1. Fika and kaffe
The way Swedes gulp down coffee (on average three cups per person and day) you would almost believe they invented the stuff. But after the first coffee houses opened in Syria in the 16th century, the brown stuff only made it to Sweden in 1685 via Turkey and continental Europe – and was even banned on several occasions after it apparently became so popular it de-stabilized the market. Meanwhile, fika (a coffee-and-cake break) is backslang for kaffi (an older Swedish word for 'kaffe' or coffee), which itself stems from the Arabic word qahwa.
A Swede having coffee and thinking about Turkey. Photo: Nicho Södling/imagebank.sweden.se
2. Kåldolmar (stuffed cabbage rolls)
The Local's readers told us how much you loved this recipe for Swedish 'kåldolmar', traditional Swedish comfort food which consists of minced meat wrapped in cabbage. But according to the stories, they were actually first introduced to Sweden in the early 18th century after king Karl XII temporarily went into exile in Turkey and brought vine leaves back. Essentially, they are the Swedish twist on Middle Eastern meat dolma, with the vine leaves replaced with cabbage ('kål'). However, according to this ethnology expert, the story may be slightly more complex than that.
Swedish (or are they?!) stuffed cabbage rolls. Photo: Jurek Holzer/SvD/SCANPIX
3. Midsummer's Eve
If you're friends with Swedes, you have probably been invited to their summer house for Midsummer's Eve celebrations (if not, start nagging them now for a June invitation) – the most Swedish holiday of all. But it's more multicultural than you would have guessed: the famous maypole came from Germany in the 14th or 15th century, the popular brined herring ('matjesill') is actually Dutch ('maatjesharing') and the modern strawberry was first grown in France.
Even the children's song where the Swedes pretend to be little frogs and make you dance around the maypole is originally a French Revolution military march ('La Chanson de l'Oignon'). Voilà!
4. Swedish meatballs
It's round, tasty and very Swedish. Or, not. Just like coffee and 'kåldolmar', stories have it that this ball of meat was brought back to the Nordics by Swedish soldiers fighting alongside Karl XII in Turkey in the 1700s. The story is disputed, but whether or not it happened exactly like that, meatballs had indeed been common in other parts of the world for hundreds of years before they were first mentioned in written records in Sweden. In any case, they are still very yummy, so here's a great recipe by food writer John Duxbury for you.
(Sarcastic quote) Swedish (unquote) meatballs. Photo: Heiko Junge/NTB scanpix/SCANPIX
5. The Royal Family
The Swedish royal family is part of the Bernadotte line, which was literally imported from France in the 18th century after the Swedish king died and officials went to the continent to find a replacement, Jean Bernadotte, who was then part of Napoleon Bonaparte's army. Looking at the modern-day royal family, King Carl XVI Gustaf's mother was Sibylla of Germany's Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha, while his wife Queen Silvia is of German-Brazilian descent. Not to mention Princess Madeleine and her husband Chris O'Neill, who both live in London.
The Swedish/German/French/Brazilian Royal Family. Photo: Jonas Ekströmer/Kungahuset
6. Ikea, Volvo and Skype
While Ikea's founder, Ingvar Kamprad, was born in rural parts of the southern Småland region, his world-famous furniture company (which did not invent Swedish meatballs, see above) is actually owned by a foundation based in the Netherlands. Likewise, car manufacturer Volvo is owned by the Zhejiang Geely Holding Group and Saab is owned by Chinese Nevs. Even Skype (co-created by Swede Niklas Zennström) is now owned by American Microsoft. At least fashion retail giant H&M is still Swedish.
Ikea did not invent Swedish meatballs. Photo: AP Photo/Mark Lennihan