Swedish companies spend less on R&D

Swedish companies spend less on R&D
Swedish enterprises are spending less on research and development, with the majority of spending concentrated in the country's metropolitan areas.

Spending on research and development among companies fell 2.6 billion kronor ($374.24 million) from 2007 to 78 billion kronor last year. However, the expenditures amounted to a 2.53 percent share of Sweden’s GDP, a boost from 2.47 percent in 2007 in constant prices and at 2009’s price levels.

Goods-producing enterprises increased their R&D expenses by roughly 2 billion kronor from 2007 to 2009, Statistics Sweden reported on Thursday. However, service-producing enterprises reduced their R&D expenses in the same time period by 5 billion kronor.

In 2009, 44 percent of all R&D expenses were within the industries of “manufacturing of computer electronics and optical equipment” and “motor vehicles and other transport means.”

R&D activities of Swedish enterprises were carried out across Sweden and especially highly concentrated in the counties of large metropolitan cities.

A total of 58 percent of R&D expenditures took place in Stockholm and Västra Götaland, where Gothenburg is located, counties. Along with Skåne and Östergötland counties, enterprises in these four counties accounted for 82 percent of all R&D expenditures across the country.

Other counties of note included Uppsala, Jönkoping, Örebro and Västmanland. At the bottom of the list was Gotland, which only spent 9 million kronor on R&D in 2009.

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