Swedish word of the day: kex

Catherine Edwards
Catherine Edwards - [email protected]
Swedish word of the day: kex
If you want to get a southern and a northern Swede into an argument, bring up this word. Photo: Annie Spratt/Unsplash/Nicolas Raymond

We've chosen a tasty noun for our Swedish word of the day, but it's a word that even Swedish speakers are often unsure how to pronounce.


Kex is the Swedish term for biscuit (or cookie, for our American readers). Foods that fall into the kex category are generally hard (as opposed to soft cake, which is called kaka or tårta), thin, and flat, and can be sweet or savoury, in contrast to the English definition by which they're almost always sweet.

The noun actually derives from the English term "cakes", which itself was borrowed from Old Norse kaka. But Swedish differentiates between kaka and kex: kaka refers to baked goods which would be called biscuits in English (like pepparkaka or gingerbread) as well as ones which correspond to English cake (like morotskaka or carrot cake), while kex refers to a sub-category of biscuits.

This includes the small cookies that often come served with tea or coffee at fika time, but also savoury snacks eaten in the same context as bread or crackers, topped with savoury pastes, eaten with cheese or even served with soup. If you want to refer specifically to sweet biscuits, say småkaka (literally "little cake").

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One of the most popular brands is Mariekex, and there's also a chocolate bar called Kexchoklad, which has a nougat wafer filling (as this chocolate bar has the word KEX written in big letters on the wrapper, many foreigners make the mistake of thinking it's called "Kex", but no Swede would ever say this – it's always Kexchoklad).

The oldest known use of kex in Sweden was in an 18th-century cookbook, and like many loan words, spelling was unstable at first, so in older written records it's spelled cakes, caksen, kakes, and later käx, kjex, and kiks.


A common linguistic debate between Swedes from the south and north of the country is whether the word should be pronounced with a "k" sound (as in the root word "cakes") or with a "sh" sound. Southerners and Gothenburgers tend to say shex, while northern Swedes and Stockholmers go for kex

Swedish linguists tend to favour the former pronunciation as the most correct, due to analogy with other words such as kedja (chain), but at The Local we're in favour of linguistic variation and the Swedish Language Council says both forms are valid, so pronounce it whichever way you choose, as long as you get your biscuit. But if you find yourself in a group of Swedes from across the country, starting a kex/shex debate is a good way to fill any awkward silences.

Kex can also be used as an affectionate term for a woman, as in the classic pick-up line tjena kexet, står du här och smular? (hey cookie, are you standing there crumbling?). And in slang, it can refer to 1,000 kronor, so if someone tells you they earned tjugo kex (literally "twenty biscuits") last week at work, there's no need to worry that they're being exploited.



Vi bjuder på kaffe och kex

We're serving coffee and biscuits

Det står ett paket kex i skåpet

There's a pack of biscuits in the cupboard

Looking for a good idea for a Christmas present?

Villa, Volvo, Vovve: The Local’s Word Guide to Swedish Life, written by The Local’s journalists, is available to order. Head to to read more about it. It's also possible to buy your copy from Amazon USAmazon UKBokus or Adlibris.


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