Taylor was arrested and charged in September in East Lansing, Michigan.
The 25-year-old is accused of one count of domestic assault, one count of assault and one count of malicious destruction of property, a police statement said.
"Violence is not part of our sport, whether on the court or outside the court. On that basis, the committee director has decided that Jeffery Taylor will not play for the national team during the 2014-15 season," said the Swedish Basketball Federation's president Hans von Uthmann in a statement.
Authorities did not outline the circumstances of the case, saying only that police were called after a report of domestic assault at an East Lansing hotel early in the morning.
Taylor was about to enter his third season in the NBA, with the Charlotte Hornets.
He has not played an NBA match for the Hornets since his arrest, and is set to face 18 months under surveillance in Sweden and 26 months in a rehabilitation programme, although the NBA and the Charlotte organisation have yet to hand down their official punishment.
The 25-year-old was born in Norrköping in eastern Sweden and has resided in the US since 2006.