welfare state, which is seen weighing heavily on business flexibility.
The problem, many say, is that Fredrik Reinfeldt's centre-right coalition government has proven hesitant to introduce far-reaching reforms since coming to power in 2006.
While the Financial Times named Sweden's Anders Borg the world's best finance minister last year, Thand Ringqvist, who served as an advisor at the Swedish enterprise ministry between 2006 and 2010, said she felt he had done little but deal with the here and now.
The real question, she said, is "What do we need to do now to be somewhere in 10 years?"
And the main answer? "You need to loosen the laws... (The existing) laws lock people in," she told AFP, insisting that present labour laws in Sweden make it difficult for employees to change jobs and locations.
Reinfeldt recently proposed helping people change careers at 50, but according to Thand Ringqvist, current Swedish labour laws would prove a major obstacle to that plan, since employees who switch companies after 20 years lose all the benefits of seniority that otherwise largely shield them from layoffs.
Reinfeldt also recently suggested gradually pushing Sweden's retirement age up to 75 from today's 65-year limit, but the proposal was met with wide-spread criticism.
"Why not 85?" ranted Bäckström, insisting that it was "more important to get young people to work than forcing people to work more."
Not long ago, Swedes were on average entering the workforce at the age of 21, he said, lamenting that today the average jumping-off age is 28, sporting multiple degrees and accumulated personal experience.
"There are many years lost," he said, blaming the government for not taking advantage of the years of economic bliss to lower taxes, which remain among the highest in the world, or reform the labour market.
"The trick is not to have high tax rates, but high tax revenues," he said, insisting the Swedish model with its generous tax-financed welfare state "can be sustained if we correct a few things."
Without questioning globalisation, which benefits large Swedish companies like Atlas Copco and Ericsson, Bäckström stressed the need to "improve the climate in Sweden" for small businesses too.
At the end of January, blue collar union leader Stefan Löfven took over as head of the Social Democrats, which have been in opposition and crisis-mode since 2006 following virtually a century of dominating Swedish politics and overseeing the creation of the Swedish welfare state.
The arrival of someone so heavily focused on labour issues at the top of the main opposition party could be a good thing, Bäckström said, pointing out that Löfven "could force the government to introduce reforms."