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CRIME

Swedes pirating more software

Despite Sweden having one of the lowest pirate copying rates in Europe, the software industry is still losing an increasing amount of money, a new study has shown.

John Hugosson, chairman of BSA (Business Software Alliance) in Sweden said the national industry has lost billions of kronor during the past year.

Sweden has one of the lowest use rates of pirated programs among some 97 countries analyzed, according to a study funded by BSA. Pirate copied programs in Sweden have inched up one percent to 27 percent during 2005 compared to 2004.

The estimated amount of money lost to such illegal programs grew from 2.2 billion kronor to 2.5 billion kronor during the same period.

The global average of pirate-copied software in other countries is near 35 percent, and the EU average is 36 percent. Countries such as Greece, Italy, Spain, and Portugal inflate the average. In Greece, more than 60 percent of used programs are copied, according to the study.

IDC, the company which was hired to conduct the study for BSA, said in a study last year that if the world were to reduce the use of pirated copies 10 percent – to 25 percent in total – it would mean 2.4 million additional jobs, $400 billion (2.9 trillion kronor) in economic growth and $67 billion (490 billion kronor) in new tax money.

In 51 of the investigated countries the use of illegal copies dropped ,and in 19 countries the number increased. Ukraine, India, and China – all lands that once topped the list – have reduced their rates of use.

Still, pirated programs are virtually synonymous with China. The study said at least 80 percent of programs are illegal. Nearly 90 percent of programs in Zimbabwe are copies, and Central Europe and Eastern Europe are not far behind with 70 percent of programs being illegal.

“The steps forward made to minimize pirate copying within several growth markets are positive, but when more than a third of software are still pirate copies, it shows much more needs to be done,” BSA spokesman Robert Holleyman said.

CRIME

Sweden breaks yearly record for fatal shootings

A man was shot to death in Kristianstad, Skåne, late on Thursday night. He is the 48th person to be shot dead in Sweden this year, meaning that the previous record for most fatal shootings in one year set in 2020 has now been broken.

Sweden breaks yearly record for fatal shootings

“Unfortunately we can’t say more than that he’s in his twenties and we have no current suspects,” duty officer Mikael Lind told TT newswire.

According to police statistics, this most recent deadly shooting means that 48 people have been shot to death in 2022, meaning that Sweden has broken a new record for deadly shootings per year.

Earlier this week, Sweden’s police chief Anders Thornberg said that this number is likely to rise even higher before the end of the year.

“It looks like we’re going to break the record this year,” he told TT on Tuesday. “That means – if it continues at the same pace – around 60 deadly shootings.”

“If it ends up being such a large increase that would be very unusual,” said Manne Gerell, criminiologist at Malmö University.

“We saw a large increase between 2017 and 2018, and we could see the same now, as we’re on such low figures in Sweden. But it’s still worrying that it’s increasing by so much over such a short time period,” he said.

There also seems to be an upwards trend in the number of shootings overall during 2022. 273 shootings had occured by September 1st this year, compared with 344 for the whole of 2021 and 379 for the whole of 2020.

If shootings continue at this rate for the rest of 2022, it is likely that the total number for the year would be higher than 2021 and 2020. There are, however, fewer injuries.

“The majority of shootings cause no injuries, but this year, mortality has increased substantially,” Gerell explained. “There aren’t more people being shot, but when someone is shot, they’re more likely to die.”

Thursday’s shooting took place in Kristianstad, but it’s only partially true that deadly gun violence is becoming more common in smaller cities.

“It’s moved out somewhat to smaller cities, but we’re overexaggerating that effect,” Gerell said. “We’re forgetting that there have been shootings in other small cities in previous years.”

A report from the Crime Prevention Council (Brå) presented last spring showed that Sweden, when compared with 22 different countries in Europe, was the only one with an upwards trend for deadly shootings.

Temporary increases can be seen during some years in a few countries, but there were no countries which showed such a clear increase as Sweden has seen for multiple years in a row, according to Brå.

The Swedish upwards trend for deadly gun violence began in the beginning of the 2000s, but the trend took off in 2013 and has continued to increase since.

Eight of ten deadly shootings take place in criminal environments, the study showed. The Swedish increase has taken place in principle only among the 20-29 year old age group.

When police chief Anders Thornberg was asked how the trend can be broken, he said that new recruitments are one of the most important factors.

“The most important thing is to break recruitment, make sure we can listen encrypted and that we can get to the profits of crime in a better way,” he said.

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