The 36-year-old star, who has previously made waves in the US version of the Killing and in the Swedish thriller Easy Money (Snabba cash), will join the fourth season of the Netflix show, set in Washington.
His exact role in the Emmy-winning political programme has been kept under wraps, but tweets by Netflix US on Tuesday showed him locked in talks with lead character Frank Underwood, played by Kevin Spacey.
However rumours have already started circulating that he could hook up on screen with US actress Neve Campbell, who has also been confirmed as part of the new line-up for the drama.
The top role for Kinnaman comes ahead of the release of his much anticipated next crime movie, Suicide Squad, which sees a secret government agency recruit previously imprisoned supervillains to carry out dangerous underground missions for the state.
The film cast includes a host of huge global names, from US actor and singer Jared Leto to British model and Hollywood starlet Cara Delevigne, double Oscar winner Ben Affleck and all-round legend Will Smith.
It is due for global release in August, while House of Cards will be available on Netflix in March.