The suspect was arrested just before 3am Monday morning on the outskirts of Ystad, although police have yet to release a statement concerning the arrest.
Following an interrogation, police decided to hold the man on arson suspicions.
It remains unclear, however, whether the 45-year-old attempted to set fire to a residential building in Sandskogen, or if the accusations pertain to another incident.
The man, referred to in the Swedish media as the ‘dawn pyromaniac’, has previously served a three year jail sentence for two arson attempts in Dalarna in north-central Sweden.
He gained national notoriety following a targeted campaign in which his name and photograph were published on the internet.
In January of this year, he was served with a five month jail sentence for threats against a public official.
Last year, the 45-year-old was also linked to a number of unexplained fires in Skåne, including four blazes which broke out within hours of one another in Simrishamn.
He was arrested once more in December near a burned down summer cottage in the Ystad area. At the time, however, police were unable to conclusively tie the suspect to either of these unexplained fires.