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YOUTH

Young sex offenders escape investigation

Every fifth case of a reported sexual offence involving Swedish teenagers is not investigated by the social services, according to a report by Sveriges Radio youth current affairs programme Generation Z.

In 20 percent of reported cases of sex offences involving teenagers the social services neither open an investigation nor pursue other measures.

Among the reported cases are some which involve allegations of repeated offences.

“I consider this a betrayal against young people. I am especially thinking about those who have committed assault against several victims,” Cecilia Kjellgren, a researcher at Lund University, to Sveriges Radio.

“It is a betrayal against the individual, and it is also a huge betrayal against the children who could potentially fall victim,” she said.

It is known that only ten percent of alleged sex offences committed by teenagers are reported to the social services.

In order to find out what it is done to follow up the cases, Generation Z sent out 1,500 surveys to those responsible for handling the cases across the country.

The programme received 940 replies and of those it was confirmed that four out of five cases are subject to an investigation.

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UNEMPLOYMENT

Sweden has lowest EU long term jobless areas

Seven of the top ten regions in Europe for low long term unemployment in 2014 were in Sweden, new EU figures have revealed.

Sweden has lowest EU long term jobless areas
A Swedish employment office. Photo: TT
Researchers looked at the proportion of jobless people across the EU's 28 member states that had been out of work for 12 months or more.
 
Övre Norrland in northern Sweden boasted the best score in the EU with just 14.8 percent of unemployed people looking for work for over a year.
 
Bucuresti-Ilfov in Romania came second, reporting a share of 15.9 percent, followed by six other regions across Sweden, including Stockholm and the west coast area which includes the country's second largest city, Gothenburg (Västsverige).
 
 
The EU average was 49.3 percent in 2014. 
 
Sweden has a number of strategies in place designed to tackle long term unemployment.
 
The country's employment service, Arbetsförmedlingen, describes unemployment benefits as "career readjustment insurance and not an occupational insurance" and those who are out of work should – in theory – be offered help in drawing up a personal action plan to get them back into work.
 
Benefit recipients are entitled to compensation payouts for a maximum of 300 days, or 450 days if they are parents.
 
Håkan Gustavsson, a labour market analyst for Arbetsförmedlingen told The Local on Wednesday that Sweden's success in tackling long term unemployment was thanks to "the long tradition of trying to activate job seekers to a greater extent than in other European countries".
 
But he added:  "We also haven't had the same magnitude of economic crisis as in southern Europe, so it's not the same as in some places like Spain where whole industries have disappeared. So the number of 'structurally unemployed' is lower in Sweden to start off with".
 
The latest EU statistics reveal that the areas in Sweden with the highest rates of long term unemployment are Sydsverige in southern Sweden (10 percent of unemployed persons) and Norra Mellansverige in the north of the country (8.6 percent).
 
The overall jobless rate in Sweden in February 2015 was 7.8 percent, the same figure recorded each month since November 2014. Youth unemployment also remained stable albeit at the much higher rate of 22.2 percent, slightly down from 23 percent a year ago.
 
Last month an OECD report argued that Sweden has weathered the global economic crisis better than most countries but that falling school results, an inflexible labour market, and slow integration of immigrants remained a worry.
 
In getting to grips with stubbornly high youth unemployment, Sweden should “reduce the gap in employment protection between permanent and temporary contracts and increase flexibility in entry level wages," the report argued.
 
EU regions with lowest long term unemployment (in percent)
 
1. Övre Norrland (Sweden) 14.8 
 
2. Bucuresti – Ilfov (Romania) 15.9 
 
3. Mellersta Norrland (Sweden) 16.3 
 
4. Småland med öarna (Sweden) 16.6 
 
5. Västsverige (Sweden) 17.4 
 
6. Stockholm (Sweden) 17.5 6 
 
7. Östra Mellansverige (Sweden) 17.7
 
8. Norra Mellansverige (Sweden) 18.4
 
9. Pohjois-ja Itä-Suomi (Finland) 20.9 
 
10. Nordjylland (Denmark) 21.0