BLOG: Sweden's Nobel Prize in Literature 2015
Emma Löfgren · 8 Oct 2015, 14:23
Published: 08 Oct 2015 11:19 GMT+02:00
Updated: 08 Oct 2015 14:23 GMT+02:00
- Bets on for Sweden's Nobel Prize in Literature (08 Oct 15)
- Seven fun facts about Sweden's Nobel laureate (07 Oct 15)
- BLOG: Sweden's Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2015 (07 Oct 15)
Thursday, October 8th, Nobel Prize in Literature
- Belarussian writer Svetlana Alexievich has won the 2015 Nobel Prize in Literature
2.00pm That's all for today
That's the end of our live coverage for today. Read more about Svetlana Alexievich, the 2015 winner of Sweden's Nobel Prize in Literature, here. Tomorrow it's time for the peace prize which will be announced in Oslo.
1.47pm 'She's an extraordinary writer'
The Swedish Academy's Permanent Secretary Sara Danius has been speaking to global media in English about the decision to award the prize to Svetlanda Alexievich, with The Local's Maddy Savage among those in the media scrum surrounding her.
She repeated that the winner had simply said "fantastic" when telephoned about her win.
Asked why the Academy had chosen to give her the accolade this year she said: "Well, it is very simple, she is an extraordinary writer. What she's done, her true achievement is that she's offering us a literary chronicle of the emotional history of Soviet man (…) the Soviet individual, because it's not only men, but children, men and women."
She added: "She's also managed to evolve a literary style all of her own. She's basically evolved a whole new literary genre. And so what we have is interesting new historical material as well as a very interesting new literary genre."
Permanent Secretary Sara Danius. Photo: Maddy Savage/The Local
1.32pm 'Creeping censorship'
Alexievich is only the 14th woman to be awarded the Nobel literarure prize and will take home the neat little sum of eight million Swedish kronor (around $950,000). Her books, controversially written in Russian, are not published in her home country of Belarus, long ruled by authoritarian President Alexander Lukashenko, amid what the author herself has described as "a creeping censorship".
1.26pm Can I read her books in English?
Alexievich's works that have been translated into English, according to the Swedish Academy are: 'War's Unwomanly Face' (1988), 'Zinky Boys: Soviet Voices from a Forgotten War' (1992), 'Zinky Boys: Soviet Voices from the Afghanistan War' (1992), 'Voices from Chernobyl: Chronicle of the Future' (1999) and 'Voices from Chernobyl: the Oral History of a Nuclear Disaster' (2005).
Here's the Permanent Secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy, Sara Danius, describing what happened when she called Svetlana Alexievich to tell her she had won.
1.10pm Who is Svetlana Alexievich?
So, somewhat surprisingly one of the bookies' top runners for the Nobel Prize in Literature actually did win this year. But who is Svetlana Alexievich?
Well, she was born in 1948 in Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine, to a Belarusian father and Ukrainian mother. Today, she is based in Minsk. Her most famous work is a praised oral history of the Chernobyl disaster ('Voices from Chernobyl').
Permanent Secretary Sara Danius is telling reporters that she spoke to the writer earlier today and that she was pleased at winning the award. Apparently her exact comment was "fantastic".
1.02pm The winner is...
Svetlana Alexievich from Belarus has won "for her polyphonic writings, a monument to suffering and courage in our time."
12.55pm Countdown begins
Five minutes left until the 2015 winner of the Nobel Literature Prize is revealed. All eyes are on Sweden and The Local is there at the press conference in Stockholm.
12.50pm 'At last!'
Fun fact: it's become a bit of an unofficial tradition to yell 'äntligen!' (or 'at last!') when the winner is announced. This was started by Swedish journalist Gert Fylking in the late 1990s and was a tongue-in-cheek way of making fun of the fact that the Nobel Prize winner (let's be honest) very often is somebody very few people have every heard of.
Fylking was eventually banned from attending the announcement by the then Permanent Secretary Horace Engdahl, but if you listen hard you can usually hear someone, somewhere in the audience shouting it when the winner is revealed.
12.41pm Watch the announcement live here
12.34pm Journalists have flocked to Stockholm
There appear to be far more journalists here than at the other Nobel announcements this week. Among them is Maria Domellöf Wik, a literary editor from the Gothenburg Post.
She is hoping that Svetlana Alexievich from Belarus will win the prize. The writer briefly worked for the newspaper on Sweden's west coast. Wik said it would be 'excellent news' for the publication if she won.
"But that's not why I want her to win," she told The Local.
Wik said that she usually watched the announcements online at her office, but wanted to be in Stockholm to see Sara Danius in action. As we mentioned earlier, she is the first female Permanent Secretary of the Royal Swedish Academy, which dishes out the Nobel Literature prize.
Maria Domellöf Wik, a literary editor from the Gothenburg Post. Photo: Maddy Savage/The Local
12.25pm 'Nah, I'm good, thanks'
Only two people have declined the Nobel Prize to date. One was Vietnamese politician Le Duc Tho, who was awarded the 1973 Nobel Peace Prize jointly with US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger.
The other was French author and philosopher Jean-Paul Sartre, who declined the prize because he had consistently refused all official honours. Swedish Academy member Lars Gyllensten wrote in his memoirs that the writer had later been in touch asking for the award money to be sent to him.
12.13pm The (No)bells are ringing
This is the former Stock Exchange building ('Börshuset') in Stockholm's Old Town, where the Swedish Academy meets and where the 2015 Nobel Prize in Literature is set to be announced in less than an hour. Quite pretty, no?
12.10pm Facts and figures
Here are some more interesting facts about the Nobel Prize in Literature.
- There are around 200 nominations, which are whittled down to a shortlist of five.
- There is a great deal of secrecy behind the process, the details of which aren't released for 50 years.
- The winner just needs a majority of votes, it doesn't need to be unanimous.
- The laureate is notified 30 minutes before the announcement.
The literature award is handed out by the Swedish Academy (Svenska Akademien). The Academy, which was founded by King Gustaf III in 1786, has 18 members who are elected for life. They spend the whole summer reading up on the entire works of five shortlisted authors, before voting in a winner.
The Academy is chaired by the so-called Permanent Secretary, Sara Danius, a literature and aesthetics scholar who was appointed this summer. This will be her first Nobel Prize announcement.
When the group does not pick the Nobel Prize winner, it works to "advance the Swedish language" by for example putting together an annual dictionary. It has hit the headlines in the past year for scrapping controversial term 'negro ball' for a Swedish chocolate sweet and introducing gender neutral pronoun 'hen'.
11.55am Facts and figures
The Nobel Prize in Literature is one of the most famous of the Nobel awards and probably the most prestigious accolade available to writers. It has been handed out 107 times so far.
Rudyard Kipling, who wrote 'The Jungle Book' (no, the novel, not the Disney movie), was the youngest recipient. He was 42 years old when he claimed it in 1907.
Last year we saw the award go to French author Patrick Modiano. Click here to brush up on the five things you need to know about him.
Patrick Modiano receiving the Nobel Prize in Literature in 2014. Photo: Henrik Montgomery/TT
11.43am Once upon a time in Sweden...
It's a gorgeous autumn day in Stockhom today, after a night of stunning Northern Lights in the Swedish nights skies. Our Editor Maddy Savage is clearly channelling her inner Nobel author on the day of the Literature awards.
11.20am Another Nobel day begins
Hello all and welcome back to the fourth day of Sweden's Nobel Prize week. If you haven't been following The Local's coverage, you can click on the links here for our reports on who won the awards in Medicine, Physics and Chemistry.
Today we open our books on literature, the prize that is arguably the most hyped. The betting is already on, with names of potential winners including Americans Joyce Carol Oates and Philip Roth, Belarus writer Svetlana Alexievich and Japan's Haruki Murakami.
Live blogging the announcement at 1pm for you today is The Local's Deputy Editor Emma Löfgren. Keep an eye out for our Editor Maddy Savage on Twitter as well, who is on her way to the press conference in Stockholm, where the general public have already started to gather.