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CRIME

Swedes pirating more software

Despite Sweden having one of the lowest pirate copying rates in Europe, the software industry is still losing an increasing amount of money, a new study has shown.

John Hugosson, chairman of BSA (Business Software Alliance) in Sweden said the national industry has lost billions of kronor during the past year.

Sweden has one of the lowest use rates of pirated programs among some 97 countries analyzed, according to a study funded by BSA. Pirate copied programs in Sweden have inched up one percent to 27 percent during 2005 compared to 2004.

The estimated amount of money lost to such illegal programs grew from 2.2 billion kronor to 2.5 billion kronor during the same period.

The global average of pirate-copied software in other countries is near 35 percent, and the EU average is 36 percent. Countries such as Greece, Italy, Spain, and Portugal inflate the average. In Greece, more than 60 percent of used programs are copied, according to the study.

IDC, the company which was hired to conduct the study for BSA, said in a study last year that if the world were to reduce the use of pirated copies 10 percent – to 25 percent in total – it would mean 2.4 million additional jobs, $400 billion (2.9 trillion kronor) in economic growth and $67 billion (490 billion kronor) in new tax money.

In 51 of the investigated countries the use of illegal copies dropped ,and in 19 countries the number increased. Ukraine, India, and China – all lands that once topped the list – have reduced their rates of use.

Still, pirated programs are virtually synonymous with China. The study said at least 80 percent of programs are illegal. Nearly 90 percent of programs in Zimbabwe are copies, and Central Europe and Eastern Europe are not far behind with 70 percent of programs being illegal.

“The steps forward made to minimize pirate copying within several growth markets are positive, but when more than a third of software are still pirate copies, it shows much more needs to be done,” BSA spokesman Robert Holleyman said.

HEALTH

Swedish opposition proposes ‘rapid tests for ADHD’ to cut gang crime

The Moderate Party in Stockholm has called for children in so called "vulnerable areas" to be given rapid tests for ADHD to increase treatment and cut gang crime.

Swedish opposition proposes 'rapid tests for ADHD' to cut gang crime

In a press release, the party proposed that treating more children in troubled city areas would help prevent gang crime, given that “people with ADHD diagnoses are “significantly over-represented in the country’s jails”. 

The idea is that children in so-called “vulnerable areas”, which in Sweden normally have a high majority of first and second-generation generation immigrants, will be given “simpler, voluntary tests”, which would screen for ADHD, with those suspected of having the neuropsychiatric disorder then put forward for proper evaluations to be given by a child psychiatrist. 

“The quicker you can put in place measures, the better the outcomes,” says Irene Svenonius, the party’s leader in the municipality, of ADHD treatment, claiming that children in Sweden with an immigrant background were less likely to be medicated for ADHD than other children in Sweden. 

In the press release, the party said that there were “significant differences in the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD within Stockholm country”, with Swedish-born children receiving diagnosis and treatment to a higher extent, and with ADHD “with the greatest probability” underdiagnosed in vulnerable areas. 

At a press conference, the party’s justice spokesman Johan Forsell, said that identifying children with ADHD in this areas would help fight gang crime. 

“We need to find these children, and that is going to help prevent crime,” he said. 

Sweden’s climate minister Annika Strandhäll accused the Moderates of wanting to “medicate away criminality”. 

Lotta Häyrynen, editor of the trade union-backed comment site Nya Mitten, pointed out that the Moderates’s claim to want to help children with neuropsychiatric diagnoses in vulnerable areas would be more credible if they had not closed down seven child and youth psychiatry units. 

The Moderate Party MP and debater Hanif Bali complained about the opposition from left-wing commentators and politicians.

“My spontaneous guess would have been that the Left would have thought it was enormously unjust that three times so many immigrant children are not getting a diagnosis or treatment compared to pure-Swedish children,” he said. “Their hate for the Right is stronger than their care for the children. 

Swedish vocab: brottsförebyggande – preventative of crime 

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