Swedish pension funds invest more in arms firms

Despite criticism, several of Sweden’s public pension funds have increased their holdings in companies connected to the manufacturing of nuclear weapons and cluster bombs.

Altogether, the Allmänna Pension (AP) funds hold stock in weapons companies valued at 2 billion kronor ($330 million), according to news website E24.

The AP funds don’t have any limitations like the Norwegian public pension fund, Pensjonsfonden, which has blacklisted companies that contribute to the production of nuclear weapons and cluster bombs.

As a result, American arms companies like Lockheed Martin, United Technologies, Raytheon, Honeywell International, and Northrop Grumman are excluded from the Norwegian fund’s portfolio, as they manufacture weapons and components for both cluster bombs and nuclear weapons systems.

A review by E24 shows that Sweden’s AP funds have increased their holdings in the companies.

The Första AP Fund has purchased stock in all five companies in the second half of 2007. Its holdings increased by 40 million kronor to 490 million, despite that the stock market dropped during the same period.

Things look similar in the other AP funds.

Four of the AP funds have created their own ethics committee, but that doesn’t mean that things are going to change.

“Our rules are built on the principle that we follow the international conventions Sweden has signed, and we can’t have it any other way. For example, Sweden has signed the anti-proliferation treaty for nuclear weapons, but within its framework the manufacture of atomic weapons is allowed,” said Carl Rosén of the Andra AP Fund and chair of the ethics committee.


Sweden to increase retirement age from next year

A proposal for changes to Sweden’s pensions system could see incremental increases to retirement age beginning next year.

Sweden to increase retirement age from next year
Photo: Hasse Holmberg/TT

The proposal for reform to state pensions has been agreed on by parties on both sides of the political aisle, reflecting the political agreement which provided for the new Swedish government.

Later retirement age has been justified by the claim that people in Sweden “live longer and healthier lives”, but the last twelve years of life remain characterised by illness and failing health, news agency TT writes.

According to the proposal, the minimum age at which a state pension may be drawn will increase next year from 61 to 62 years. The right to retain employment, the so-called LAS age, will also be increased, from 67 to 68 years.

“We see a problem with the fact that people who want to continue working are not able to. We will now give people the opportunity to do that,” said Mats Persson of the Liberal party, who was part of the parliamentary group behind the proposal.

In 2023, retirement ages will increase again, with the minimum state pension age changing to 63 and the LAS age to 69. The so-called guaranteed pension, which is paid to those who have had little or no pension-qualifying income during their working lives, will also see an increased age limit from 65 to 66 years.

2026 will see further extensions, to 64 years and 67 years for the regular and guaranteed pensions respectively.

In a press statement, the government wrote that longer and healthier lives made the reforms to retirement age possible. Average life expectancy in Sweden has been found to increase by 3.5 hours every day.

But longer life expectancy does not necessarily correspond to better health in senior years, according to research.

International studies led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) and the University of Washington recently found that Swedes have relatively high life expectancy – just under 82 years for both women and men – but that years with good health are considerably fewer, at just under 70 years.

Sweden fell outside of the top ten for countries with the most years of good health, the study found. Japan was the best-performing country, followed by Singapore, Andorra, Iceland and Cyprus.

The pensions proposal could therefore mean that retirement years will become increasingly unlikely to contain many years in which senior citizens can enjoy good health.

Persson told TT he disagreed with that conclusion.

“This agreement is based on the fact that we live longer as well as healthier lives. There is research to support that,” he said.

READ ALSO: How to manage your pension in Sweden – even if you're not planning to stay