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HOUSING

Swedes cite unrest in ruling out Turkish homes

Swedish city-dwellers still flock to Spain and France when looking for a second home, with Portugal rising fast in the ranks while the Turkish holiday housing market is set to suffer due to recent unrest, according to a new report.

Swedes cite unrest in ruling out Turkish homes

The new survey by estate agents Fastighetsbyrån found that ten percent of residents in Malmö, Gothenburg, and Stockholm already own a holiday house abroad. A further ten percent plan to join their ranks in the next five years.

“The main reason for this choice is to be in the sun, and to have a swim, but culture and food are also important features,” Fastighetsbyrån spokesman Johan Vesterberg told The Local.

A new report found out that Turkey had tumbled in the ratings for potential holiday homes. Survey respondents cited the recent unrest and concerns about the country’s human rights records as reasons to stay away from the Turkish property market. Some 34 percent specifically mentioned recent turmoil in Istanbul as a turn-off. Almost four of ten Swedes ruled Turkey out as a second-home location, and 36 percent of people who want to buy a second home in the next five years specifically said recent events had made the country less attractive.

Some 1,000 Swedes aged 35 to 65 were interviewed about their plans to buy a second home abroad in the next two to five years. Six percent plan to buy a house within the next two years years, while four percent put the deadline at five years.

The political context was important not only for Swedes’ attitude to Turkey, but also in relation to Spain – still Swedes’ number one holiday home market.

“Sinking housing prices, a strong Swedish krona, and cheap flights means the interest in buying homes in Spain is at a record high,” Fastighetsbyrån’s Spain and France head Daniel Nilsson said in a statement.

The survey also noted that younger Swedes were increasingly interested in second homes abroad, a market which has previously been dominated by older would-be buyers.

Vesterberg said that France, the second most popular, was a traditional pick for Swedes scouting the property market abroad, because the country is already well-known to Swedes. Accessibility was also key, he said.

“They go to Cannes, for instance, because it is easy to get there. And the Cannes Film Festival gives a positive image to the place, but good communications is more important,” Vesterberg told The Local.

The survey showed that Portugal was on the rise among Swedish holiday home seekers, hitting third spot on the most favourite list, as was Croatia, sneaking up on fifth place behind number four Italy.

Elodie Pradet

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OPINION & ANALYSIS

OPINION: Sweden’s ‘historic investment’ has failed to solve the housing crisis

Five years after Sweden's government promised to solve the country's housing crisis with a "historic investment", things are as bad as ever, David Crouch argues. Radical action is needed.

OPINION: Sweden's 'historic investment' has failed to solve the housing crisis

Forced to move house 20 times in the past eight years, Maria’s situation was desperate. She and her daughter had arrived in Stockholm from Latin America in search of a better life. She found work, no problem – but housing was impossible.

“Sometimes I was paying 12,000kr in rent and it was very hard because I only had 15,000kr in monthly salary,” says Maria (not her real name). So she took a high-interest loan of 240,000kr and tried to bribe someone in the Housing Agency to get to the front of the queue for affordable housing.

But she was caught. Her fate is unknown. And she didn’t even get an apartment.

This recent story, in the excellent newspaper of the Tenants’ Association, sums up the problems facing people who move here to work. The market for rental accommodation is tight as a drum. Finding a home means competing with Swedes, but with all the disadvantages of being an outsider. So people find themselves pushed into short-term, insecure rental contracts at inflated prices.

It wasn’t supposed to be this way. Five years ago this month, the government announced a “historic investment in housing”, including subsidies for construction companies, easing restrictions on building permits, and making more land available.

The housing situation at the time was grim. Spotify had threatened to leave Sweden if things didn’t improve – how could the company attract skilled young people to a city where there was nowhere for them to live? More than half Stockholm’s population – 600,000 people – were in the queue for a coveted rental apartment, because strict regulation meant these rents were low. But it took as long as 20 years to get to the front of that queue.

The result was a thriving rental property black market, with large bribes changing hands. Many tenants exploited the situation by sub-letting their homes, or parts of them. “It is almost impossible for immigrants and new arrivals to penetrate this market – it is all about who you know and how much money you have,” said Billy McCormac, head of the Fastighetsägarna property association, in 2015.

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So what has been the outcome of the grand promises the government made five years ago? House-building at the time was already rising steadily, and it has continued to do so. Look around you in the big cities and you will see that new apartment blocks have sprung up here and there.

But we shouldn’t go only on appearances. To understand the reality, we need to look at some numbers.

The gap between demand for housing and the existing housing stock has indeed started to shrink. “As housing construction has gradually increased and population growth has begun to slow down, the gap has decreased since 2017,” Stockholm’s Housing Agency noted in December.

The Agency has broken records four years in a row for the number of rental homes it has provided. The proportion of young adults living independently has also increased somewhat, the Tenants’ Association found, probably due to the pace of construction.

But this smidgen of good news is outweighed by an avalanche of bad.

The average queuing time in 2021 for a Stockholm apartment was more than 9 years; for somewhere in the city centre you have to wait 18 years. Only 936 homes came with a waiting time of less than one year. More than three-quarters of a million people are now registered in the queue for housing – a big increase on five years ago.

The rate at which the housing shortage is shrinking is nowhere near fast enough to alleviate the huge accumulated demand.

Assuming that the current pace of construction can be maintained, it will be the end of this decade before any significant dent is made in the deficit of homes, according to Boverket – the Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning. The current rate of construction is “only marginally more than the long-term need”, it says.

The challenge is even greater when it comes to producing affordable housing, Boverket says, especially for the young and those entering the housing market for the first time. Almost one in four young Swedes up to the age of 27 are forced to live at home – the second-highest figure since the measurements began.

There are already signs that housing construction is actually slowing down, owing to higher building material prices, rising interest rates and an incipient labour shortage. Construction prices rose by more than 8 percent last year, and there is concern in the industry that war in Ukraine will further affect costs, in turn slowing the pace of building.

There is another fly in the ointment, a consequence of the collapse of Sweden’s governing coalition in November. The new, minority administration was forced to adopt the opposition’s budget, which halted investment subsidies for house building, throwing the construction industry into confusion.

In short, the “Swedish model” for providing people with a roof over their heads is failing. The folkhemmet, or “people’s home”, has not enough homes for its people.

Swedes themselves understand this: in a survey last month, nine out of ten voters said they thought that politicians did not take the housing shortage seriously.

We have waited too long. It is time for fresh thinking and radical action to solve the housing crisis.

David Crouch is the author of Almost Perfekt: How Sweden Works and What Can We Learn From It. He is a freelance journalist and a lecturer in journalism at Gothenburg University

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