London attacks dominate Almedalen

Sweden's railways and postal service should be run by state-owned monopolies. That's the view of the Left Party, which took centre stage on the final day of the Almedalen political week on Gotland.

In a programme that was inevitably overshadowed by the terrorist attacks in London, troubled Left Party leader Lars Ohly presented new policies in an attempt to move on from the problems that have beset his party in recent weeks.

Ohly wanted to talk about policies such as a 35 hour working week for healthcare assistants and reform of parental leave so that fathers and mothers are forced to share their time off equally.

Yet at Almedalen, Ohly found it difficult to persuade the media to shift the focus away from the party’s internal troubles. A number of senior figures have left the party in the past few months, many of them in protest at Ohly’s description of himself as a communist.

But writing in Göteborgs Posten on Thursday, Ohly said that the recent desertions from the party “must be seen proportionately”.

“People, like politics, develop and change. This means constant re-evaluation, which occasionally leads people to realise that their sympathies lie elsewhere in politics.”

Ohly was the last of Sweden’s party leaders to appear at Almedalen. On Thursday, Liberal Party leader Lars Leijonborg ditched his planned speech on education in favour of a response to the attacks on London.

Sweden must do more to fight terrorism, Leijonborg argued. Allowing the military to play a role in helping the police fight terror was one of the more controversial suggestions in Leijonborg’s speech, in which he also said that Swedes were “astonishingly naive” in their approach to terrorism.

Leijonborg made his speech in front of a British union jack and two Swedish flags. His audience included British Ambassador Anthony Cary, who joined with a 1000-strong audience in a minute’s silence for the dead in London.

Terrorism was also at the heart of Maud Olofsson’s speech on Friday. But the Centre Party leader cautioned against demands for tougher anti-terrorist measures such as bugging and infiltration.

“If we start going down that road we won’t want to live in this society,” she said, arguing that fighting poverty was the best way to fight terrorism.

“Fight poverty, give children good healthcare and education, fight HIV/AIDS, strengthen women’s rights and build democracy,” she said.

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Sweden Elects: I’ve got election pork coming out my ears this week

The Local's editor Emma Löfgren rounds up this week's key talking points of the Swedish election campaign.

Sweden Elects: I've got election pork coming out my ears this week

There’s an old Swedish Word of the Day in The Local’s archives: valfläsk (literally “election pork”, or pork barrel politics).

This week, there’s been enough of it to feed a Swedish town large enough for both a Biltema and a Dressmann store and still have half the pig left!

You could say it started the week before last, when the Social Democrats’ Immigration Minister Anders Ygeman floated a test balloon loaded with a 50-percent cap on non-Nordic residents in troubled neighbourhoods (it went down among the other parties like it was made out of lead).

Then last week, the Liberals threw their hat in the ring by proposing mandatory language assessments for two-year-olds who don’t attend preschool, and then make preschool mandatory for the toddlers whose Swedish isn’t deemed good enough. This, they said, was meant to help integration in areas where bilingual children don’t speak Swedish at home.

“Studies show that early preschool benefits children whose mothers are low-educated and whose parents are born abroad,” their manifesto read.

Liberal leader Johan Pehrson’s statement that in the most extreme cases – where parents clearly refuse to let their children learn Swedish – led to a social media storm that conjured up images of crying toddlers being taken into care for failing to distinguish between en and ett when quizzed.

For any parents of multilingual children (who know better than most how language works in early childhood – I’m raising a multilingual baby myself, but I’ve only just started so if you have any tips, do let me know!), I should stress that the proposal is less extreme than how it was first presented.

This is typical for valfläsk, by the way. Take something that’s perfectly obvious and hard to argue against (of course mixed neighbourhoods and children being encouraged to learn languages are generally good things) but dial it up a notch, insert something immigration-related, promise to get tough on whatever it is you want to get tough on, and propose either something that already exists or would be near-impossible to implement.

Then the Stockholm branch of the conservative Moderates proposed that entire school classes in vulnerable areas should be screened for ADHD through optional rapid tests, in order to increase the comparably lower rate of medication among foreign-born children and prevent them from falling into a life of crime.

“Detached from reality,” said their Social Democrat rival and pointed out that the partly Moderate-run region was planning to cut the number of psychiatric care clinics for young people.

The Christian Democrats, never ones to be outdone, wanted to chemically castrate sex offenders, give police access to healthcare biobanks, and let police take DNA samples from people stopped in internal border checks.

But while many of the election pledges that get tossed around this close to the election (less than a month to go, now!) tend to range from the radical to the ridiculous and are unlikely to ever be implemented, they’re still worth paying attention to. They give us an indication of the direction the parties want to take, and could well reappear in a more watered-down format later on during the governmental cycle.

They may also become part of post-election negotiations, where even small parties hold key cards as the larger parties fight to cobble together viable government coalitions.

They also say something about Sweden and the direction of the political sphere as a whole, where the parties are currently racing to outdo each other on who can be toughest on immigration and law and order.

The Local’s reporter Becky Waterton has gone through all the parties’ election pledges to see how they specifically would affect foreign residents in Sweden – in case you’ve missed her article, click here to read it.

Also in the world of Swedish politics, a new poll by SVT and Novus has the Moderates and the Sweden Democrats neck and neck, Moderate leader Ulf Kristersson promised lower taxes in his summer speech and Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson tougher sentences on gang criminals in hers, and Sweden Democrat leader Jimmie Åkesson suggested changing the name of the Swedish Prison and Probation Service (Kriminalvården) to the Penal Office (Straffverket).

Sweden Elects is a new weekly column by Editor Emma Löfgren looking at the big talking points and issues in the Swedish election race. Members of The Local Sweden can sign up to receive the column plus several extra features as a newsletter in their email inbox each week. Just click on this “newsletters” option or visit the menu bar.