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ALCOHOL

Systembolaget punishes “bribery suppliers”

Sweden's alcohol retail monopoly, Systembolaget, has announced that it will no longer trade with one of its suppliers after allegations that the wholesaler bribed Systembolaget staff.

According to Systembolaget, most of the 77 store managers who are being prosecuted for accepting bribes in the form of money, holidays and gifts were offered them by Vin-Trädgårdh AB, a wine supplier.

Two other suppliers, Åkesson and Philipsson & Söderberg, are also facing sanctions, with a number of contracts cancelled.

“Vin-Trädgårdh is behind the absolute majority of the bribes according to the police investigation,” said Lennart Agén, head of information at Systembolaget, to Svenska Dagbladet.

“The measures against the other two suppliers are therefore not of the same degree as those against Vin-Trädgårdh.”

The news of the bribery scandal shook Systembolaget last year and added to the pressure the monopoly was under from falling sales and calls for tax reductions on alcohol.

Some employees are alleged to have made 100,000 crowns each and the total sum of money involved is said to be 1.2 million crowns.

Suspicions were first aroused at the end of 2002 when a Systembolaget employee handed over three lists to company management. The lists revealed how much store managers could earn by helping suppliers to reach their sales targets.

After an internal investigation, it was established that some stores had unusually large amounts of certain brands from certain suppliers. In January 2003 ten store managers were dismissed.

By September 2004, after a lengthy investigation, prosecutors revealed that some 92 individuals were suspected of being involved. 77 of those were store managers while the remaining 15 were staff at suppliers.

“The violations are so extensive and serious that it is necessary to take the most stringent action,” said Jakob Melander, Systembolaget’s lawyer.

Melander told Swedish Radio that the bribery was thought to have been “almost a business concept”.

But Vin-Trädgårdh was reluctant to comment to the media.

“The letter from Systembolaget was very confusing and we don’t exactly know what it means,” said Marie-Louise Davidsson, a part-owner of Vin-Trädgårdh.

“I’m looking at it together with our lawyers.”

Vin-Trädgårdh’s products accounted for 3% of Systembolaget’s sales.

Sources: SR, Svenska Dagbladet

ALCOHOL

Why alcohol-free beer is having a moment in Sweden

Almost one in every ten beers sold in Sweden is alcohol-free, and it's young people in cities who are the biggest consumers. So what's driving the popularity of the booze-free beverage?

Why alcohol-free beer is having a moment in Sweden
Young people in cities are driving the trend for more alcohol-free beer. Photo: Vilhelm Stokstad / TT

The popularity of alcohol-free beer is growing fast in Sweden, thanks to technical progress which has improved both the quality and variety of the beverage. It was the drink category that saw the biggest rise in sales in Sweden during 2018, with a 41 percent growth, according to figures from the Swedish Brewers Association.

“We see an increase in all areas; [state-run alcohol monopoly] Systembolaget has increased its sales, restaurants now have more than one variety and the beer selection in supermarkets [where only drinks with an alcohol content below 3.5 percent may be sold] has become noticeably more interesting to consumers,” the association's CEO Anna-Karin Fondberg said.

Swedish brewery Spendrups, one of the major players in the market, has seen a 30 percent increase in sales of alcohol-free beer since 2018, and last year was a record year.

“It's a trend in society that we're turning to alcohol-free products more and more, but I think that more than anything it's about the taste,” commented Spendrups head of press Rose-Marie Hertzman.

“There is now a really good alternative for those who for some reason want to abstain from alcohol, and that has not always been the case. When we manufacture alcohol-free beer, we first make a strong beer [with high alcohol content] and then take away the alcohol, so you keep all the flavours,” said Hertzman.

Making beer free from alcohol is a complicated and expensive process, requiring manufacturers either to cut off the fermentation process or remove the alcohol afterwards. Alcohol is a flavour carrier, but modern techniques mean that it's no longer the case that alcohol-free beer means a flavourless drink.

Anna-Karin Fondberg of the Swedish Brewers Association agrees that product development has been important for the increased interest in alcohol-free beers.

“Swedish breweries got in there early and put a lot of resources into development, and it's paying off now. Consumers are choosy and alcohol-free beer today is a high quality product,” she said.

While the major breweries have played a part, a large number of microbreweries have started up over recent years, and helped draw attention to the wide variety when it comes to beer. This has meant that there are no longer only alcohol-free lagers, but also IPAs, ales, and porters. 

The biggest market for alcohol-free beer is young people living in Sweden's major cities, and as alcohol-free beer has risen in popularity, sales of low-alcohol beer or lättöl have fallen. Since 2018, more alcohol-free beers have been sold than lättöl, which has long been a popular choice for lunch and the only alternative outside Systembolaget's opening hours, and is most popular with middle-aged men.

Another of the reasons for booming sales of alcohol-free beer could well be an increased interest in healthy eating and drinking habits. While healthy food and exercise have long been important to Swedish consumers, and this has been reflected in sales figures within those sectors, there appears to be increasing attention paid to drinks and particularly alcohol.

“I think people want to drink different things at different occasions. We see in our surveys that many people don't only drink alcohol-free beverages, but earlier when someone for some reason didn't want a beer with alcohol, they would turn to water or soda,” said Fondberg.

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