The suggestion was made on the condition that the activities do not prevent employees from doing their job and do not violate any of the Armed Forces' rules for internet use.
The directive, a copy of which has been reviewed by The Local, singles out blogs, communities, web forums, wikis and online games as media that staff are actively encouraged to use during work hours.
According to the document, a majority of Swedish internet users up to the age of 45 are members of a social network. The largest of them is Facebook, with 3.7 million Swedish members, according to a measurement last year. In addition, one-fifth of all Swedes aged 16 to 25 read blogs on a daily basis.
"Studies show a clear trend: among internet media, the use of social media has showed the largest increase," wrote Erik Lagersten, the Armed Forces' communications director.
He added that social media are also valued sources of information.
"We place great faith in the opinions and recommendations from friends and other consumers on the internet. Communication in social media is to a large degree based on different people's own experiences and by and large, everyone can contribute to it," wrote Lagersten.
"The large number of interests, votes and messages create a venue with breadth, depth, independence and openness," he added.
Lagersten argued that the Armed Forces are broadly represented and discussed in social media outlets, including online games, online communities, forums and blogs.
Those who have an interest in the Armed Forces or are affected by the agency, including employees, likely use social media to contribute to society's image of what the armed forces are doing and the degree of the authority's success.
The Armed Forces have a formal presence in public social media, such as on Facebook and YouTube, in order to increase awareness in society about the military and create the conditions for an open debate on its missions and operations.
In addition, the Swedish military also monitors communications in public social media as part of its overall surveillance, in addition to evaluate its own activities. It also uses it to streamline its operations and business practices, such as support for distance education or its own IT environment.
One prohibition is that staff will be barred from discussing matters relating to specific individuals in social media.
The directive was addressed to the military's division of strategic communications and marketing communications, which has until February 3rd to respond.