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EDUCATION

Sweden prepares new school bullying laws

(AFP) - Sweden is preparing legislation aimed at curbing school bullying, putting the onus on academic institutions to prevent the occurrence and making it easier for students to take their school to court if it fails to protect them, officials said on Thursday.

Education Minister Ibrahim Baylan presented the bill to the legislative council on Thursday, and it is expected to be submitted to parliament in September, a ministry spokeswoman told AFP.

Bullying is a widespread problem in Sweden, where many students complain about being ostracized or picked on by groups of classmates. More often verbal than physical, bullying is a high-profile issue with politicians and authorities often speaking out about the need to find ways to combat the problem.

The draft law calls for a “ban on discriminatory and other offensive treatment of children and students in kindergarten, primary and secondary school, and adult education,” Baylan wrote in an article outlining the law in Sweden’s paper of record, Dagens Nyheter.

Stressing all students’ equal rights, the bill “puts the burden of proof on the schools. If the schools cannot prove that they followed the law, the authorities … will be able to help a student take their school to court,” Baylan said.

Schools will also have to pay for any damages, “such as destroyed clothes or bicycles.”

Sweden’s current anti-discrimination laws do not apply to schools, Baylan said, adding that he hoped the new law would go into effect in early 2006.

“No child, youngster or adult … should have to be subjected to any form of discrimination, harassment or other offensive treatment,” he stressed.

Students are often bullied by other students but also by teachers and other school staff, he pointed out.

The article in Dagens Nyheter was co-signed by two members of parliament from the Left Party and the Green Party, which together with the ruling Social Democrats hold a majority in parliament.

In 2001 Sweden’s Supreme Court heard a case in which a young woman who had been bullied at school sued her municipality for damages, arguing that authorities had failed to provide her with a proper environment for learning.

She said the bullying that began in the seventh grade became so unbearable that she felt forced to drop out in the ninth grade. The court rejected her case, saying the school had done what it could to help her and the municipality could therefore not be held responsible.

EDUCATION

‘They feel conned’: Swedish universities fight for PHDs hit by new residency rules

Sweden's top universities are to call for doctoral students to be exempted from Sweden's tough new permanent residency rules, arguing that it will damage both academic standards and national competitiveness.

'They feel conned': Swedish universities fight for PHDs hit by new residency rules
At Lund Technical University, a majority of doctoral students are international. Photo: Kennet Ruona/LTU

In a post on Wednesday, Astrid Söderbergh Widding, the chair of Association of Swedish Higher Education Institutions, said that Sweden’s universities had agreed to submit a joint letter to the government “very soon”, calling for parliament to put in place a special exemption for PHD students to make it easier to stay in Sweden after their studies. 

The parliament, she wrote, “should introduce an exemption for doctoral students and young researchers from the requirement to be financially self-sufficient”. 

Previously, doctoral students were eligible for a permanent residence permit if they had lived in Sweden with a residence permit for doctoral studies for four out of the past seven years. Apart from a slim set of requirements, this was granted more or less automatically.

But according to Sweden’s new Migration Act, which was introduced in July this year as comprehensive legislation to control the number of asylum applications, they now need to be able to additionally show that they can support themselves financially for at least a year and half.

The new law means that the rules for permanent residency are now the same for all categories of applicants, including doctoral students.

Stefan Bengtsson, the rector at Chalmers University of Technology, said that the change would mean as many as 400 to 500 doctoral students, many of whom have built up considerable expertise, might be unable to stay in Sweden.

“This makes for an uncertain future for those from outside of Europe who have applied to come to Sweden for an academic career, which is cause for great concern and disappointment among those who came here under other circumstances,” he told The Local. “Some of them may, of course, feel like they’ve been conned

But what was even more worrying, he said, would be the impact the change to the law might have in the longer term. 

“This change to the law could contribute to giving Sweden a bad reputation. This will create difficulties in recruiting internationally and damage our long-term skills supply.”

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At Lund University, the majority of doctoral students in the science and technical faculties are from outside Europe, while Söderbergh Widding, who is also vice chancellor at Stockholm University, estimated that about half of doctoral students were international. 

Söderbergh Widding told the TT newswire that the change was “a devastating death blow”, which put to waste a “previously hard-won battle to make it possible for doctoral students to obtain a permanent residency permit after four years of studies”. 

She said in her letter that the change contradicted the research policy proposition from December 2020, which stated that the “number of foreign doctoral students who stay in Sweden should increase”, and said that giving residency to doctoral students was a good way to increase this.  

Ole Petter Ottersen, the rector of the elite Karolinska medical university, told the newswire that he thought the change in residency laws would damage Swedish competitiveness. 

“This is not good for Sweden. This will damage our ability to attract and recruit talent from other countries. For a country that lies on the periphery, the goal should be to make it easier, not harder, to recruit competence.” 

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