The birth, and accident, took place close to the Båberg traffic junction on the busy route 44 highway according to a report in the Göteborgs-Posten newspaper.
Reports had been circulating in the morning that an elk had been spotted wandering close to the location. Following the birth the elk ran off, leaving the new born calf to fend for itself.
The event caused two cars to collide. While there was damage to the vehicles, neither of the drivers were required to be hospital.
Police officers took care of the calf and began attempts to reunite the animal with the mother.
Close to 6pm on Friday the attempts were ultimately successful.
"There are in the woods now and everything got a happy ending," said Björ Blixter, press spokesman for the Västra Götaland police to the TT news agency.
Elk and other wild animals are a common hazard on Swedish roads, with some 46,562 accidents reported in 2012, according to according to the Älgskadefondsföreningen (literally: The elk damages fund association).
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