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MUSEUM

Edwardian England on display in Stockholm

One of the most expensive homes ever built in Sweden now has a set of elegant new residents after Hallwyl House in Stockholm opened its grand doors to display a collection of costumes from the popular British television drama Downton Abbey.

Edwardian England on display in Stockholm

Standing side by side, the Downton costumes and clothes originally worn by the von Hallwyl family are delicately presented through the first floor of the museum.

“We were keen to weave the two narratives”, explained Annika Williams, the Museum’s curator, to The Local.

Related gallery: View some samples of the Downton exhibition here.

The von Hallwyls were part of a Swedish noble family who in 1893 commissioned a house in Stockholm where they would reside during winter months. The house, which was finished in 1898 costing the family 1.5 million kronor ($224,692), is now a museum.

Downton Abbey, which has been broadcast around the world and won numerous awards, is set during the early 1900s and portrays the lives of an upper class family and their servants against the backdrop of a country estate, Downton Abbey. It is all very old fashioned and very English.

The idea for the display came shortly after the production was broadcast in Sweden and visitors began to comment on the similarities between Hallwyl and Downton. Much like the show, Hallwyl prides itself on its unique and detailed display of both the ‘upstairs and downstairs’ way of life.

The exhibition features twenty costumes, mainly from the first series, which the museum hopes will seamlessly blend into the attractions of Stockholm.

To entice those wandering by and get everyone in the mood for all the impending nostalgia, old episodes play on a thoroughly modern plasma screen in the entrance.

From the flowing summer dresses in the rococo boudoir to the practical maid’s outfits hidden away in a side room it’s hard to tell, without looking at the guide, the television creations from the real dresses.

Originally the museum had wanted more servant outfits but due to filming they are still in use.

Williams also tried to secure clothes worn by one of the main characters Lord Grantham, played by Hugh Bonneville, but was unsuccessful. However, Grantham does make an improvised life-sized cardboard appearance.

Praising the show Williams attributes its success to a good script, great characters and an eye for the small things:

“It’s so well produced, the costumes are very well sewn and designed, and they are so attentive to the detail.”

“You get the feeling that you are being transported into that time,” added Williams.

Only a third of the costumes used in Downton are crafted especially for the characters with the rest coming from storage. One of the dresses on loan first made its screen debut in the 2004 film Finding Neverland.

And visitors who know their 20th century French fashion designers are in for a treat. Two dresses in the same room were inspired by the great Paul Poiret, one from the lead costume designer, Susannah Buxton, and the other from the Hallwyl collection.

The museum has clearly enjoyed using the show as a creative source for its own displays.

Subtle details that discreetly nod to the show lay waiting in every room for the eager Downton junkie to pore over, from the French sheet music resting on the piano to a 1912 newspaper headline declaring great tragedy.

One just needs good eyes, or have the curator standing nearby pointing them out and explaining their relevance.

“There are some Downton Abbey nerds working here. I can reveal that,” added Williams.

The lady of the house; Wilhelmina von Hallwyl, always intended for the townhouse to be a museum and had the foresight to preserve every possession.

As a result, the museum has around 50,000 items in its collection, including Lady von Hallwyl’s plaster cast, which she acquired after a motor vehicle accident.

The exhibition will run until January 6th 2013 and admission is 70 kronor.

Dominic Summers

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LANGUAGE AND CULTURE

Why is Sweden called Sweden? The Local answers Google’s questions

Why is Sweden called Sweden? Why is Sweden so depressing? Why is Sweden so rich?  In a new series of articles, The Local answers some of the most common questions that appear when you type "Why is Sweden..." into the Google search engine.  

Why is Sweden called Sweden? The Local answers Google's questions
Why is Sweden actually called Sweden? Let's find out. Photo: Google screenshot

The short answer to “why is Sweden called Sweden?” is that it’s not. It’s called Sverige

When The Local asked Henrik Williams, a Professor of Scandinavian Languages at Uppsala University, he also gave the question a short answer: “Because it’s inhabited by Swedes.” 

We can trace some form of the name back to at least the 13th century, when it was called Swearike in Old Swedish. That translates to “the kingdom of the Swear”.

Two thousand years ago, some of the people living in what is now known as Sweden were called Svear or Suiones, depending on which language you spoke and on how you spelled things (spelling varied greatly). 

The Roman historian Tacitus gives the first known description of the Svear in a book written in the year 93 CE, Germania

Everything comes down to this word, Svear, the name of the people. It means ‘we ourselves’. The Svear lived in Uppland just north of where Stockholm is now, until about the 11th century when they started expanding their territory. 

“It’s very common that people call themselves, either ‘we ourselves’ or ‘the people’” said Professor Williams. 

“We are ‘the humans’ and everybody else is something else. Everyone else is ‘them'”.

Of course, nobody uses the word in that way now, but it still forms the basis of the word Sweden.

The 8th century epic poem Beowulf gives the earliest known recorded version of the word Sweoland, land of the Swear

But at that time, there was no Sweden. Instead, the land was occupied by little kingdoms of Swedes and Goths (in present-day Götaland) and warring tribes of Vikings.

It’s unclear when the King of the Swear started referring to himself as the king of a country called Sweden, but it was probably around the time the country adopted Christianity in the 11th century. 

“Sweden” only came into regular use after 1750, when it replaced “Swedeland” in English. But in Scotland, “Sweden” had been used since the beginning of the modern era.

According to the Oxford English Dictionary in the early 17th century, people would use Sweden as the name of the people, and Swedeland as the name of the country. 

The first attested use of ‘Sweden’ was in a Scottish timber accounting log in 1503, which refers to “Sweden boards.” 

Most countries went from the Old Norse word Svíþjóð (which is still used to describe Sweden in Icelandic today) and turned it into something in their own languages, like the Old English Swíoríce, the Middle Dutch Zweden and High German Schweden

But it’s not called Sweden everywhere. 

In Finnish, Sweden is Ruotsi, in Estonian it’s Rootsi, and in Northern Sami Ruoŧŧa.

This comes from the root-word Rod, as in modern day Roslagen the coastal part of Uppland. It means rowing, or people who row. And because Finland was invaded by people from Roslagen, that’s how Finns referred to them. 

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