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IMMIGRATION

Sales engineer to be deported from Sweden despite landmark ruling

A sales engineer at the industrial giant ABB has been given four weeks to leave Sweden, in a sign that the Migration Agency is still refusing permits because of minor bureaucratic errors.

Sales engineer to be deported from Sweden despite landmark ruling
Ali Omumi believes he is being punished for an administrative error made by his insurance company. Photo: Ali Omumi
Ali Omumi, from Iran, had his appeal rejected by Sweden's Migration Court on April 27, even though the court acknowledged in its judgement that he had been the victim of “a clear administrative error by the employer”. 
 
“When I opened the letter I couldn't believe my eyes,” Omumi told The Local. “I am confused and shocked. My wife, who studied law, repeatedly tells me that a punishment must be proportional to the mistake — a mistake which, in this case, I have not even made myself.” 
 
In its judgement, the court referenced December's landmark judgement from the Migration Court of Appeal, which requires migration officials to take an “overall assessment” in cases involving bureaucratic errors such as Omumi's.
 
But the court said it had nonetheless decided to refuse to renew the 38-year-old's permit . 
 
“The Migration Agency considers that, even taking an overall assessment, the employment conditions have not been in keeping with union agreements or common practice within the industry,” it ruled.  
 
Bengt Isman, Omumi's lawyer, said the ruling was a worrying sign that the migration court was adopting the narrowest possible interpretation of the judgement in the so-called “pizza baker case“. 
 
“I was very surprised. From my point of view it's a ridiculous decision,” he said. “Next week we’ll be appealing to the Court of Appeal.” 
 
In the December ruling, the court advised the agency not to refuse permits as a result of small administrative errors that employers had spotted and tried to fix.
 
In March, Sweden's government said it was cancelling plans for a new work permit law because the pizza baker verdict had already solved the key issues.  
 
Omumi's problems go back to the failure of the software startup which gave him his first job in Sweden back in 2015 to complete documentation for his pension and health insurance, and also the fact that it let him work for three weeks before getting life and accident insurance. 
 
“According to the contract I had all four insurances, and I also asked my employer verbally a couple of times, saying, 'do I have this insurance? And they said 'yes, sure',” Omumi said. 
 
 
It was only when he moved to Vestas, the wind turbine manufacturer, and his new employer asked for documentation, that he discovered that two of the insurance policies his employer believed they had arranged with the insurance company had never in fact been signed. 
 
“He was like 'oh my god, two are missing', Omumi told The Local.
 
The software company succeeded in retroactively fixing Omumi's pension for the time he worked for them, but was unable to do so with the health insurance as no insurance companies was willing to insure him for a period that had already passed. 
 
The Migration Court in its judgement said Omumi should not have his permit renewed in part because the software company had not fixed its original error. 
 
Omumi believes that the insurance issuer mishandled the policies, because it is a bank for whom insurance is not a core business. 
 
“It was the insurance company that messed it up,” he said. “I was 100 percent innocent and my first employer was also 100 percent innocent.”
 
But his employer has not able to prove that it was unaware that Omumi was working without the correct insurance. 
 
Omumi, who was in charge of Vestas' bid management for Northern Europe before moving to ABB, claims to have had job offers from companies in Austria, The Netherlands, and Germany.  
 
“I have opportunities,” he said. “I have an added value for a country or a company.” 
 
But he wants to stay in Sweden, partly because his four-year-old daughter already speaks the language, and partly because his wife's father and sister live in the country. 
 
“It's a big challenge for someone that young to learn a third language, and its also a lot of stress for her to move.” 
 

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WORK PERMITS

How foreigners can get on the fast track for a work permit in Sweden

It can now take about six months to get a work permit in Sweden, and a year for an extension. Here's how you can get on the fast track.

How foreigners can get on the fast track for a work permit in Sweden

How long does it normally take to get a permit to work in Sweden? 

According to the calculator on the Migration Agency’s website, 75 percent of first work permit applications are completed within three months, and 75 percent of work permit extensions are completed within 14 months. 

These numbers, though, are only for people in non-risk industries. If you are applying for a job in the cleaning, building, hotel and restaurant, or car repair industries — all of which are seen as high risk by the agency — applications can take much longer to be approved. 

For these industries, the calculator suggests a long 12-month wait for a first application and a 17-month wait for an extension. 

This is because of the higher number of unscrupulous employers in these industries who do not pay foreign workers their promised salaries, or do not fulfil other requirements in their work permit applications, such as offering adequate insurance and other benefits. 

So how do you get on the fast track for a permit? 

There are two ways to get your permit more rapidly: the so-called “certified process” and the EU’s Blue Card scheme for highly skilled employees. 

What is the certified process?

The certified process was brought in back in 2011 by the Moderate-led Alliance government to help reduce the then 12-month wait for work permits.

Under the process, bigger, more reputable Swedish companies and trusted intermediaries handling other applications for clients, such as the major international accounting firms, can become so-called “certified operators”, putting the work permit applications they handle for employees on a fast track, with much quicker processing times. 

The certified operator or the certified intermediary is then responsible for making sure applications are ‘ready for decision’, meaning the agency does not need to spend as much time on them. 
You can find answers to the most common questions about the certified process on the Migration Agency’s website

How much quicker can a decision be under the certified process? 
Under the agreement between certified employers and the Migration Agency, it should take just two weeks to process a fresh work permit application, and four weeks to get an extension. 
Unfortunately, the agency is currently taking much longer: between one and three months for a fresh application, and around five to six months for an extension. 
This is still roughly half the time it takes for an employee seeking a permit outside the certified process. 
The Migration Agency told the Dagens Nyheter newspaper in a recent article that in September the average decision had taken 105 days, while over the year as a whole, applications for certified companies had taken 46 days, and those for non-certified companies 120 days. 

How can someone planning to move to Sweden for work take advantage of the certified process? 
Unfortunately, it is very much up to your employer. If you are planning to move to Sweden for work, you should make sure to ask prospective employers if they are certified, or sub-certified through an intermediary firm, and take that into account when deciding which company to take a job with. 
Smaller IT companies are often not certified, as they tend to start off by recruiting from within Sweden or the European Union. 
If you have begun a work permit application with a company that is not certified or sub-certified, then you cannot get onto the fast track even if your employer gets certified while you are waiting for a decision. 
The certified process can also not be used to get a work permit for an employee of a multinational company who is moving to the Swedish office from an office in another country. 
If my employer is certified, what do I need to do?
You will need to sign a document giving power of attorney to the person at your new company who is handling the application, both on behalf of yourself and of any family members you want to bring to Sweden.  
You should also double check the expiry date on your passport and on those of your dependents, and if necessary applying for a new passport before applying, as you can only receive a work permit for the length of time for which you have a valid passport. 

Which companies are certified? 
Initially, only around 20 companies were certified, in recent years the Migration Agency has opened up the scheme to make it easier for companies to get certified, meaning there are now about 100 companies directly certified, and many more sub-certified. 
To get certified, a company needs to have handled at least ten work permit applications for foreign employees over the past 18 months (there are exceptions for startups), and also to have a record of meeting the demands for work and residency permits.  
The company also needs to have a recurring need to hire from outside the EU, with at least ten applications expected a year. 
The Migration Agency is reluctant to certify or sub-certify companies working in industries where it judges there is a high risk of non-compliance with the terms of work permits, such as the building industry, the hotel and restaurant industry, the retail industry, and agriculture and forestry. 
Most of the bigger Swedish firms that rely on foreign expertise, for example Ericsson, are certified. 
The biggest intermediaries through whom companies can become sub-certified are the big four accounting firms, Ernst & Young, Deloitte, KPMG, and Vialto (a spin-off from PwC), and the specialist relocation firms Human Entrance, and Alpha Relocation. Bråthe estimates that these six together control around 60 percent of the market. Other players include K2 Corporate Mobility, Key Relocation, Nordic Relocation, and some of the big corporate law firms operating in Sweden, such as Ving and Bird & Bird. 

What is the EU Blue Card, how can I get one, and how can it help speed up the work permit process? 
Sweden’s relatively liberal system for work permits, together with the certification system, has meant that in recent years there has been scant demand for the EU Blue Card. 
The idea for the Blue Card originally sprung from the Brussels think-tank Bruegel, and was written into EU law in August 2012. The idea was to mimic the US system of granting workers a card giving full employment rights and expedited permanent residency. Unlike with the US Green Card, applicants must earn a salary that is at least 1.5 times as high as the average in the country where they are applying.
Germany is by far the largest granter of EU blue cards, divvying out nearly 90 percent of the coveted cards, followed by France (3.6 percent), Poland (3.2 percent) and Luxembourg (3 percent).

How can I qualify for a Blue Card?

The card is granted to anyone who has an accredited university degree (you need 180 university credits or högskolepoäng in Sweden’s system), and you need to be offered a job paying at least one and a half times the average Swedish salary (about 55,000 kronor a month).

How long does a blue card take to get after application in Sweden? 

According to the Migration Agency, a Blue Card application is always handled within 90 days, with the card then sent to the embassy or consulate named in the application.

In Sweden ,it is only really worth applying for a Blue Card if you are applying to work at a company that is not certified and are facing a long processing time.

EU Blue Cards are issued for a minimum of one year and a maximum of two years. 

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