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'Lower wages will give more immigrants jobs'

The Local · 7 Jun 2011, 14:24

Published: 07 Jun 2011 14:24 GMT+02:00

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Having a job not only brings an income, but it is also serves as a way for people to build their professional networks and skills. For those who have migrated to a new country, work is an important bridge to the new country's culture and an opportunity to develop skills in their new language. Employment is therefore important not only for economic security, but also a prerequisite for successful integration.

The WSP Analysis and Strategy consulting firm has therefore been commissioned by the liberal Swedish think tank Timbro to conduct an evaluation of Swedish integration policy. The aim has been to answer the question as to whether current policy is sufficient to eventually reach the goal of full employment among Sweden's foreign-born.

Today, the employment rate for foreign-born workers in Sweden is 61.8 percent, far below the rest of the population's level of 76.5 percent. The rate is particularly low among foreign-born women, for whom the employment rate is 56.5 percent and which has fallen in 2010.

In our report "Bidrag - vägen till arbete?" ('Benefits - the way to work?), we identified four key explanatory factors for the lower employment rates among Sweden's foreign-born.

Foreign-born earnings are on average much lower in the first years in Sweden before later increasing. This is due to the relocation factor, namely that a person's human capital is initially less valued in a new country than at home. This is because language and social skills, personal networks and the like, to some extent become useless with a move.

Our study shows that the relocation factor increases the more culturally and linguistically distant a country is. For example, immigrants from Asia and Africa in Sweden earn on average earned incomes of 86,000 and 95,000 kronor per year ($13,960 and $15,420), respectively, after five to nine years in Sweden, while the corresponding level for a newly arrived immigrant from the northern hemisphere is 205,000 kronor. The relocation factor, of course, also affects Swedes moving abroad - most of them would have an easier time finding a new job in Oslo than in Mogadishu.

The merit factor describes how employers have a hard time judging the merits of a foreign-born worker. Most employers have less knowledge of higher education standards in other countries and language barriers also make it difficult to take references from previous employers. According to the study, there is also a trend for employers to weed out applications from foreign-born workers. Meanwhile, the general trend of discrimination in Sweden is significantly lower than in other countries.

The third factor is the wage factor. The high minimum wages in Sweden exclude people who, because they are immigrants for example, have a lower productivity when entering the labour market. The work they can perform is simply not valued at the same level as the lowest wages currently agreed upon between unions and employers.

High unemployment among immigrants is not a natural law; in countries with a significantly lower minimum wage than Sweden, employment levels among the foreign-born are often the same as those for people born in the country, or even higher.

The fourth factor is the incentive factor, which deals with welfare benefits that can counteract pro-work policies. The Swedish social welfare system can work against the incentive to find a job for large groups of foreign-born because, on the margin, they earn little or nothing more by working than they would by remaining on benefits.

This is of course also the case for native-born Swedes as well, but the relocation factor reinforces this tendency. One consequence of this is that up to 12 percent of Sweden's foreign-born receive some form of income support, compared with 2 percent for people born in Sweden.

The study also examines how Swedish integration policy is currently designed.

Swedish integration policy has a very clear focus on the relocation and merit factors, by providing language training, employment training and validation measures. In the 2008-2009 academic year, for example, just over 110,000 foreign-born took Swedish For Immigrants (SFI) languages classes and 70,000 were enrolled in adult education programmes. At the same time, Sweden's National Public Employment Service (Arbetsförmedlingen) provides different types of work traineeships, wage subsidized employment opportunities, and validation measures.

Measures to mitigate the effects of the relocation and merit factors are both extensive and generous. The conclusion of our study is that further action in these areas will not result in anything more than marginal effects on employment levels of Sweden's foreign-born.

On the other hand, very little has been done to tackle the wage factor. Wage formation is the responsibility of labour market parties, but politicians who see the problem can also take up the discussion with unions and employers.

Awareness of the incentive factor has, however, increased. The government declared in December 2010 that it had "broken with the dependency mentality" and has introduced a full-time attendance-requirement for newcomers participating in establishment measures in order for them to receive full compensation.

The government has also introduced an option for newly arrived refugees participating in establishment programmes to maintain an income of 8,000 kronor per month without having their establishment benefits reduced. This is good, but the measure only covers 1 to 2 percent of the approximately one million foreign-born people of working age living in Sweden.

Despite increased awareness of the incentive factor, there is much to be done to strengthen pro-work policies within the benefit system. Special focus should be placed on encouraging foreign-born women to enter the labour market.

Story continues below…

The conclusion of the study is that current integration policy, with a focus on comprehensive reception measures, is inadequate. This policy has been in place for decades and has no potential to increase employment more than very marginally.

The reason is that improvements in the reception system for newly-arrived immigrants have little use if there isn't a labour market that takes over when the reception measures end.

In order to reduce unemployment among immigrants, the focus should instead be on reforms in wages and incentive factors: general reforms that encourage more jobs with lower requirements for language skills and a clearer pro-work approach within the benefits' systems.

Such a policy has - in contrast to the current policy - a good position to reduce social exclusion among immigrants in Sweden.

This article was originally published in Swedish on the Newsmill opinion website. English translation by The Local

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Your comments about this article

15:45 June 7, 2011 by Marc the Texan
Higher productivity brings better standards of living. Shouldn't this be Sweden's direction? Why you would want to focus on lower wages is beyond me. Are you looking to compete with countries that have much lower living standards? Because that's where lower wages takes you. If you want better living standards and want to remain a leading nation, then the focus should be on improving productivity. Productivity in the economic sense. Chasing low wages is a one-way trip to the poor house. The more poor immigrants there are who can get low wage jobs means the more poor immigrants will be attracted to Sweden. The more jobs available at low wages, the more wage erosion will occur further up the pay scale to higher wage jobs. This is how labor supply works. Do you not understand that? Yeah overall it's better to a larger number of people, because this includes all the poor external immigrants getting a leg up. But the average Swede will become poorer. I think this comes down to where your interests lie. With global cpital or the Swedish nation.
16:34 June 7, 2011 by StuartM
But there's no official minimum wage in Sweden, rather most workers fall under collective bargaining agreements but some don't and can therefore, as far as I'm aware, be paid whatever pitifully low wage they're willing to put up with. Timbro are a bunch of extreme neoliberals who exist purely to serve the interests of large corporations so I can understand why they would want to make it even easier for employers to exploit their workers. I can't however understand why any ordinary Swede would see their agenda as a good idea. Basically they want foreign workers to be used as a cheap surplus labour force which serves to pull down the pay and conditions of everyone in Sweden. It might make the country a more attractive destination for migrants from poor countries in Eastern Europe and elsewhere but it will be a disaster for the Swedish working class and yet another blow to the once powerful labour movement.
18:44 June 7, 2011 by swedejane
Let's see, three articles posted here today are about child poverty, record numbers of new immigrants, and the problem of immigrants finding a living wage job. Are these possibly related? I'm not anti-immigrant in the least, but there needs to be an intelligent immigration policy. Sweden can't simply throw open the gates and allow every refugee in the world to come here. First, it's not great for the immigrant seeing as how they have to come to this strange land, not knowing the language, likely with very little education and low likelihood of finding a job. Second, it's not good for Sweden. Sweden should encourage educated people to move here...those who can hit the ground running so to speak, and can contribute, but it seems like if they're not actively discouraging this they're certainly not doing all they could to encourage it.

It all seems rather strange to me.
19:18 June 7, 2011 by Horace
I don't think that a lower minimum wage equates to a lower overall standard of living. There are places with an overall high quality of life but also way lower or no minimum wages such as Hong Kong and Singapore. Of course they also have a much larger range of wealth. Depends on the style of the place I guess.

In my opinion, a lot of people in Sweden, immigrants and natives, would be better off taking a low end job than sit at home doing nothing. I think a lot of places could use more/better Swedish teachers, street cleaners, tram drivers, etc.
20:40 June 7, 2011 by helveeta
@Swedejane, your thoughts are mine exactly. I am not racist or anti immigrant at all but just find it strange that Sweden's lowest common denominator is getting lower by its own choosing. You're also right in that it not only makes problems for those who currently live and function here, but puts those who can't do so in a strange and unhappy place.

Not sure what will happen this isn't looking good....
23:41 June 7, 2011 by Nemesis
This is a way to ensure that all immigrants are looked upon as slave labour.

It is illegal under EU law and the people with this nazi mindset should be prosecuted. They are slave traders, nothing else.
02:21 June 8, 2011 by Swedesmith
Swedejane, you noticed the same theme in today's news as I did. A little spin from the spin doctors to promote an agenda.
07:10 June 8, 2011 by Rick Methven
@Swedejane "Sweden should encourage educated people to move here...those who can hit the ground running so to speak, and can contribute,"

The problem is that even the immigrants from other EU countries with education and skills find it hard to get a job. Sweden's workforce problem is not today but in the future with an ageing population. It seems that the policy is to have an open door policy so that the children of the current new immigrants will be educated in Sweden and then replace the retiring Swedes.
07:48 June 8, 2011 by engagebrain
why Sweden does not have a minimum wage that applies to all sectors is beyond me.

A minimum wage reflects a standard that nobody should fall below - obviously relevant to child poverty.

A decent minimum wage also encourages the use of technology the only basis which Sweden can compete in the world.
10:21 June 8, 2011 by Blueshine
Three points:

1. This article belongs to Economy 101, a classical right wing non-sense discussions. Historically, this argument comes from the slavery owners. The trick: it is true, but not is the positive direction: during slavery the the total unemployment was very low or non-existence, but the the conditions were inhumane.

2. Sweden DOES NOT have minimum wage, salaries levels are dictated by the market.

3. Swedish think tank Timbro is NOT LIBERAL (as states at the summary), it is a right wing association. It is LIBERTARIAN which is VERY DIFFERENT. It is like CATO Institute and other psyco-organizations promoting slave-like economies.
03:33 June 9, 2011 by Grokh
this kind of line of thought is idiotic.

Slavery also gives everyone jobs lets try that then ?

or lets lower a countries standards just so companies can exploit even poorer countries while destroying middle class.

But then again isnt that what all countries are going for these days?

tax reductions for billionaires who dont even pay taxes to begin with, But hell no if u only get minimum wage then u should get less. -_-x.
10:44 June 9, 2011 by 2394040
Hey! It works here in the USA! We allowed a flood of immigrants in here, and now most everyone is earning less and less; not just immigrants.

And of course, by following this line of thinking, the rich end up earning more and more here. But then they instigated the flood.

When you decide to make changes of this sort, it pays to look at past history. This is not a new idea. It has been tried (especially here) before, and the result is ALWAYS the same: the rich end up with more, and everyone else ends up with less. As any good historian will tell you, the first lesson of history is: we NEVER learn from it.
13:38 June 9, 2011 by Puffin
@ Blueshire

I think that the article is using the term "liberal" in its original Europeans sense rather than the Americanization of the term

Originally liberalism was based on a philosphy f individual freedom, capitalism and free trade etc

Although I realise that in the US it is used as a type of short hand for "left-wing"
14:13 June 9, 2011 by rafa1981
@swedejane: I agree with all but one thing, the immigration policy is intelligent, just not for you and for me and for the working class and small-middle sized employer, it is intelligent for the same big players of always.

@Rick Methven: I'm also an EU immigrant, I think that having education doesn't warrantee anything, it is just a paper that says that you reached a level of something, if there's no demand of that education in the place you moved to it will be hard. Of course I wish you luck with your job search, don't demoralize, the Swedish job market it is very slow from when you send the CV until you have an interview.

As in the US, I've seen similar headlines not so long ago in Spain in the beginnings of the real estate bubble, now all that cheap labour that dumped the salaries of some sectors it is unemployed and living on welfare (the leftovers of it), everything is worth to let the predating bankers create more fiat papers and enslave people (useful idiots) with chains in the form of mortgages. BTW, in Spain you can not return the asset, the debt is for life and hereditary.
18:12 June 9, 2011 by jacquelinee
Lets ask the question, Who makes the laws? Answer politicians and governing agencies. Lets ask the question, How many poor people do you see working as politicians or in government law making adgenicies? Lets ask the question- How many of these afore said have poor or low wage earning friends? Lets ask the question, Who do YOU think will become more poor from lowering wages for low wage earners, The PLOTiticians and their pals or the already struggling low income wage earner trying to live paycheck to paycheck?
00:32 June 10, 2011 by technoviking
@laura kebab will clean your bathroom for only a bowl of dates and a "temporary marriage" night with your most attractive goat.
11:19 June 10, 2011 by What?
We should get rid of all the immigrants and I'd be happy to do a cleaning job for 200 SEK /hour !!

Send them back home and spend the tax money on something PRODUCTIVE!
13:01 June 11, 2011 by jomamas
This is exactly where the communists and the capitalists agree.

Capitalists want immigrants to keep wages low.

Communists want to give away their nations identity to hoards of brown people from lands afar.

Look around folks - there will be no more Sweden in one generation.

This will happen, it happened to me. I am from Toronto, Canada, where the foreign born population is about 60% not including illegals, which means there's little 'Canadian' about this 'Canadian' town.

I don't know who I hate more - the self-hating communists, or the greedy capitalists.
13:29 June 11, 2011 by Bill Clausen
I agree with what jomamas posted on 13:01 June 11, 2011. I live in California and I've seen first-hand the "benefits" of the de facto open border of the U.S. A dramatic rise in crime--especially gang violence--schools that no longer can function because it's too hard to educate kids who are not motivated to do well in school because we are getting the least educated people Mexico has, overcrowding in our schools and everywhere else, and...(drum roll please) this is actually hurting the Mexican people. As long as the U.S., Sweden, and other countries act as lifeboats for countries that refuse to improve themselves, those countries will continue to get worse. We're not doing these people any favors. Also, the phony "progressives" talk about compassion but they are hypocrites; they talk out one side of their mouth about how it's racist to discourage unlimited numbers of people from coming into their countries, yet have no problem defending the idea that all these people are good for is cheap labor so these people are the real racists.
15:21 June 11, 2011 by Marc the Texan
@engagebrain. Good point on minimum wage. A minimum wage that is livable is a great way to encourage labor saving technology, thus improving productivity and often improving working conditions.

@2394040. Also good points. Lot's of American farmers are still using 1960's technology because the oversupply of farm labor is never able to be absorbed. The stream of illegals that get paid the 'farm worker minimum wage' which is actually legal and lower than the minimum wage for most other work has allowed farmers to get by without the need for upgrading technology. So taxpayers have to make up the costs for supporting workers who really can't pay their own freight because wages are way to low. This also goes for companies like Walmart. The taxpayer foots the bill for all their employees that are broke and need healthcare. The bottom line is that taxpayers subsidize big business employee costs when they don't pay living wages or provide healthcare. This problem will never be solved with huge amounts of excess labor flowing into the US.
13:59 June 13, 2011 by BigBilly
Pay them nothing and they'll all want to work .....
20:46 June 13, 2011 by Carbarrister
Unless you are working for the Government or a state subsidized industry labor cost is just one more component of cost of goods sold in a private concern that has to cover its costs or go out of business. It doesn't matter whether there is a government imposed minimum wage or whether the wage was negotiated by a union. If government wants to subsidize less productive workers, immigrant or otherwise, well that is a matter of Government policy and voters. Productivity is important if it can make up the difference but if not jobs will leave the country to where labor costs are lower. Of course the concern can go out of business and everyone can go on welfare.
22:41 June 13, 2011 by jacquelinee
@ what

I am sure you woulfd be happy to be paid 200:- a hour, but, as for "work"? HMMM Lets see...between cell phone calls, fika, worrying about fika, planning fika, lunch, worrying about lunch, planning lunch, quitting time, figuring out an excuse to leave early, leaving early,there might be some time for a little work IF you are not asked to multi task because, as we know, doing more than 1 thing at a time is just too stressful for a Swede.
09:15 June 14, 2011 by Lavaux
The relocation and merit factors are more relevant for highly educated and skilled immigrants like me - an American lawyer. In my case, however, there's still another factor that's not mentioned, i.e. there's a vanishingly small market for my services in this jurisdiction. As a result, I've got to do something other than represent and advise clients in legal matters, and I can't expect Swedish employers to understand my unique (exotic) skill set and experience or how to put them to work in their enterprises.

Sweden is a very small country of homogenous people, most of whose ancestors were on the farm two generations ago. Consequently, a significant percentage of the value of human capital is comprised of cultural and lingual competence, i.e. can one fit into the group and contribute to the fika babble? My advice to fellow expats is to learn these skills ASAP.
21:45 June 14, 2011 by SOUTHLONDON
The bottom line is this,Sweden wants to keep the country swedish,it recognises that immigrants will be very prominent in this country in the next 25 years if they give them the chance to get the jobs which they are qualified for,they use the classic excuse "you dont speak swedish" BS,the fact that i dont look swedish & maybe more qualified Definatly more experienced than them bothers the hell out of them.

@Nemisis u r right.........

They give free education but then u end up sweeping the floor..........

Sweden wants to keep Swedish not multi cultrual...............

The whole swedish thinking,laws & cultual is geared up for the swwdish ONLY....dont like progress,DIFFERENT,..........................Well listen to this EVERY THING MUST CHANGE,NOTHING STAYS THE SAME.
09:35 June 16, 2011 by infidel2012
Just like Sweden to follow the footsteps of it's big brother America.

However, Regardless of a person's immigration status, if they're qualified with the proper credentials, then they should earn the same amount the next person does, but this apparently only would happen in a utopian society.

There is such a thing in Sweden called 'Practical Training' or 'Aprentinceship' for those less qualified in order to be hired on for permanent positions.

Hiring on immigrants just to keep the wages low sends a wrong message and could create economic problems in the future.
12:01 June 16, 2011 by jacquelinee
@ infidel2012

What is wrong with this statement "Hiring on immigrants just to keep the wages low sends a wrong message and could create economic problems in the future."????? IT IS OBVIOUS! If you hire a swede to do a job you have to pay them properly. However, if you hire an immigrant it is fine to pay them far less. ARE YOU SERIOUS???? YOU SEE NOTHING WRONG WITH THIS STATEMENT??????? Of course they should earn the same, as you said. But, as long as the government turns a blind eye or develops "Think Tanks" to figure out ways to discriminate completely, employers will see no problem in this double standard. Listen, I am no advocate of people milking the system. This DOES happen within the immigrant community. Abusing policies and programs put in place to protect people in need is nothing new. But there are a LOT of able bodied Swedes sitting on their hineys collecting welfare or taking some class (any class) just to get the financial payout. You have the honest, there are hard working, productive Swedes AND immigrants. AND, you have the lazy ass, users and abusers in immigants AND SWEDES. How about a "Think Tank" for getting the able bodied Swedes to put down their "Norrlunds Guld or Aquavit" get their lazy asses off welfare and get them out cleaning some toilets or something? Don't kid yourself, race or country of origin has no monopoly on laziness. But this double standard of wages is just bulls--t. As a woman, I know ALL about lower wages for the same work.
18:34 June 17, 2011 by TheOneWhoTravels
Comment removed by The Local for breach of our terms.
17:15 June 19, 2011 by UKperson66
Also slavery would boost employment figures among foreign born, why not just pay all us foreigners nothing, take the benefits and then say "We're doing you second class citizens a favour, lap it up!"
15:10 June 20, 2011 by skatty
There has been an article about the unemployment rate for refugees (data from Länsstyrelsen) published in THE LOCAL:


According to Länsstyrelsen , 44% of refugees who arrived in Sweden in the last decade were employed after 9 years in the country (54% in Stockholm compare with76% of overall population in Stockholm); and less than 20% of refugees with some form of post-secondary education have a job which corresponds with their level of education. The annual income of refugees is something around 39% less than Swedes after eight years life and fulfilling the required qualification in similar positions.

Now the believe of Timbro is that lower wage will give more jobs to immigrants, even after eight years of educations in Sweden (language, University, …) and all different obstacles, the immigrants (who are mostly refugees) have much lower incomes than Swedes, without even considering that less than 20% have actually a job, which match with their education level!

Now, according to the Länsstyrelsen, the average age of accepted refugee-immigrant in Sweden is around 27 to 30 years old (page 15 in the report). If you add an extra nine years struggle for an immigrant, the productivity years of an immigrant would be 23 to 25 years (by the retirement age of 65). This is compared with a Swede, who has 44 to 47 years of time to earn money (if start at the age 18 plus 3 years education, retired 65). The immigrant should compete with a Swede with already 39% lower wage at the age 40, and we know in Sweden people feel already to inter retirement by the age 50!

As a matter of fact a refugee-immigrant has no more than 10 to 15 years of ability in to be really productive, if and just if every things works smoothly. I mean no lay off, no discrimination, no racism, no illness, not any accident; just a pure productivity calculation according to age! The refugee-immigrants would be in their grave at the time of receiving to the equal salary compared with a Swede!
19:34 June 20, 2011 by jacquelinee
And lets not forget the fact as well, that although an immigrant worker may pay into the pension 100%, they have to have lived in Sweden for 40 years to receive a full pension. Otherwise it is 40% of the pension. So roughly 40% lower wages and 60% less pension. You do the math! No wonder the governmant wants more immigrants in the work force. Bend over iimigrant workers, you are about to ger scr--ed while the Swedes whine about how easy you have it.
17:50 June 21, 2011 by Grävling
So far, I have noticed that the Swede's want all the culture from these interesting and different cultures, but they don't want to pay for it. They want new and clever ways of making more people come to sweden, but they don't want to pay for it.

I looks to me like they are just a bit lazy and the whole system suffers form nepotism in favor of other Swedes. It's a shame because it is a nice place, but these sorts of policies will only breed segregation.
13:51 June 23, 2011 by rohermoker
The argue the same here in the US. The liberals want cheep votes, and the consertives want cheep labor, and if the imigrants raise a stink ship them back.
10:09 June 25, 2011 by Taxlady
How behind the rest of the world Sweden is with still no minimum wage or poverty threshold in place.
12:01 June 27, 2011 by hjoian
its all very wel us voicing our opinions,but what good does it do? Do you really think anyone who has any control over these matters reads this forum? You dont need to be a rocket scientist to know the practises that are in place at the moment will end up with Sweden being a very uncomfortable place to live. These policies are unustainable ,Sweden is an expensive place to live,you cant lower wages for one particular segment of the population and not get a back-lash at some point, its also highly questionable,both morally and legally. Already a few friends have sold up and returned to the UK,that says something!
12:43 June 28, 2011 by cogito
@ #15 and 24 Jacqueline

16:52 July 1, 2011 by Icarusty
The exploited immigrants will stop coming when businesses stop using profit as their primary incentive
14:24 July 8, 2011 by alecLoTh
Im not Swedish, I cant compete in Swedish with anyone here, but in other arenas I'm a Toastmasters regular, chair of my local debating society back home, programmer extraordinaire and guess how long it took me to get a job here...just guess.

Anyway, I didnt come here for no handout. I earn my money on the internet in other countries, I pay tax, I smile and play the fool at gatherings here, but I see through all this facade. Its not about whether you're white or black - if you're not Swedish you're not in the game - simple.

Many Swedes who wish to take pity on me soon end the conversation with me upon realising Im not an EU hobo looking for freebies, but a mentally astute and educated person - I wonder what bothers them.They seem to prefer me if I had a torn past and poor background, preferably with no education and a social disfunction of some sort.
14:49 July 8, 2011 by stuartmayes
A two tier salary structure (one for nationals and one for immigrants) is not the way forward. A fair wage should be paid regardless of who does the job.
20:53 July 9, 2011 by i know nothing
When ever the topic of immigration is raised up in Sweden focus is highlighted on the refugees and less educated immigrants. How many of the higly educated immigrants get a befiting job after arrival here. I have lots of friends who even after recieving their masters degrees in Sweden can only work as newspaper distributors or taxi drivers but immeiately to move to another countries they get a white collar job. At the begining they will use the normal excuse "Du ska lära dig Svenska". I've learnt Swedish, did a course as a Shop sales person but that couldn't even get me a "Praktik". Yet i see unqualified youngsters who should be in school out there working as if they are being forced to. From my observation of Sweden the despite some lack of concrete integration policies the problem is deepened by the fact that most Swedes are very Nepotic and rather employ an unqualified Swede than a qualified foreigner. A low wage to immigrants is just a slap on the face.
11:27 July 12, 2011 by glamelixir
Why does this article pop up in The Local's front page time after time?
11:11 July 13, 2011 by jacquelinee
@ alecLoTh

EXACTLY! And I am wondering also why this keeps popping up on the front page??? The article is from June 11th.
11:20 July 13, 2011 by glamelixir
I suggest those of us who believe that the local is a lame site, lacking journalistic experience and with a marked tendency towards private interest, start a new site.

I mean, after all we only read the local because it is - somehow - in English. So, it is time for free competition.
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Swedish school to build gender neutral changing room
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‘Extremism can't be defeated on the battlefield alone’
Nobel Prize 2016: Literature
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Stockholm: creating solutions to global challenges
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'There was no future for me in Turkey'
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Where is the Swedish music industry heading?
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'Swedish startups should embrace newcomers' talents - there's nothing to fear'
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Last chance to vote absentee in the US elections
How far right are the Sweden Democrats?
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Sweden unveils Europe's first elk hut
People-watching: October 7th-9th
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Syria's White Helmets: The Nobel Peace Prize would have meant a lot, but pulling a child from rubble is the greatest reward
Missing rune stone turns up in Sweden
Nobel Prize 2016: Chemistry
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