Sweden fifth best country in Europe for foreign students

A ranking of European countries based on their attractiveness for international students handed Sweden a spot in the top-five.

Sweden fifth best country in Europe for foreign students
A student in Sweden. Photo: Anders Wiklund/TT

The study, released on Wednesday by Study.EU, argued that Germany is the best option for international students studying in Europe, followed by the UK, Netherlands, France and Sweden.

It ranked 30 European countries according to three categories: education, costs, and life and career. Sweden was awarded a total score of 60.6 out of 100, compared to Germany's impressive 83.2.

Sweden performed well in the education category, scoring another fifth place. In the life and career category it came in eighth, but fared less well in the cost category, not even making the top-ten.

Study.EU investigated the general cost of living as well as tuition fees at universities. While Sweden does not have tuition fees for its own students and those from EU/EEA countries studying at the bachelor's or master's level, master's fees for other students are roughly 129,000 kronor a year.

The ranking also looked at quality of life, how likely it is that you will get a job after graduating, the country's proficiency in English, international university rankings as well as the availability in courses taught in English. Two of Sweden's universities made the top-100 in one of the most recent university rankings.

Study.EU said that continental Europe was becoming more attractive to international students.

“Two significant political developments will influence global higher education for years to come. First, there is the Trump presidency, driving international students away from the US to other countries – in many cases, Europe,” said Gerrit Blöss, CEO of Study.EU.

“And then there is the upcoming Brexit, of which neither the timeline nor the consequences are foreseeable. Many prospective students expect deteriorating conditions in the UK, and they are starting to look for study-abroad experiences elsewhere in Europe.”


‘They feel conned’: Swedish universities fight for PHDs hit by new residency rules

Sweden's top universities are to call for doctoral students to be exempted from Sweden's tough new permanent residency rules, arguing that it will damage both academic standards and national competitiveness.

'They feel conned': Swedish universities fight for PHDs hit by new residency rules
At Lund Technical University, a majority of doctoral students are international. Photo: Kennet Ruona/LTU

In a post on Wednesday, Astrid Söderbergh Widding, the chair of Association of Swedish Higher Education Institutions, said that Sweden’s universities had agreed to submit a joint letter to the government “very soon”, calling for parliament to put in place a special exemption for PHD students to make it easier to stay in Sweden after their studies. 

The parliament, she wrote, “should introduce an exemption for doctoral students and young researchers from the requirement to be financially self-sufficient”. 

Previously, doctoral students were eligible for a permanent residence permit if they had lived in Sweden with a residence permit for doctoral studies for four out of the past seven years. Apart from a slim set of requirements, this was granted more or less automatically.

But according to Sweden’s new Migration Act, which was introduced in July this year as comprehensive legislation to control the number of asylum applications, they now need to be able to additionally show that they can support themselves financially for at least a year and half.

The new law means that the rules for permanent residency are now the same for all categories of applicants, including doctoral students.

Stefan Bengtsson, the rector at Chalmers University of Technology, said that the change would mean as many as 400 to 500 doctoral students, many of whom have built up considerable expertise, might be unable to stay in Sweden.

“This makes for an uncertain future for those from outside of Europe who have applied to come to Sweden for an academic career, which is cause for great concern and disappointment among those who came here under other circumstances,” he told The Local. “Some of them may, of course, feel like they’ve been conned

But what was even more worrying, he said, would be the impact the change to the law might have in the longer term. 

“This change to the law could contribute to giving Sweden a bad reputation. This will create difficulties in recruiting internationally and damage our long-term skills supply.”


At Lund University, the majority of doctoral students in the science and technical faculties are from outside Europe, while Söderbergh Widding, who is also vice chancellor at Stockholm University, estimated that about half of doctoral students were international. 

Söderbergh Widding told the TT newswire that the change was “a devastating death blow”, which put to waste a “previously hard-won battle to make it possible for doctoral students to obtain a permanent residency permit after four years of studies”. 

She said in her letter that the change contradicted the research policy proposition from December 2020, which stated that the “number of foreign doctoral students who stay in Sweden should increase”, and said that giving residency to doctoral students was a good way to increase this.  

Ole Petter Ottersen, the rector of the elite Karolinska medical university, told the newswire that he thought the change in residency laws would damage Swedish competitiveness. 

“This is not good for Sweden. This will damage our ability to attract and recruit talent from other countries. For a country that lies on the periphery, the goal should be to make it easier, not harder, to recruit competence.”