The incident has also cast doubt over a planned summer move to the Detroit Red Wings.
The 20-year-old Djurgården player got into an argument with two police officers on arriving in the city centre with some friends on Saturday.
According to the police report, Axelsson told the officers that he “hated cops”.
On returning home from a sleepless night in a cell, the talented forward called national team coach Bengt-Åke Gustafsson to inform him of what had happened.
Gustafsson made it clear to Axelsson the he would not be welcome to travel with the team to this week’s Ceska Pojistovna Cup tournament in the Czech Republic.
A touted summer move to the Detroit Red Wings may now also be in jeopardy.
“It is definitely possible to say that this is not on the plus side of his account,” the team’s European manager Håkan Andersson told Dagens Nyheter.