The boy made the salute during a performance of Swedish singer-songwriter Magnus Uggla’s song För Kung och Fosterland (roughly translated: ‘For King and Country’). He was singing the song in a music lesson at his school in Trollhättan.
The performance was filmed by one of the boy’s classmates on his mobile phone. The film is now being used as evidence by prosecutors, who plan to put him on trial for Agitation Against a National or Ethnic Group.
“The film will be played in court, and there’s no doubt that the 16-year-old is performing a Hitler salute,” prosecutor Sune Johansson told Göteborgs-Posten.
If convicted, the boy is likely to face a fine.