BLOG: Nobel Prize Ceremonies 2014
The Local/ms · 10 Dec 2014, 14:20
Published: 06 Oct 2014 09:49 GMT+02:00
Updated: 10 Dec 2014 14:20 GMT+01:00
- Economics: Jean Tirole for understanding industry regulation
- Peace: Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai for children's rights
- Literature: French author Patrick Modiano
- Chemistry: Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell and William Moerner for microscope work
- Physics: Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, and Shuji Nakamura for inventing blue LED
- Medicine: John O'Keefe, May-Britt and Edvard Moser for studying our "inner GPS"
December Prize ceremonies
Maddy Savage, Editor, 18:05
Police in Stockholm say that they have arrested a "naked man" outside the Stockholm Concert Hall where the Nobel Prize Ceremony has just taken place.
We're logging off now (the Nobel Museum is shut), but you can find more photos and videos on the Nobel Prize website.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 17:50
France's other winner, Jean Tirole has collected his Economics Prize, wrapping up the ceremony. Presenting the award, Professor Tore Ellingsen said: "He has shown how competition laws should reflect the peculiarities of each individual industry – from banking to telecommunications, search engines and social networking services".
The guests are now preparing for their banquet.
There is no time for lingering journalists, tourists and science fans here at the Nobel Museum. We've been told that the museum is "shutting as usual at six o'clock sharp".
Maddy Savage, Editor, 17:38
For royal watchers, the Nobel Prize ceremony always offers a feast of frocks. Princess Madeleine is wearing an enormous red ball gown for the event. Sweden's Prince Carl Philip has brought along his fiancee Sofia Hellqvist, who is making her Nobel debut wearing some serious purple sparkles. The pair are set to get married next year.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 17:33
Among the spectators here at The Nobel Musuem are David and Lara Miller, from Brisbane in Australia. David, 35, who works in software development told The Local: "It's a wonderful day for people who love science for science. We just happened to be in Stockholm during a six month sabbatical travelling around Europe and our friends told us to stop by here. My grasp of Swedish isn't great but I am enjoying watching the ceremony".
Maddy Savage, Editor, 17:24
Frenchman Patrick Modiano is being recognized next. The writer is picking up the Nobel Literature Prize "for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation". In other words, he's an incredibly accomplished author. Read The Local's top ten facts about him.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 17:14
Winners John O'Keefe, May-Britt and Edvard Moser are picking up their Medicine or Physiology awards now for studying our "inner GPS".
"Through brilliant experiments, you have given us new insight into one of the greatest mysteries of life: how the brain creates behaviour and provides us with fascinating mental proficiencies," said Nobel Committee spokesperson Ole Kiehn at the ceremony.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 17:05
There are plenty of musical interludes during the award ceremony. We're being treated to some opera now.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 17:02
Chemistry came next - Eric Betzig, Stefan Hell and William Moerner have just been praised for their for microscope work and given their medals by the King, following a trumpet fanfare.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 17:00
The three Japanese physics laureates have been mentioned first at the ceremony. Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, and Shuji Nakamura invented blue LED.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 16:55
The wind is howling outside the Nobel Museum in Stockholm where The Local is watching the prize ceremony from, alongside tourists from every continent and international news crews. It's been raining all day and snow is forecast for tonight but that doesn't seem to have dampened the atmosphere here or at the Stockholm Concert Hall where the awards are being given out.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 16:45
New to the Nobels? They take place every year on December 10th, which is the anniversary of Alfred Nobel's death. He was a Swedish chemist who left money in his will to set up the prizes back in 1895.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 16:40
French economics winner Jean Tirole is on the big screen at the Nobel Museum in Stockholm right now. He looks very French and dapper in his sharp suit and bow tie. Warm winter coats and walking boots are all the rage here.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 16:34
Members of Sweden's royal family have arrived at Stockholm Concert Hall where the Nobel Prizes are being awarded. King Carl XVI Gustav will be handing out the prizes. After the ceremony the winners will be given a banquet at Stockholm City Hall. The menu is a secret for now. Meatballs are unlikely. There will be 1250 guests for the feast, which will be followed by dancing.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 16:28
The ceremony has started a couple of minutes early - how Swedish.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 16:23
Not long now! Crowds of tourists are starting to gather at the Nobel Museum in Stockholm which is showing the ceremony on a big screen. The event is taking place a short walk away from here at Stockholm Concert Hall.
Patrick Reilly, Reporter, 16:15
Not long to go now as the movers and shakers arrive at the award ceremony in Stockholm. Our Editor Maddy Savage is heading to the Nobel Museum in Stockholm where there is a big screen showing the event. You can also watch the whole occasion live on the official YouTube channel.
The Nobel Peace Prize ceremony is over. Photos have emerged of a protester running on to the stage as children's rights campaigner Malala Yousafzai, 17 picked up her award. A young man waving a Mexican flag was quickly interrupted by security. Reports suggest he has now been arrested.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 14:41
Maddy Savage, Editor, 14:40
Malala is looking confident as she gives her acceptance speech in Oslo. We're watching the live feed. You can too by clicking here.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 14:34
Malala Yousafzai has just picked up her Nobel Peace Prize in Oslo. She is the youngest ever Nobel laureate after being nominated for the award aged just seventeen. She shares the prize with Indian child rights campaigner Kailash Satyarthi. The Nobel committee described both laureates as "champions of peace".
"A young girl and a somewhat older man, one from Pakistan and one from India, one Muslim, the other Hindu; both symbols of what the world needs: more unity. Fraternity between the nations!" Thorbjoern Jagland, chairman of the Norwegian Nobel committee, said at the ceremony.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 14:21
It's a big day for thirteen new names on the Nobel circuit. Click here for a reminder of the leading writers, campaigners and scientists preparing to pick up their awards in Oslo and Stockholm in the next few hours.
October Prize announcements
MONDAY: Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences
Well that wraps a fantastic eight days of Nobel Prizes. You can click on the links above to read our in-depth stories about each prize winner, but I'll leave you with a bit of trivia and some of the highlights. Of course, if you're comfortable and don't have any plans for the next hour or so, you can read back through this entire live blog from the whole week.
Excellence in Geography: We tip our hats to the Committee for selecting a set of winners from a very broad range of countries in 2014. These included Norway, the US, Japan, France, Pakistan, India, the UK. Plus a Romanian-born German picked up a prize.
Worst Example of Gender Equality: But we weren't impressed by the not-very-noble fact that there were only two female winners out of a total of 13 laureates.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 14:53
You can find out more about why the Nobel Committee selected Jean Tirole and why the panel thinks his work could be relevant to Sweden's growing start-up scene by reading The Local's full summary of today's announcement.
That's it from me. I'm heading back to The Local's HQ in Stockholm. Our coverage of this year's Nobel Prize winners is almost complete. But I have a feeling Oliver Gee is waiting in the wings with some final top trivia to impress your friends or partner with tonight.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 14:29
Finally got my interview with a Nobel Committee member. Tomas Sjöström, who is Professor of Economics at Rutgers University in the USA accepted my challenge to explain Jean Tirole's win in less than 60 seconds. So how did he get on? Have a listen to this:
Ben McPartland, France Editor, 14:04
Tirole can expect a message of congratulations from President Hollande himself, and given the dire state of the economy, perhaps he shouldn't be surprised if the head of state offers a him a new job as well.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 13:58
Wondering how Jean Tirole's theories apply to Stockholm and Skåne's booming start up scenes. Hoping to ask a Nobel Committee member when I get my interview slot in the next few minutes. Any other questions?
Maddy Savage, Editor, 13:47
Still waiting for my interview with a Nobel Committee member, so in the meantime, I am checking the headlines in Tirole's home country France.
His win is the top story for most online national newspapers including The Local France.
Our France Editor Ben McPartland says:
"First literature and now Economics, France has certainly enjoyed this year's Nobel Prize awards. No doubt a few will note the irony of a French economist scooping top prize at a time when the country's economy is in the doldrums, but the fact there is a Gallic winner after 18 out of the last 20 went to US Economists will certainly be welcomed by the French today".
Missed our top five facts about Literature winner Modiano? Impress your friends by clicking here.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 13:38
The room here at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences is starting to empty out. I'm going to miss being surrounded by chandeliers and gold framed oil paintings. Before I head back to The Local HQ, I should be getting an interview with one of the Nobel Committee. Once again I'll be testing them with my 60 second challenge. Can they explain why Tirole was selected and why his win is important in less than a minute?
The room where most of the nobel prize winners are announced
Maddy Savage, Editor, 13:26
What's 2 percent likely to be a woman, 67 years old, and 8 million kronor richer? The average Nobel Laureate for Economics.— Oliver Gee (@TheUppsalaKoala) October 13, 2014
A clue that the winner could be a woman this year?
Peter Englund, former Secretary of the Economic Sciences Prize Committee has answered 17 frequently asked questions about the award on the Nobel Prize website and says that he foresees a rise in the number of women picking up the prize: " We see many more young women at the frontier of different fields of economics today than, say, twenty years ago. As an example, several of the recent Bates Clark medals given to the best U.S. economist under the age of forty have been given to women".
Maddy Savage, Editor, 10:43
Good morning from Stockholm, where there are just five hours to go until the final Nobel Prize of 2014 is announced, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel.
Unlike the other prizes, this one wasn't requested in Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel's will. It was launched by Sweden's Riksbank (central bank) in the 1960s, but it follows the same principle as the other prizes, with winners deemed to have produced research or made discoveries that have benefited mankind.
This prize has been awarded 45 times to 74 Laureates between 1969 and 2013.
FRIDAY: Nobel Peace Prize
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 10:34
Things are hotting up with under half an hour to go. The biggest online paper in Norway, VG, has a live stream which is just showing an empty podium right now. If you're keen to watch the announcement live, click play on the YouTube video above.
The nominations and the opinions written by the members of the Norwegian Peace Nobel Committee each year are kept secret for 50 years.— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 10, 2014
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 10:08
Under an hour until the prize is announced now. Here comes some trivia:
Question: What's 62 years old, 16 percent likely to be female, and 8 million kronor richer? Answer: The average Nobel Peace Prize winner.— Oliver Gee (@TheUppsalaKoala) October 10, 2014
Meanwhile, meet the Nobel Committee, the fickle five who are choosing today's winner.
Mark Johnstone, Norway Editor, 09:57
Obama was a surprise candidate for the win. Photo: TT
Just getting word in from Mark in Norway that many people are tipping a Russian winner for the Peace Prize this morning.
"The conflict in Ukraine and President Putin’s iron grip on his own country has resulted in speculation the prize this year will go to Russian peace and human rights activists," he writes.
Mark Johnstone, Norway Editor, 09:20
Pope Francis, who would become the first Roman Catholic pontiff to win the peace prize.
US whistleblower Edward Snowden, which wouldn't go down well with 2009 winner Barack Obama.
But with 278 candidates this year - more than any other time in the past - it's anyone's guess who will be judged by the Nobel Academy to have "done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations", which was Alfred Nobel's vision for the prize in 1901.
Betting firm Ladbrokes said that Modiano had stormed to sixth place on Wednesday, with his odds dropping from 50/1 to 10/1 in the space of a week.
This will fuel rumours that his win was leaked and that is something that journalists will certainly be talking about in Stockholm today.
A collection of the work of French Nobel Laureate Patrick Modiano. pic.twitter.com/6SrRL7B7Rd— Oliver Gee (@TheUppsalaKoala) October 9, 2014
A Swedish woman just came up to me as I was typing and said "Who is he?" She looked over my shoulder and read the winner's name. "I've never heard of him".
Well, that's the way this works, isn't it? Sometimes we know exactly who we're dealing with, sometimes we have no idea. I guess that's the beauty of it all.
Well, the winner should already know they've won. They will have been called at 12:30: Just five minutes until we know. Hello, the room appears to have gone quiet already...
Kay Dorch. Photo: Mimmi Nilsson
Peter Englund, the man behind the prize. Photo: TT
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 10:32
Time for a bit of trivia:
What's 64 years old, 88 percent likely to be a man, and has 8 million kronor in their pocket? The average Nobel Literature Prize winner.— Oliver Gee (@TheUppsalaKoala) October 9, 2014
Also - the youngest ever laureate was Rudyard Kipling, author of The Jungle Book, who won the Nobel when he was just 42.
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 10:18
Morning readers, Oliver here. I'll be taking you through today's announcement live from the scene, together with our intrepid intern Mimmi Nilsson. She's out on the streets of Stockholm now asking Swedes about their favourite authors.
Last year we saw Alice Munro take the prize, the first Canadian-born writer to win since 1976. She joins a long list of well-known laureates including Winston Churchill, John Steinbeck, Albert Camus, Ernest Hemingway and TS Eliot.
But who are we kidding - the Nobel Prize for Literature is just as likely to go to a Mongolian haiku poet as it is to someone you've actually heard of. That's what makes it so fun.
Nobel Laureate Alice Munro. Photo: TT
Maddy Savage, Editor, 8:51
There is one Nobel Prize that isn't handed out in Stockholm: The Nobel Peace Prize. It will be revealed in Oslo on Friday, but we'll still be covering the announcement on this live blog.
US whistleblower Edward Snowden and Pakistani education campaigner Malala Yousafzai are among the names being suggested. You can read much more on The Local Norway's website.
Meanwhile we're mugging up on all the books we should have been reading this year ahead of today's Literature prize announcement in Stockholm.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 08:24
Hello from Stockholm where literature is the next prize set to be announced by the Nobel Committee here in Sweden. This is one of the most talked-about prizes, mostly because more journalists and commentators read novels than physics or chemistry papers!
Last year there was huge speculation that Belarusian writer Svetlana Aleksijevitj would win, but instead the prize went to Canadian short story writer Alice Munro.
Betting firms say Kenyan novelist and poet Ngugi wa Thiong'o is the favourite this year. Who is your money on? Tweet us @TheLocalSweden
The announcement will be made at 13:00 local time
WEDNESDAY: Nobel Prize for Chemistry
Maddy Savage, Editor, 13:27
Journalists have been told to leave the conference room at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, so it is time to wrap up today's chemistry prize blog. I hope we ironed out some of the issues for you and you found some golden elements in our work today. We'll bring you the latest information and analysis on the Literature prize announcement on Thursday.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 13:14
I just challenged chemistry Professor Lars Gustavsson, who is on the Nobel Prize committee, to explain who won this year's prize and why in just 60 seconds. Did he succeed? You can listen below. And why not check out Professor Juleen Zierath's test from Monday. She did a great job after the Medicine or Physiology prize was announced, without referring to any notes.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 12:39
Journalists are now busy holding individual interviews with members of the Nobel panel. I can hear reporters in English, Swedish and German all asking the same thing: "can you explain in simple language what this means". Check out Oliver Gee's great summary below. My interview slot is coming up shortly. Tweet me if you have any questions you want asked.
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 12:25
Don't forget to read The Local's full story on this year's chemistry prize.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 12:15
The press conference has concluded. But journalists will be back inside this grand building for the Nobel Prize for Economics announcement which will be made on Monday.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 12:14
Professor Hell has told journalists he was "totally surprised" to win the prize. You can hear the excitement in his voice now.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 12:12
Professor Hell works at the Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry in Göttingen, Germany and the German Cancer Research Centre in Heidelberg.
He has been asked about comments he made a few years ago that he was "on the verge of giving up" his research but he says he realised "by playing with the molecules" that he needed to continue with his job. Good job he did!
Maddy Savage, Editor, 12:10
Professor Stefan W. Hell is on the phone from Germany and is speaking to journalists via a speaker link. He is using complex language and speaking at a rapid rate! But he has pointed out that his work has helped improve our understanding of physiology and disease. Due to their achievements, "the optical microscope can now peer into the nano world," according to the press release that has just been handed out to journalists here.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 12:06
Nobel panel member Måns Ehrenberg is still making a presentation on the winners. It is one of the more complex lectures that journalists have been given this week. In summary, Betzig, Hell and Moener will share the prize "for the development of super-resolved fluorescence microscopy".
Scientists can study living cells in the tiniest molecular detail thanks to their work using laser beams to improve the possibilities of microscopes.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 12:05
Here is how the Nobel Prize team have explained the researchers' achievements on Twitter:
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:57
The prize is essentially "about seeing" according to Måns Ehrenberg on the panel. He says that the researchers have extended the realm of what we can see through light microscopy. In other words, viruses, proteins and small molecules can be seen in much more detail thanks to the work of the winning scientists.
Maddy Savage, Editor 11:54
According to the panel, the scientists have produced "ground-breaking work" which has been useful to researchers looking at DNA, Parkinson's Alzheimers and Huntingdon's diseases.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:52
Dr Eric Betzig, Professor Stefan W. Hell and William E. Moerner have won the Chemistry award this year for their work on optical microscopy. Betzig and Moerner work in the USA, while Hell is based in Heidelberg in Germany.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:45
There has been a bit of a delay...
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:30
The announcement will be made shortly by Professor Steffan Normark, who is the Permanent Secretary at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. The Nobel Prize has been awarded to 165 people so far. The camera crews here have already turned their lights on and the chandeliers on the ceiling here are glistening brightly.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:26
The room at The Royal Swedish Academy of Science is buzzing, although some journalists are not happy that camera crews have positioned themselves so close to some of the tables that reporters can't get a seat and are having to put their computers on their laps instead. I am one of them!
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 11:13
Maddy has just arrived, tweeting a lovely picture of the improving weather. She seems to be in her element, I'll hand over the live blog to her now.
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 10.57
Our Editor Maddy Savage will be guiding you through today's announcement and she is on the way to the academy now. Give her a follow on Twitter. You can follow me too, I will be tweeting about the Chemistry Prize periodically...
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 10.39
It's time for your favourite segment - Nobel trivia.
Question: What's 58 years old, 97.6 percent likely to be a man, and has 8 million kronor ($1.1 million) in their pocket?
Answer: The average Nobel Chemistry Prize winner.
There have been only four women who've snagged the Nobel nod since 1901. One was Marie Curie, who had won the Physics Nobel a few years earlier. The youngest ever laureate was just 35 years old, and one man - Frederick Sanger - won it twice.
An undated photo of Marie Curie and her husband Pierre. Both Nobel winners. Photo: TT
Maddy Savage, Editor, 10:08
There has been a lot of chatter about who might win the Chemistry prize this year and it could have something to do with the smartphone or tablet you may be reading this live blog on right now.
Professors Ching W. Tang and Steven Van Slyke, who both work in the US, invented an organic light emitting diode, which is crucial in high definition TVs and the latest mobiles and computers. They have been tipped by the annual Thomson Reuters Citation Laureates study, which mines scientific research citations to identify the most influential researchers in the fields of chemistry, physics, medicine and economics.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 8:27
Good morning from a very wet Stockholm!
We're gearing up for the Chemistry announcement which will be revealed at 11:45. Alfred Nobel was a chemist himself, so this is one of the week's key prizes.
TUESDAY: Nobel Prize for Physics
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 12:49
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 12:47
So if you own an LED light, it is thanks to the winners of this year's Nobel Prize for Physics.
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 11:57
"They are thrilled to get the prize, I don't think they were prepared for it. It's not like they had been waiting for it. It's a fantastic experience for us to be the first to tell them, to wake them up and to congratulate them. It's a great honour," he said.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 12:06
Some clever tweets coming from @NobelPrize today
Akasaki, Amano, Nakamura rewarded for inventing blue light-emitting diode, LED - a new energy-efficient light source. pic.twitter.com/rdzzF7FSIf— The Nobel Prize (@NobelPrize) October 7, 2014
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 11:57
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 11:52
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 11:48
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 11.45
And the winners are Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, and Shuji Nakamura for the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright light and energy-saving white light source. The awards were presented by Staffan Normark, the Permanent Secretary at The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
Now the jury will explain the win and how it all works. In other words, they're about to enlighten the crowd.
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 11:42
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:21
Here are some more facts for you Nobel watchers. The Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded 107 times to 196 Nobel Laureates between 1901 and 2013. John Bardeen is the only Nobel Laureate who has been awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics twice, in 1956 and 1972. This means that a total of 195 people have received the Nobel Prize in Physics.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 10:55
Our Deputy Editor Oliver Gee is passionate about getting you excited about today's prize, even if you don't like physics. But he wasn't prepared for all the attention he'd get on Twitter. You can follow him @TheUppsalaKoala.
Oh dear. My feed is full of physics jokes. What did I get myself into?— Oliver Gee (@TheUppsalaKoala) October 7, 2014
Maddy Savage, Editor, 10:26
Here's a reminder of who Alfred Nobel is. He's one of the most famous Swedes in history.
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 09:03
Morning readers - it's the day you've all been waiting for - the Physics Nobel. I'll be heading off to the scene shortly to report on everything as it happens, but first, how about a little Nobel Physics quiz?
Question: What's 55 years old, 99 percent likely to be a man, and has 8 million kronor ($1.1 million) in their pocket?
Answer: The average Nobel Physics Prize winner.
Yes, out of the 195 laureates since 1901, only two winners have been female. The average age is 55, but one genius took home the prize aged just 25 - making him the youngest ever Nobel Laureate in any field.
MONDAY: Nobel Prize for Medicine or Physiology
Maddy Savage, Editor, 12: 56
That's the end of our blog for Monday. Before I left the Karolinska Institute, I challenged the Chairman of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine, to explain this year's prize in 60 seconds. Professor Juleen Zierath did a great job in just 34 seconds! Have a listen:
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 12:03
In total, 263 scientists were nominated for the Medicine or Physiology prize, which was the first to be announced. So the winners must feel very proud.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 12:00
The room is starting to empty. Some science journalists are already conducting interviews, but many general news reporters here are obviously speed-reading the hand-outs we have been given to learn more about the winners.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:58
— Maddy Savage (@maddysavage) October 6, 2014
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:55
The panel has been asked about how the winners' work will impact on scientific work in future. They say that this research is likely to give important "results and inspiration", but there is no specific way in which the findings are going to be used in medicine in the immediate future. But according to the press release handed out to journalists here, the research has "opened new avenues for understanding other cognitive processes, such as memory, thinking and planning".
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:50
The audience has been told by the Nobel Committee that the winners made their discovery by carrying out tests on rats and that birds use a similar navigation system.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:46
The full press release from the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm reads:
"How do we know where we are? How can we find the way from one place to another? And how can we store this information in such a way that we can immediately find the way the next time we trace the same path? This year's Nobel Laureates have discovered a positioning system, an 'inner GPS' in the brain that makes it possible to orient ourselves in space, demonstrating a cellular basis for higher cognitive function"
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:43
May-Britt and Edvard Moser are the 5th married couple to be awarded a Nobel Prize. They are both from Norway. John O'Keefe is from the US.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:40
The winners have been recognised for cell research and the judges say the scientists have helped us better understand the brain activity that helps determine "how people find their way".
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:35
John O'Keafe was the first winner to be announced. The other half of the prize has been jointly awarded to May-Britt Moser and Edvard I Moser.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:30
Judges have arrived and are preparing to announce the winner. The introduction is in Swedish.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:30
We are all back in the auditorium awaiting the announcement. The atmosphere is tense as camera crews test their equipment and journalists frantically read through articles about who has been tipped for the prize.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 11:09
Less than twenty minutes to go until the announcement is expected. Reporters have just been asked to leave the auditorium for ten minutes while officials prepare the room.
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 10.55
We've just had this tweet in from Maddy Savage who is in the auditorium where the Medicine or Physiology prize will be revealed.
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 10.30
The Local's Editor Maddy Savage is already on her way. Follow her on Twitter and watch the whole journey live.
Oliver Gee, Deputy Editor, 10.22
If you're sitting there confused about who Nobel is and why he's giving out prizes, it's probably best you read this. In short, Alfred Nobel was a Swedish scholar who invented dynamite in 1866. In his will, he offered his vast fortune to be shared each year with the best thinkers in a range of academic fields. Today, we're seeing the 113th prize for Medicine or Physiology.
Nobel himself. Photo: TT
Maddy Savage, Editor, 9:51
104 prizes in Medicine or Physiology have been awarded so far. Only ten women have secured one of the awards. The average age of a Nobel winner for in this category is 58.
Maddy Savage, Editor, 09:43
Good morning from Stockholm, where we are starting our live coverage of the Nobel Prize announcements. You can also follow the @NobelPrize team on Twitter. They are already incredibly excited.