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ROYAL WEDDING

HUMAN RIGHTS

Sweden defends dictator invites

The Swedish foreign ministry has defended the invitation of representatives for several of the world's most severe dictatorships to Saturday's royal wedding, arguing that it is accepted to protocol to invite the entire diplomatic core to ceremonial state occasions.

Representatives from North Korea, Sudan and Eritrea are among those on the guest list for the wedding ceremony in Stockholm Cathedral on Saturday afternoon. The latter, has in particular been the source of considerable debate in Sweden in recent years over the imprisonment without trial of Swedish journalist Dawit Isaak.

The Royal Court confirmed the guest list with the foreign ministry who passed it without any reservations, according to information head Cecilia Julin.

“This is the praxis we apply for events such as these, that we we invite the whole diplomatic corps,” she said.

In response to a question regarding the criticism of the guest list, Julin replied:

“I think that one has to conclude that certain ceremonial state events, then it is natural to invite the countries with whom we have diplomatic relations with. This does not means that we are overly enamoured with parts of their democracy or policies, or respect for human rights.”

“When we we have a ceremonial opening of parliament, for example, then we invite them all, and this is a way to show the countries stationed here how are democratic traditions work.”

Julin argued that the wedding ceremony is a state ceremony and should not be regarded as imply a festive occasion.

“They are invited to attend the marriage ceremony in the cathedral where the Swedish heir to the throne is to be married – the state ceremonial part of the arrangements. They are not invited to the reception,” Julin said.

Julin said that the idea of limiting the invites to representatives from Scandinavian and EU nations, had not been entertained.

“Where should the line be drawn?” she asked.

When asked whether the foreign ministry was applying “typical diplomatic tactics” by citing “protocol and etiquette over common sense and humanity”, Julin replied:

“I have respect for those who consider this wrong, but I am perhaps a little surprised that it has gained so much attention now. I have not heard the same protests when the parliament opens each year.”

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EUROPEAN UNION

‘EU needs to deliver as values crisis looms’

Europe is in the midst of a values crisis, argues Sweden's EU Affairs Minister Birgitta Ohlsson, who believes it's time for European Union and Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso to act as he delivers his 2013 State of the Union speech on Wednesday.

'EU needs to deliver as values crisis looms'

In the shadow of the economic crisis we are witnessing a values crisis in Europe. Europe’s major populist, xenophobic, and nationalist parties have, on average, almost doubled in national elections in recent years.

In many Member States during recent years we have seen attacks on freedom of the press, rule of law, and fundamental democratic principles. Pride parades are being banned in EU capitals, the Roma are often treated as second class citizens, and we still have challenges regarding islamophobia, anti-Semitism, and racism.

Safeguarding the values of the European Union is more crucial than ever.

A year ago, you presented, as President of the European Commission, your 2012 State of the Union address. You emphasized, very importantly, the need for a Europe with strong support for human rights:

“It is time to learn the lessons from history and write a better future for our Europe. A Europe that stands by its values…A political union also means that we must strengthen the foundations on which our Union is built: the respect for our fundamental values, for the rule of law and democracy.

Last year, you also had the courage to criticize the sad development in some EU Member States.

“In recent months we have seen threats to the legal and democratic fabric in some of our European states. The European Parliament and the Commission were the first to raise the alarm and played the decisive role in seeing these worrying developments brought into check. But these situations also revealed limits of our institutional arrangements.”

And you presented an idea for a solution:

“We need a better developed set of instruments– not just the alternative between the “soft power” of political persuasion and the “nuclear option” of article 7 of the Treaty.

Some of these European values have become victims of the crisis. Just as we need rules to stabilize Member States’ budgets, we need to improve respect for human rights, rule of law, and fundamental values.

As early as in 2003, the Commission tabled a communication on article 7, with an ambition to monitor the respect for human rights and swiftly react to violations.

This issue was discussed twice in the General Affairs Council during the 2013 Irish Presidency, and several Member States have requested the Commission to come up with a new communication on how to improve monitoring of human rights and rule of law.

I look forward to listening to your speech today. It’s time to deliver, President Barroso!’

Birgitta Ohlsson

Minister for EU Affairs, Sweden

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