The number of nuclear weapons in the world continues to decline, but at a slower pace than in previous years, the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) said in its annual report.
"Over the past five years there has been a steady decline in the overall number of nuclear warheads in the world," the think tank said. "The decrease is due mainly to Russia and the US, which together still account for more than 93 percent of all nuclear weapons."
The number of nuclear warheads in the world has dropped by 930 from 2013 to 16,300 this year, whereas in 2011 the figure fell by 2,070 to 20,530 compared with a year earlier.
The think tank warned that the decline does not imply a real commitment by the nuclear powers to give up their arsenals. The United States and Russia still held some 7,300 and 8,000 warheads respectively at the beginning of this year, SIPRI said.
"Once again this year, the nuclear weapon-possessing states took little action to indicate a genuine willingness to work toward complete dismantlement of their nuclear arsenals," SIPRI researchers Shannon Kile and Phillip Patton Schell said in a statement.
"The long-term modernization programmes under way in these states suggest their views that nuclear weapons will remain deeply embedded elements of their strategic calculus."
While the two main nuclear powers keep reducing their arsenals, other nuclear states including Britain and France remained stable in this year's report with 225 and 300 warheads, respectively.
"China, India and Pakistan are the only nuclear weapon states that are expanding their nuclear arsenals, while Israel appears to be waiting to see how the situation in Iran develops," SIPRI said.
According to the report, China held 250 warheads, India between 90 and 110, Pakistan between 100 and 120 and Israel 80, at the beginning of 2014. North Korea appeared on the list with six to eight warheads.
"There is an emerging consensus in the expert community that North Korea has produced a small number of nuclear weapons, as distinct from rudimentary nuclear explosive devices," the think tank said.
However, SIPRI researcher Schell told AFP that these figures were based on the amount of plutonium the country could have produced and not on its ability to effectively use it as a weapon.
"There is possibly enough material for six to eight weapons," he said. "But there's been no clear indication yet of their ability to produce a nuclear warhead and to produce an associated missile system that could carry this warhead."