“After this transaction is completed, the Renault group will no longer hold any shares in AB Volvo,” the carmaker said in a statement.
Renault gained the stake by selling its truck unit to AB Volvo in 2001, sold part of its holding in 2010.
The carmaker said the shares would be sold via an accelerated book building process and as well as private placements.
Renault said the funds raised would used to reduce the company’s debt, and support planned investments in France as well as internationally, in particular in Russia and China.
The company plans to disclose the value of the funds raised from the sell off on Thursday.
At Wednesday’s market prices the shares should raise 13 billion Swedish kronor, at Wednesday’s exchange rate.
Renault’s debt has dropped steadily from 70 billion kronor in 2008 to some 7.1 million kronor at the end of the first half of 2012.
Volvo AB is the world’s number two truck maker behind Germany’s Daimler, employing some 100,000 people at factories in 20 countries.
Last year Volvo AB posted a net profit 17.5 billion kronor on sales of almost 300 billion kronor.