‘It gives you the guts to believe in yourself’

Sweden's entrepreneurs are flourishing, earning the country a place among the most innovative in the world. So what is Sweden doing right? The Local catches up with two expat alumni of the Executive MBA at the Stockholm School of Economics (SSE) to find out more.

'It gives you the guts to believe in yourself'
Photo: Lasse Lychnell/Stockholm School of Economics

Koen Vanhove and Andrei Postoaca have a lot in common.

Both have international backgrounds but have been living in Sweden for years; both are multilingual with an entrepreneurial itch; and both admit they didn't actually have any idea what they were doing.

However their strongest link may be that they both entered the SSE Executive MBA in 2008.

“I actually applied for the first time in 1998, and they told me I didn't have time for it,” Postoaca recalls with a grin. “They were right.”

Postoaca was born in Romania, but his parents immigrated to Sweden when he was 11 and he grew up in Stockholm.

“I started my first business when I was 19, and I've been doing it ever since,” he says.

He studied at Uppsala University for three years, but dropped out to focus on his company.

“I didn't know anything about the industry,” Postoaca says. “Someone asked me if I wanted to do market research and I said yes.”

Meanwhile Vanhove – who hails from Ghent in Belgium’s Flemish region – moved to Stockholm for his Swedish partner in 2006 with years of performing arts management experience.

“Back in the 1980s cultural management education had yet to take off and competition was low, so I easily ended up as a manager,” the 52-year-old explains. “In the country of the blind, the one-eyed man is king.”

Postoaca ran his market research company for ten years in Sweden before temporarily relocating to Romania. Vanhove became manager of an international arts organization with operations in more than 40 countries. But both realized something was missing.

“I started thinking that it wasn't so bad after all to have a degree and understand the logic and theory behind things,” Postoaca admits.

Vanhove, meanwhile, had hit a roadblock.

“After more than 20 years in the arts field, I felt that I had reached my limits and I wasn't growing anymore – neither personally nor professionally.”

And for both Vanhove, a Belgian expat living in Stockholm, and Postoaca, a Stockholm-raised entrepreneur living at the time in Romania, the choice was clear:

“The Stockholm School of Economics is the best business school in Sweden,” Postoaca says. “I didn't even look at other schools.”

They both applied for the competitive SSE MBA Executive Format, a rigorous 18-month programme that aims to provide participants with the confidence and skills to understand every aspect of their business and organizations and take on new responsibilities.

“The school has a great reputation,” Postoaca says. “SSE is very business-oriented, has great professors, and is very close to corporate reality and the business world.”

Vanhove says he wanted to challenge himself, go outside his comfort zone, and expand his academic knowledge. The programme seemed like a perfect fit.

“I wanted to question myself and develop. I hoped that the MBA programme would give me new impulses and fresh insights.”

They weren't disappointed. In addition to incredible networking opportunities – the two men met during the programme and are still great friends to this day – the programme gave them the tools to shape their future careers.

Read also: 'If you only do something once, do it 100 percent'

“The programme at SSE provided me with an overall understanding of what a business is all about and of what kind of challenges it can face,” Vanhove says.

The 18-month Executive MBA programme consists of ten intensive weeks on-location, as well as distance learning and extensive self-study. Modules include accounting, finance, value creation, sustainability, economics, global context, and more, and students can choose to focus on Financial Management or Innovation and Entrepreneurship.

Postoaca benefited hugely from the finance modules, and Vanhove focused on innovation – a move which would change his life.“It was like diving into a deep pool and not knowing where I would end up,” Vanhove remarks.

His time at SSE, helped nurture the entrepreneurial seed in his mind for the first time.

“I always felt the urge to start new initiatives or to change things,” he explains. “And when doing the Executive MBA at SSE, the idea to start my own company became more and more concrete.”

In 2010, after finishing the MBA programme, Vanhove started his own arts management company, Key Performance, which specializes in international touring activity.

For veteran entrepreneur Postoaca, the programme taught him to understand his own company and industry on a deeper level.

“Now I understand the complexity of business,” Postoaca says. “Before I just did things. Now I think more – but it’s also given me the guts to believe anything is possible.”

All of the students in the programme are working professionals with at least five years of relevant work experience, and the exchange of real-life experience and knowledge is invaluable.

“Everyone had a business or public sector background and had clear examples and real facts,” he says. “I had no logic or theory behind my work, but I could very clearly connect my experiences to what we were studying.”

Postoaca has worked in Sweden, Romania, France, Canada, the US, and the UK, and Vanhove works with artists travelling and performing all around the world. They agree that the programme, while rooted in Sweden's innovative and stable society, is very international.

You learn how to have a global company, no matter where you are,” he says. ”The MBA gives you the tools to create your own little microsystem in any country, with your own values and organization structure.”

Vanhove agrees.

While the performing arts may not seem like a natural pairing with a business degree, the programme gave him precisely the tools to create the perfect business.

“I learned how to create an ideal framework for the management structure while leaving artistic freedom untouched,” he said. “I discovered that it is possible to have an interface between management theory and the creative world.”

And above all, it turned that seed of thought, the entrepreneurial itch, into something real – something life-changing for them both.

“All this contributed to my self-confidence and helped transform a latent entrepreneurial drive into real action,” he says.

Want to turn your drive into action? Learn more about the Executive MBA at SSE

This article was produced by The Local in partnership with the Stockholm School of Economics.


‘They feel conned’: Swedish universities fight for PHDs hit by new residency rules

Sweden's top universities are to call for doctoral students to be exempted from Sweden's tough new permanent residency rules, arguing that it will damage both academic standards and national competitiveness.

'They feel conned': Swedish universities fight for PHDs hit by new residency rules
At Lund Technical University, a majority of doctoral students are international. Photo: Kennet Ruona/LTU

In a post on Wednesday, Astrid Söderbergh Widding, the chair of Association of Swedish Higher Education Institutions, said that Sweden’s universities had agreed to submit a joint letter to the government “very soon”, calling for parliament to put in place a special exemption for PHD students to make it easier to stay in Sweden after their studies. 

The parliament, she wrote, “should introduce an exemption for doctoral students and young researchers from the requirement to be financially self-sufficient”. 

Previously, doctoral students were eligible for a permanent residence permit if they had lived in Sweden with a residence permit for doctoral studies for four out of the past seven years. Apart from a slim set of requirements, this was granted more or less automatically.

But according to Sweden’s new Migration Act, which was introduced in July this year as comprehensive legislation to control the number of asylum applications, they now need to be able to additionally show that they can support themselves financially for at least a year and half.

The new law means that the rules for permanent residency are now the same for all categories of applicants, including doctoral students.

Stefan Bengtsson, the rector at Chalmers University of Technology, said that the change would mean as many as 400 to 500 doctoral students, many of whom have built up considerable expertise, might be unable to stay in Sweden.

“This makes for an uncertain future for those from outside of Europe who have applied to come to Sweden for an academic career, which is cause for great concern and disappointment among those who came here under other circumstances,” he told The Local. “Some of them may, of course, feel like they’ve been conned

But what was even more worrying, he said, would be the impact the change to the law might have in the longer term. 

“This change to the law could contribute to giving Sweden a bad reputation. This will create difficulties in recruiting internationally and damage our long-term skills supply.”


At Lund University, the majority of doctoral students in the science and technical faculties are from outside Europe, while Söderbergh Widding, who is also vice chancellor at Stockholm University, estimated that about half of doctoral students were international. 

Söderbergh Widding told the TT newswire that the change was “a devastating death blow”, which put to waste a “previously hard-won battle to make it possible for doctoral students to obtain a permanent residency permit after four years of studies”. 

She said in her letter that the change contradicted the research policy proposition from December 2020, which stated that the “number of foreign doctoral students who stay in Sweden should increase”, and said that giving residency to doctoral students was a good way to increase this.  

Ole Petter Ottersen, the rector of the elite Karolinska medical university, told the newswire that he thought the change in residency laws would damage Swedish competitiveness. 

“This is not good for Sweden. This will damage our ability to attract and recruit talent from other countries. For a country that lies on the periphery, the goal should be to make it easier, not harder, to recruit competence.”