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WEAPONS

Swedish weapons used by Iraqi army

Iraqi soldiers are using Swedish-made anti-tank weapons after having received the equipment from the US military, in direct contravention of bilateral arms exports agreements, according to Sveriges Radio's news bulletin Ekot on Thursday.

Swedish weapons used by Iraqi army

“First and foremost, we shall have a look at the information and analyse the consequences,” Andreas Ekman Duse, director-general of the Swedish Agency for Non-Proliferation and Export Controls (Inspektionen för Strategiska Produkter – ISP), told The Local on Thursday.

The agency is responsible for controlling Swedish arms exports and ensuring that agreements are met. Ekman Duse said that it was too early to draw conclusions on whether the US had broken agreements regarding the Pansarskott 86 recoilless anti-tank weapon.

“What I can say is that Ekot’s report includes interviews with an American soldier with who claims to have witnesses that Swedish weapons can have been handed over (to the Iraqis). If this is shown to be the case then we will contact the US authorities,” Ekman Duse said.

Social Democratic foreign policy spokesperson Urban Ahlin has demanded that ISP be called before the foreign policy committee of Sweden’s parliament, the Riksdag, to explain what has occurred.

“If final end user license agreements are not respected, then it could lead to Swedish weapons being dispersed uncontrolled around the world,” Ahlin said in a statement.

Ekman Duse told The Local that the agency was prepared to submit its findings to the Riksdag.

“If the foreign policy committee summons us, then of course we will come,” he said.

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SECURITY

Lund professor freed student from Islamic State war zone

A chemistry professor at Lund University dispatched a team of mercenaries into an Islamic State (also known as IS, Isis or Daesh) war zone to free one of her doctoral students and his family.

Lund professor freed student from Islamic State war zone
Kurdish pershmerga fighters during the battle to retake the Yazidi homeland Mount Sinjar in 2015. File photo: Bram Jansse/AP/TT
Charlotta Turner, professor in Analytical Chemistry, received a text message from her student Firas Jumaah in 2014 telling her to to assume he would not finish his thesis if he had not returned within a week. 
 
He and his family were, he told her, hiding out in a disused bleach factory, with the sounds of gunshots from Isis warriors roaming the town reverberating around them. Jumaah, who is from Iraq, is a member of the ethno-religious group Yazidi hated by Isis. 
 
“I had no hope then at all,” Jumaah told Lund's University Magazine LUM. “I was desperate. I just wanted to tell my supervisor what was happening. I had no idea that a professor would be able to do anything for us.” 
 
Jumaah had voluntarily entered the war zone after his wife had rung him to say that Isis fighters had taken over the next-door village, killing all the men and taking the women into slavery.
 
“My wife was totally panicking. Everyone was shocked at how IS were behaving,” he said. “I took the first plane there to be with them. What sort of life would I have if anything had happened to them there?”
 
But Turner was not willing to leave her student to die without trying to do something. 
 
“What was happening was completely unacceptable,” she told LUM. “I got so angry that IS was pushing itself into our world, exposing my doctoral student and his family to this, and disrupting the research.” 
 
She contacted the university's then security chief Per Gustafson.  
 
“It was almost as if he'd been waiting for this kind of mission,” Turner said. “Per Gustafson said that we had a transport and security deal which stretched over the whole world.” 
 
Over a few days of intense activity, Gustafson hired a security company which then arranged the rescue operation. 
 
A few days later two Landcruisers carrying four heavily-armed mercenaries roared into the area where Jumaah was hiding, and sped him away to Erbil Airport together with his wife and two small children. 
 
“I have never felt so privileged, so VIP,” Jumaah told LUM. “But at the same time I felt like a coward as I left my mother and sisters behind me.” 
 
Firas Jumaah and his former PHD supervisor Charlotta Turner. Photo: Kennet Ruona
 
Luckily the rest of his family survived Isis occupation, while Jumaah back in Sweden completed his PhD and now works for a pharmaceuticals company in Malmö. The family has almost finished paying the university back for the rescue operation.
 
“It was a unique event. As far as I know no other university has ever been involved in anything like it,” Gustafson said. 
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