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REFUGEE CRISIS

CRIME

One percent of Swedish crimes linked to refugees

Only one percent of all police call-outs in the period between October and the end of last month have concerned incidents involving refugees, according to fresh official statistics.

One percent of Swedish crimes linked to refugees
Border police at Hyllie station in Malmö last month. Photo: Johan Nilsson/TT

Put together by the Dagens Nyheter daily (DN) on Tuesday, the new figures put in perspective previous reports that Swedish police have been called out to 5,000 incidents linked to asylum accommodation or other issues concerning refugees since mid-October.

The newspaper revealed that from October 15th to the end of January Swedish police were called out to deal with a total of 537,466 incidents – which means that the number connected to refugees makes up less than one percent of the grand total.

“Given the enormous attention that crime among new arrivals has been given in the past six months, one percent does not sound like a lot. It means that 99 percent of what the police do cannot be linked to new arrivals,” Felipe Estrada, criminology professor at Stockholm University, told DN.

DEBATE: 'Sex attacks and fascism are not the Swedish norm'

It has previously been revealed that police have designated a special code, R291, for incidents involving refugees, allowing them to keep tabs on how last autumn's record influx of asylum seekers into the country has affected their work.

Thomas Wallberg, of the Swedish police’s National Operations Department (NOA), suggested that the crime rate had not gone up significantly despite reports of increasing tension between refugees and locals in recent months, saying that the figures on the whole represented “the normal picture of police interventions”.

“The difference is that this community is compressed into a small space. When a crime is committed in this little space, the entire community easily becomes associated with it,” he told DN.

The R291 code was introduced in October at the peak of Sweden’s refugee crisis when as many as 10,000 new asylum seekers were registering in the country every week. 

At the time police saw a surge in the number of call-outs to crimes of violence, arson and intimidation at asylum centres. The code coveres all cases “involving migrant situations”, including cases where asylum seekers are victims or perpetrators of crimes. 

Sweden took in a record 163,000 asylum seekers in 2015.

HEALTH

Swedish opposition proposes ‘rapid tests for ADHD’ to cut gang crime

The Moderate Party in Stockholm has called for children in so called "vulnerable areas" to be given rapid tests for ADHD to increase treatment and cut gang crime.

Swedish opposition proposes 'rapid tests for ADHD' to cut gang crime

In a press release, the party proposed that treating more children in troubled city areas would help prevent gang crime, given that “people with ADHD diagnoses are “significantly over-represented in the country’s jails”. 

The idea is that children in so-called “vulnerable areas”, which in Sweden normally have a high majority of first and second-generation generation immigrants, will be given “simpler, voluntary tests”, which would screen for ADHD, with those suspected of having the neuropsychiatric disorder then put forward for proper evaluations to be given by a child psychiatrist. 

“The quicker you can put in place measures, the better the outcomes,” says Irene Svenonius, the party’s leader in the municipality, of ADHD treatment, claiming that children in Sweden with an immigrant background were less likely to be medicated for ADHD than other children in Sweden. 

In the press release, the party said that there were “significant differences in the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD within Stockholm country”, with Swedish-born children receiving diagnosis and treatment to a higher extent, and with ADHD “with the greatest probability” underdiagnosed in vulnerable areas. 

At a press conference, the party’s justice spokesman Johan Forsell, said that identifying children with ADHD in this areas would help fight gang crime. 

“We need to find these children, and that is going to help prevent crime,” he said. 

Sweden’s climate minister Annika Strandhäll accused the Moderates of wanting to “medicate away criminality”. 

Lotta Häyrynen, editor of the trade union-backed comment site Nya Mitten, pointed out that the Moderates’s claim to want to help children with neuropsychiatric diagnoses in vulnerable areas would be more credible if they had not closed down seven child and youth psychiatry units. 

The Moderate Party MP and debater Hanif Bali complained about the opposition from left-wing commentators and politicians.

“My spontaneous guess would have been that the Left would have thought it was enormously unjust that three times so many immigrant children are not getting a diagnosis or treatment compared to pure-Swedish children,” he said. “Their hate for the Right is stronger than their care for the children. 

Swedish vocab: brottsförebyggande – preventative of crime 

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