‘They say Swedish people are cold, but I’ve found they will gladly help you’

Adapting to a new country can be a challenge, but adapting to a new country while studying there and also attempting to launch a career is a bigger one. Originally from Italy, Greta Mabilia explains to The Local how she's juggling a course in sustainable design in Växjö while also learning the ropes of PR.

'They say Swedish people are cold, but I've found they will gladly help you'
Italy-born Greta Mabilia has started a foray into PR as well as studying sustainable design in Sweden. Photo: Greta Mabilia

Originally from Marostica, northern Italy, Sweden has been on the agenda for Mabilia since childhood. Born to a half-Swedish father, as a child she decided that she wanted to move there, so it was simply a case of finding the right university. Which is how she ended up at Linnaeus in Växjö.

“I come from an art background, which is why I picked the design part of my course, but I’ve always been interested in sustainability,” she explained

“I started out with the standard things in Italy: picking up trash, working out how to have less waste at home. But the program broadened my perspective.”

The program is “Design + Change”, which claims to be the first international design program focusing on sustainability in Sweden. Students come from as far as South Africa, Canada and the US, with many saying that it was the only program they could find focusing on social sustainability. Confused as to what that means? Here's Mabilia's explanation:

“It means we shouldn’t just be sustainable in recycling, but also sharing knowledge about how to do things in sustainable ways and interacting with each other in a more constructive way. That’s the base of any successful and sustainable practice.”

“We have been asked to be as international as possible. We have always tried to celebrate the fact that we are all international students, so we are trying to make projects that can be applied in many different places,” she adds.

Soon, the Italian started a two-month internship at her university's “Sustainability Office”. It wasn’t part of her course – she had to fight hard to make it happen.

“Some of my classmates and I really wanted to do an internship, so we worked really hard to get that opportunity. They want us to develop a project analyzing power relationships. So in places like a university, how do people who work there and students interact?

“We have to develop the communication that goes on, mainly between Swedes and international people who don't speak Swedish. We want more participation from the international side.”

Greta and her course-mates. Photo: Greta Mabilia

In her experience, Swedish universities are not only useful in terms of the education they provide, but also in the assistance they offer when it comes to navigating tricky aspects of society.

“Universities give a lot of help here, in terms of tax and how to get your personnummer (personal number), and issues that aren't really school related. Once you solve those things it's much easier to live,” she advises.

Not content with studying and an internship, the proactive 22-year-old has also launched a number of projects focusing on food sharing – a growing movement which encourages saving and distributing surplus food instead of wasting it – starting with a website, then continuing with a design project and Facebook page.

“I noticed how, since all the students here are international, they come for just six months and when they leave, they leave a lot of food behind. I was thinking: how can I solve this for sustainability purposes as well as economically, for people not to waste their money?” she explains.

“I created the food sharing site during the summer, but I never really made it as active as I wanted. At university we had a module where as an experiment we tried to live without money for as long as we could. I thought 'now is a great time to make this work!', and things started rolling. In the future I want to make it official, register it as an initiative outside of the university and get it advertised in a more official way to more people.”

Along with her sustainability-related work, Mabilia has also started a foray into the world of public relations. She was recently tasked with the PR for her university program's exhibition at the Stockholm Furniture and Light Fair. It was the first time she had handled PR for an event of that scale, and it appears that the Swedish take is different to the Italian approach.

“We have to romanticize less about what we write in Sweden, because if we were in Italy, it's more passionate and informal in a lot of situations. Here, Swedish people prefer to have direct information about what’s going on, then decide upon that, without romanticizing it,” she observes.

“We were working on a budget and had to represent our university in Stockholm. We've done a lot: learned how to communicate officially with the press, people who may be interested in coming, sponsoring us, financing us. Created relationships and advertising through social media. It has been a jump!” she adds.

Even the PR work is approached with a sustainable mind-set:

“We are trying to be as paper-free as possible, as most of it is done on social media. The only thing we printed were some brochures.”

And that's quite the contrast to her native Italy.

“In Italy, being non-sustainable is something you don't need to be ashamed over. Where I come from, it's cool if you throw your gum on the ground. Here, it's more accepted to be sustainable. My program would be harder to do in Italy. In Sweden we can afford to be pioneers in new ways of sustainability.”

Mabilia clearly feels at home in Sweden, but not everyone is as confident about throwing themselves into a new culture, head first. So what's her advice for anyone considering launching a career in Sweden, but hesitant about taking the leap? Don't believe the stereotypes.

“People are much kinder than the stereotypes. So many people say Swedish people are cold and don't interact, but I’ve found that they will gladly help you.”

“It can be harder sometimes to connect with people because of cultural differences, but in the end, it really pays off. I find that if you're good at something and earn respect in your field, people trust you. In other countries, it's more about who you know,” she concludes.

Article written by The Local contributor Tilly Olsson.

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Reader question: When am I eligible for a Swedish pension?

A reader got in touch to ask how long he had to work in Sweden before he was eligible for a pension. Here are Sweden's pension rules, and how you can get your pension when the time comes.

Reader question: When am I eligible for a Swedish pension?

The Swedish pension is part of the country’s social insurance system, and it can seem like a confusing beast at times. The good news is that if you’re living and working here, you’ll almost certainly be earning towards a pension, and you’ll be able to get that money even if you move elsewhere before retirement.

You will start earning your Swedish general pension, or allmän pension, once you’ve earned over 20,431 kronor in a single year, and – for almost all kinds of pension in Sweden – there is no time limit on how long you must have lived in Sweden before you are eligible.

The exception is the minimum guarantee pension, or garantipension, which you can receive whether you’ve worked or not. To be eligible at all for this, you need to have lived in Sweden for a period of at least three years before you are 65 years old. 

“There’s a limit, but it’s a money limit,” Johan Andersson, press secretary at the Swedish Pension Agency told The Local about the general pension. “When you reach the point that you start paying tax, you start paying into your pension.”

“But you have to apply for your pension, make sure you get in touch with us when you want to start receiving it,” he said.

Here’s our in-depth guide on how you can maximise your Swedish pension, even if you’re only planning on staying in Sweden short-term.

Those who spend only a few years working in Sweden will earn a much smaller pension than people who work here for their whole lives, but they are still entitled to something – people who have worked in Sweden will keep their income pension, premium pension, supplementary pension and occupational pension that they have earned in Sweden, even if they move to another country. The pension is paid no matter where in the world you live, but must be applied for – it is not automatically paid out at retirement age.

If you retire in the EU/EEA, or another country with which Sweden has a pension agreement, you just need to apply to the pension authority in your country of residence in order to start drawing your Swedish pension. If you live in a different country, you should contact the Swedish Pensions Agency for advice on accessing your pension, which is done by filling out a form (look for the form called Ansök om allmän pension – om du är bosatt utanför Sverige).

The agency recommends beginning the application process at least three months before you plan to take the pension, and ideally six months beforehand if you live abroad. It’s possible to have the pension paid into either a Swedish bank account or an account outside Sweden.

A guarantee pension – for those who live on a low income or no income while in Sweden – can be paid to those living in Sweden, an EU/EEA country, Switzerland or, in some cases, Canada. This is the only Swedish pension which is affected by how long you’ve lived in Sweden – you can only receive it if you’ve lived in the country for at least three years before the age of 65.

“The guarantee pension is residence based,” Andersson said. “But it’s lower if you haven’t lived in Sweden for at least 40 years. You are eligible for it after living in Sweden for only three years, but it won’t be that much.”