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EMPLOYMENT

Sweden’s job coach system a ‘fiasco’: report

Less than 17 percent of participants in the Swedish labour market job coach scheme gain a regular job after receiving help, a report published by TV4 on Tuesday showed.

Sweden's job coach system a 'fiasco': report

Sweden’s National Employment Agency (Arbetsförmedlingen – AF) claims that as many as 40 percent secured jobs after they joined the three-month job coach program, but that figure is reported to include hourly-paid and temporary staff who are still looking for jobs.

The Swedish government has allocated a total of 3 billion kronor ($466 million) to the venture, with 1.2 billion disbursed so far.

According to an internal evaluation by AF the effects of the job coach system remained “unclear”.

AF makes no distinction between the results of job seekers who have received internal or external job coaching.

“Job seekers who have had coach have received a higher number of internships, but to a lesser extent have found a job in comparison with job seekers who have not been given coaching,” AF wrote in a statement.

“I think you have to look at coaching in a slightly broader perspective before deciding on whether this was right or wrong,” said Clas Olsson, AF analysis manager. at a press briefing on the evaluation.

Olsson drew attention to the gloomy economic situation in the autumn of 2008, when the decision to launch the billion kronor investment in job coaches was taken.

“Some form of increase in resources were needed, and then the coaches fitted in pretty well,” Olsen said Olsen, adding that the results were somewhat unexpected.

“I had probably expected a slight positive effect in the light of what has been concluded in other studies,” he said.

According to AF’s own figures, 37 percent, nearly four out of ten, earned a job 90 days after the completion of coaching. This figure includes temporary staff and other part-time unemployed.

The employment minister, Hillevi Engström, is not fully satisfied with the outcome of the focus on job coaches, but is neither directly dissatisfied:

“Of course, I would have preferred that there were more (who had found work). But we have also had a labour market crisis.”

“Eight out of ten participants were satisfied or very satisfied to have been able to be given individually tailored support, which many can not get anywhere else. So for that reason, I think this was a positive reform.”

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READER QUESTIONS

Reader question: When am I eligible for a Swedish pension?

A reader got in touch to ask how long he had to work in Sweden before he was eligible for a pension. Here are Sweden's pension rules, and how you can get your pension when the time comes.

Reader question: When am I eligible for a Swedish pension?

The Swedish pension is part of the country’s social insurance system, and it can seem like a confusing beast at times. The good news is that if you’re living and working here, you’ll almost certainly be earning towards a pension, and you’ll be able to get that money even if you move elsewhere before retirement.

You will start earning your Swedish general pension, or allmän pension, once you’ve earned over 20,431 kronor in a single year, and – for almost all kinds of pension in Sweden – there is no time limit on how long you must have lived in Sweden before you are eligible.

The exception is the minimum guarantee pension, or garantipension, which you can receive whether you’ve worked or not. To be eligible at all for this, you need to have lived in Sweden for a period of at least three years before you are 65 years old. 

“There’s a limit, but it’s a money limit,” Johan Andersson, press secretary at the Swedish Pension Agency told The Local about the general pension. “When you reach the point that you start paying tax, you start paying into your pension.”

“But you have to apply for your pension, make sure you get in touch with us when you want to start receiving it,” he said.

Here’s our in-depth guide on how you can maximise your Swedish pension, even if you’re only planning on staying in Sweden short-term.

Those who spend only a few years working in Sweden will earn a much smaller pension than people who work here for their whole lives, but they are still entitled to something – people who have worked in Sweden will keep their income pension, premium pension, supplementary pension and occupational pension that they have earned in Sweden, even if they move to another country. The pension is paid no matter where in the world you live, but must be applied for – it is not automatically paid out at retirement age.

If you retire in the EU/EEA, or another country with which Sweden has a pension agreement, you just need to apply to the pension authority in your country of residence in order to start drawing your Swedish pension. If you live in a different country, you should contact the Swedish Pensions Agency for advice on accessing your pension, which is done by filling out a form (look for the form called Ansök om allmän pension – om du är bosatt utanför Sverige).

The agency recommends beginning the application process at least three months before you plan to take the pension, and ideally six months beforehand if you live abroad. It’s possible to have the pension paid into either a Swedish bank account or an account outside Sweden.

A guarantee pension – for those who live on a low income or no income while in Sweden – can be paid to those living in Sweden, an EU/EEA country, Switzerland or, in some cases, Canada. This is the only Swedish pension which is affected by how long you’ve lived in Sweden – you can only receive it if you’ve lived in the country for at least three years before the age of 65.

“The guarantee pension is residence based,” Andersson said. “But it’s lower if you haven’t lived in Sweden for at least 40 years. You are eligible for it after living in Sweden for only three years, but it won’t be that much.”

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