Most refugees jobless after 9 years: report

Refugees arriving to Sweden face difficulties finding work, with 56 percent still looking for a job after nine years in the country, a new report shows.

The report, undertaken by the Stockholm’s County Administrative Board (Länsstyrelsen) and published on Monday, also reveals that refugees who end up in the Stockholm area have had better luck finding work in comparison to refugees in other parts of the country.

On average, 44 percent of refugees who have arrived in Sweden in the last decade were employed after 9 years in the country, while in Stockholm County the corresponding figure as 54 percent.

While more refugees manage to find work in Stockholm compared with elsewhere in Sweden, the group’s employment rate remains substantially lower than the 76 employment rate of the overall population in Stockholm County.

“There aren’t any specific goals for how many refugees should be employed, but these figures compared with those of the general population are naturally very poor,” Luiza Jastrzebska, from the County Administrative Board’s expertise, labour and refugee department, told The Local.

Even though the refugee employment situation in Stockholm is better compared to the national average, county officials believe more needs to be done to help refugees find work.

“We must improve considerably when it comes to creating opportunities for a quick establishment in Swedish society. The Stockholm region needs everyone who can contribute to growth and development,” county governor Per Unckel said in a statement.

The report also shows that less than 20 percent of refugees with some form of post-secondary education have a job which corresponds with their level of education.

In addition, the report reveals that refugee women arriving to Sweden have significantly greater difficulties than men when it comes to finding a job.

Refugees’ earnings also lag behind those of the general population, according to the study.

After eight years in Sweden, refugees who arrived in Stockholm County in 2000 has an average annual income of 135,000 kronor ($20,800), compared to annual earnings 221,000 kronor for the county’s population as a whole.

“Our report points out several problems, but we can also see a number of bright spots,” said Jastrzebska.

“For instance, income through labour is the most common form of income among refugees after a period of introduction, and the longer time spent in Sweden, the bigger the chances of having found work.”

Jastrzebska added that it’s difficult to compare Sweden’s performance compared to other European nations’ refugee employment levels for several reasons, including varying definitions of the term “refugee”.

“Also, this is a unique study. Usually, this sort of study measures employment among foreign-born citizens, not specifically refugees. That small group is often overlooked in studies,” she said.

According to Unkel, it’s important that more be done to get refugees into the job market more quickly “in part of the individual’s sake, but also for society’s”.

“We heading toward a situation where more and more sectors in society are suffering from a lack of competence and labour,” he said in a statement.

“Everyone is needed and the way to work and self-sufficiency for new arrivals must be shortened.”

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Swedish Iranians complain of ‘drastic drop’ in visas for relatives

Iranians living in Sweden are complaining that relatives are no longer being granted visas to visit, causing pain and heartbreak for one of Sweden's most established immigrant communities.

Swedish Iranians complain of 'drastic drop' in visas for relatives

“This has affected our community very greatly,” Kamran Chabokdavan, spokesperson for the Swedish-Iranian interest group, or Intresseföreningen för Svensk-Iranska frågor, told The Local. “There’s so many people who are feeling depressed or mistreated.”

He had planned to marry his Swedish partner in 2019, but has still not been able to as his parents have not been able to get a visa to come to Sweden, despite visiting, and returning back to Iran several times before. 

“If it was the first time that my parents came here, then it would be more reasonable to say that we cannot be sure that you will go back,” Chabokdavan, who works as a vet in Gothenburg, said. “But if the person has been here ten times before, and suddenly you decide to reject the application, that is a little bit odd.” 

The group now has 2,000 members on Facebook and has contacted the embassy in Tehran, Sweden’s foreign ministry, and MPs in two of Sweden’s political parties, who Chabokdavan said had promised to raise the issue in their parties and to the government.

Chabokdavan told The Local that many Iranians were suffering from the shift to a stricter visa policy. 

“Another member in our group had a sister who was a late-stage cancer patient at the hospital, and her parents couldn’t come here to say goodbye to her.” 

Rozita Akrami, a data scientist at Ericsson, also a group member, has collected data showing that Sweden is now the worst country in the Schengen area for giving visiting visas to Iranians, with only 35 percent of visa applications by friends and relatives of citizens accepted. 

She claims there was a “drastic drop” in the acceptance rate, from 55 per cent in 2018 to 35 percent in 2019, with France accepting 75 percent of visa applications from residents’ relatives that year and Switzerland 79 percent. 

“It seems that the Swedish embassy in Iran has decided to apply stricter criteria, which are really, really unclear,” Chabokdavan said. “It’s really not clear what’s the criteria is here, or why they are rejecting so many documents.” 

In a judgement from last week, the Migration Court ruled that the tougher approach taken by the Swedish embassy in Tehran was justified by a recent rise in the number of Iranians granted visas to Sweden who had then decided to stay and apply for asylum.  

“The embassy further notes that in recent years hundreds of Iranian citizens have applied for residency in Sweden after travelling in on a visa that had been granted,” the court said, justifying its decision to reject an appeal. 

“The embassy can point to the Migration Agency’s reports that a several of these people had had been granted visas previously, even several visas. As a result, visas previously awarded are not a strong indicator of an intention to return.” 

In its judgement, it also noted that sanctions against Iran had resulted in a “severely worsened economy”, with “high unemployment and a weakened currency”, while also pointing to growing “repression of religious minorities” and “imprisonment of political dissidents”. 

In a letter to the embassy in Tehran the group complained that there was no mechanism to replace documents rejected by the Swedish authorities, or to send in missing documents. The group also called for clarity on how applicants’ economic situation was assessed and how relevant it was, and called for the embassy to publish its official statistics from 2015 to 2022. 

“This is about parents who have lived for 60 to 70 years in their homeland and visited Sweden several times while always leaving the Schengen region before their visa has expired,” they wrote. 

Chabokdavan said that in some of the rejection letters, applicants had been told that the worsening economic situation in Iran made Sweden’s authorities worried that visiting relatives would not now return. 

Other rejection letters, he said, had stressed that just because the applicant had visited Sweden and then returned home to Iran many times before, did not mean that they could be relied upon to do so again. 

He said that it was unclear what documents would be enough to prove how well established and tied to Iran the visa applicants are. 

Iranians, who came to Sweden both after the Islamic Revolution in 1979 and during the Iran-Iraq war in the 1980s, are one of Sweden’s most successful migrant groups, with 60 percent getting a university education, and many working within universities, or in high skilled professions.   

“These are people who are really established in Sweden by their job or their studies,” Chabokdavan said. “And their parents usually have a strong, economical base in Iran, otherwise, they couldn’t get this kind of visa from the beginning.”

The Local has contacted the Swedish foreign ministry and the embassy in Tehran for comment.