Debt collection rising across Sweden

Around eight million debt collection notices were sent out in Sweden last year, an increase over the year before, according to a trade group. A greater willingness to buy on credit these days means more people are unable to pay off their debts.

Debt collection rising across Sweden
Photo: Shutterstock

The debt collection sector has enjoyed strong growth over the past few years. Intrum Justitia, one of Europe’s biggest credit management companies, saw a pre-tax profit of 1.2 million kronor ($140.4 million) last year – an increase of 20 percent over 2013.

While the situation in Sweden has not been that dramatic, the sector has seen steady, gradual growth. In Sweden, collection notices in mailboxes are becoming increasingly common.

“The growth in the number of credit purchases throughout the society has resulted in a situation where more people are unable to make their payments on time,” Claes Månsson, spokesman for the debt collection trade group Svensk Inkasso, told Swedish public radio SR Ekot.

While many people are able to pay immediately when the collection letter arrives, for some, keeping up with the penalty interest payments is difficult. This is especially a problem for people with low or limited incomes.

“Interest rates on debt can be between eight and 24 percent and then there are all the fees,” Olle, a retiree, told SR Ekot. “A debt that started off being 39 kronor can quickly get up to 3,900 kronor.”

He wants collection agencies to stop imposing what he calls “sky high” penalties.

But he has not got much support from the Data Inspection Board, the public authority that ensures that debt collection rules and regulations are followed by companies.

“Based on our supervisory activities, our experience is that by and large, companies follow good collection practices, especially the larger firms,” said Malin Fredholm, a lawyer with Datainspektionen, told SR Ekot. 

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Pensions in the EU: What you need to know if you’re moving country

Have you ever wondered what to do with your private pension plan when moving to another European country?

Pensions in the EU: What you need to know if you're moving country

This question will probably have caused some headaches. Fortunately a new private pension product meant to make things easier should soon become available under a new EU regulation that came into effect this week. 

The new pan-European personal pension product (PEPP) will allow savers to take their private pension with them if they move within the European Union.

EU rules so far allowed the aggregation of state pensions and the possibility to carry across borders occupational pensions, which are paid by employers. But the market of private pensions remained fragmented.

The new product is expected to benefit especially young people, who tend to move more frequently across borders, and the self-employed, who might not be covered by other pension schemes. 

According to a survey conducted in 16 countries by Insurance Europe, the organisation representing insurers in Brussels, 38 percent of Europeans do not save for retirement, with a proportion as high as 60 percent in Finland, 57 percent in Spain, 56 percent in France and 55 percent in Italy. 

The groups least likely to have a pension plan are women (42% versus 34% of men), unemployed people (67%), self-employed and part-time workers in the private sector (38%), divorced and singles (44% and 43% respectively), and 18-35 year olds (40%).

“As a complement to public pensions, PEPP caters for the needs of today’s younger generation and allows people to better plan and make provisions for the future,” EU Commissioner for Financial Services Mairead McGuinness said on March 22nd, when new EU rules came into effect. 

The scheme will also allow savers to sign up to a personal pension plan offered by a provider based in another EU country.

Who can sign up?

Under the EU regulation, anyone can sign up to a pan-European personal pension, regardless of their nationality or employment status. 

The scheme is open to people who are employed part-time or full-time, self-employed, in any form of “modern employment”, unemployed or in education. 

The condition is that they are resident in a country of the European Union, Norway, Iceland or Liechtenstein (the European Economic Area). The PEPP will not be available outside these countries, for instance in Switzerland. 

How does it work?

PEPP providers can offer a maximum of six investment options, including a basic one that is low-risk and safeguards the amount invested. The basic PEPP is the default option. Its fees are capped at 1 percent of the accumulated capital per year.

People who move to another EU country can continue to contribute to the same PEPP. Whenever a consumer changes the country of residence, the provider will open a new sub-account for that country. If the provider cannot offer such option, savers have the right to switch provider free of charge.  

As pension products are taxed differently in each state, the applicable taxation will be that of the country of residence and possible tax incentives will only apply to the relevant sub-account. 

Savers who move residence outside the EU cannot continue saving on their PEPP, but they can resume contributions if they return. They would also need to ask advice about the consequences of the move on the way their savings are taxed. 

Pensions can then be paid out in a different location from where the product was purchased. 

Where to start?

Pan-European personal pension products can be offered by authorised banks, insurance companies, pension funds and wealth management firms. 

They are regulated products that can be sold to consumers only after being approved by supervisory authorities. 

As the legislation came into effect this week, only now eligible providers can submit the application for the authorisation of their products. National authorities have then three months to make a decision. So it will still take some time before PEPPs become available on the market. 

When this will happen, the products and their features will be listed in the public register of the European Insurance and Occupational Pensions Authority (EIOPA). 

For more information: 

This article is published in cooperation with Europe Street News, a news outlet about citizens’ rights in the EU and the UK.