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NORTHERN LIGHTS

KEY TIPS: How to take the best pictures of the Northern Lights

The Northern Lights season is here. Taking these pictures is an art itself and requires preparation, so The Local spoke to an expert to find out how to take awe-inspiring snaps of the Northern Lights.

KEY TIPS: How to take the best pictures of the Northern Lights
The Northern Lights at Abisko national park. Photo: Chad Blakley/Lights over Lapland

The Northern Lights are also known as Aurora Borealis and are a natural phenomenon occurring when electrically charged particles from the sun collide with gaseous particles in the earth’s atmosphere.

The colourful displays can appear from the beginning of October to the end of March in large parts of northern Scandinavia, as long as the sky is clear, but even if you travel to Lapland a sighting is not guaranteed, and a good picture is even less so. 

READ ALSO: Where to see the Northern Lights in Sweden

What do I need to take with me?

If you want to get a good photo, the essentials are a camera (preferably not a mobile phone — see below) and a tripod. Because the photos will be taken at night, you might need to work with long exposures, and a tripod keeps the camera steady to make this easier.

Winter temperatures in northern Scandinavia can go far below zero, so warm clothing is absolutely crucial. Another side effect of the cold is that your camera battery will drain faster, so remember to bring enough spare fully charged batteries.

Abisko-based photographer Chad Blakley, the co-founder of Lights over Lapland, recommends that other than these essentials, you should try to pack as lightly as possible, as there might be a lot of moving around involved in order to get the best shots.

As well as preparing the right equipment, make sure that you don’t go out alone. 

“You should take someone with you who is experienced in the field. Even for professional photographers it can be hard to take beautiful pictures – especially if it’s the first time trying out Aurora photography,” Blakley told The Local.

READ ALSO: Members’ Q&A: How do you dress for the cold weather in Sweden?


Photo: Chad Blakley/Lights over Lapland

Where should I go?

The Northern Lights appear almost exclusively above the magnetic poles of the northern hemisphere, which for Sweden and Norway means the northern regions, like Lapland. To see them as brightly as possible, a clear night sky is best – so it makes sense to look for regions with little precipitation and light pollution. So it’s best to follow a precipitation radar for your planned trip, and try to find an open space. 

Can I use my mobile phone?

Some people might not own a camera and a mobile phone might seem like a good substitute, but that’s not really the case.

It’s difficult to mount a mobile phone of a tripod and there are usually not enough manual settings to change.

But that’s not even the biggest problem. Blakley notes that phone batteries are “notoriously bad with cold weather and die within ten minutes outside.” So it’s better to either invest in a good camera or borrow one (most guides and tour companies will offer this option) to get satisfying results.

READ ALSO: Seven stunning Northern Lights snaps from Sweden

Do I need special equipment?

“That depends on your expectations,” says Blakley.

“You can go to the store and buy the most basic camera with a kit lens and still take okay pictures. But if you want to take better ones, there are definitely benefits to a wide-angle lens. A tripod is pretty important – you could technically use any still surface, but that just makes it more difficult.”

You might also find a remote shutter release helpful, which prevents the camera from shaking while releasing the shutter. This can be useful when taking long exposure photos. 

How do I focus my camera on the Lights?

When taking pictures in broad daylight, it’s common to set the camera on auto focus. That way, it finds a point and focuses on that – usually the whole picture comes out sharp that way. At night, it’s a different story. It’s hard for a camera to autofocus on an object in the darkness.

The solution is a manual focus. That way the photographer decides on the focal point. If you use a manual focus however, make sure to check the photos repeatedly to make sure they turn out sharp.


Photo: Chad Blakley/Lights over Lapland

Should I use special camera settings?

The best settings for taking spectacular Aurora photos vary. It depends on the brightness of the Northern Lights themselves, as well as other factors such as external light sources.

“Every camera sees colours in a different way,” explains Blakley. “Our goal is always to make the Northern Lights come out as realistic as possible.”

To achieve that, he says that there is not one fixed shutter speed. “You generally want to use a slow shutter speed. But remember, the longer it takes, the more you see the movement and the brighter it gets.” Blakley also suggested a high ISO (which determines the light sensitivity of the camera) of 800-1600, depending on the Aurora.

What are the common mistakes and how can I avoid them?

There are three common mistakes made by beginner Aurora photographers. Luckily, it’s quite easy to avoid them.

1. Overdoing the exposure time or the editing of the final photographs. It’s easy to make the Northern Lights look much brighter than they are. But that could also raise the expectations of future visitors, which might cause disappointment when they realize that the Aurora isn’t always as bright as it seems on the pictures. To prevent the natural beauty from being lost, Blakley suggests always using the fastest shutter speed possible and keeping edits to a minimum.

2. Messing up the focus. That can easily happen, especially if you’re not used to a manual focus. “The cold can warp the glass in the lens and therefore blur the picture,” explains Blakley. His tip: “I suggest checking the focus every ten to 20 photographs by zooming in on the stars and check if they’re still sharp.”

3. Ruining your camera. It sounds dramatic, but again, this is easily done. When you come back in to the warmth of a house after taking photos in the icy cold outside, the camera will get covered in condensation. That means that you can’t take any more photos. The excessive moisture can also damage your camera. Make sure to let it warm up slowly by putting it in a plastic bag when you come back in – that way the condensation will be on the outside of the bag and not on the camera.

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DISCOVER SWEDEN

Five of the best spots in Sweden for a naked swim

As temperatures soar in Sweden this week, even the thought of wearing a swimsuit might seem a bit much. If you feel the need to expose a little more skin to the elements, here are some of Sweden's best nude beaches.

Five of the best spots in Sweden for a naked swim

From vast, sandy shores to coastlines dotted with caves and inlets, Sweden’s as many as 90 nudist beaches span the range of what the country’s beaches have to offer.

According to Malin ArlinderEkberg, chair of the Swedish Naturist Federation, interest in naked swimming and bathing grew significantly in Sweden during the pandemic. 

“Those [nudist] associations which have camp sited had more visitors than they usually do, a whole lot of people who wanted to try something new when everyone was having holidays at home,” she told TT in an interview last summer. 

But she said that while Swedes aren’t particularly shy about getting their clothes off, they were reluctant to tell friends that they visited nudist beaches. 

“On hot days, the nudist beaches are rammed, but I promise you that 90 percent of those there won’t dare tell friends and relatives that they go there. The first step is to talk about it and not make such a big deal out of it. Everyone at my job knows I’m a naturist. I do the same things that you and everyone else does, just without clothes.

But you don’t have to join the federation, or even visit a nudist beach, to enjoy a naked swim in Sweden. 

Almost any spot by the sea or on a lake can be your own nude swim spot, so long as you remain respectful of other visitors who prefer to keep their bikinis and swimming trunks on, and choose a moment when there’s no one nearby to strip off and leap in.  The rule is not to flaunt your nakedness.  

READ ALSO: How to find Sweden’s cleanest and best beaches in the summer of 2022 

Sandhammaren

The Sandhammaren beach in Ystad is among Skåne’s most popular, and it’s easy to see why it’s often considered one of Sweden’s best beaches. Its white sandy dunes and long coastline in the southern tip of Sweden make it a popular spot for swimmers and sunbathers, while the pine forest inland is perfect for walks year-round (clothes not optional when traipsing through the forest).

Watch out for strong currents when venturing out for a swim. Historically, pirates took advantage of the strong currents at Sweden’s southernmost tip to run unwitting ships aground before swooping in to plunder the ships.

When you tire of sun and sea, you can visit a lighthouse that dates back to the 1860s, or head back toward Ystad, which The Local ranked among Sweden’s cutest hidden gems in 2015.

Ribersborg
Another one of the many beaches Skåne has to offer, Ribersborg – or Ribban, as the locals say – is close to Malmö’s city centre.

The nude section at this beach is designated at brygga, or bridge, 10, where you’ll also find a public restroom and outdoor shower. If you fancy getting back into your clothes after a few hours in the sun, there’s an outdoor gym you can use, or you can take your dog to the large, dog-friendly area.

Malin Arlinder-Ekberg, chair of the Swedish Naturist Federation, at Ågesta nudist beach. Pontus Lundahl/TT

Ågesta

Ågesta is Stockholm’s only official nudist beach, although you will find naked visitors at other breaches, such as Brunnsviken, Lövnäsbadet, and Kärsön.

At Ågesta, by Lake Magelungen, you’ll find a sandy beach where you can bring the whole family. There are play areas, picnic tables, and even a barbecue area.

Venture inland from the rocky shore and you’ll find yourself walking through the forest that surrounds the beach. And if you tire of the sand, there’s a large grass-covered area where you can spread your towel and settle in for a day of sunbathing – without any tan lines getting in the way.

Amundön

Gothenburg’s Amundön is more rocky than sandy, but don’t let that deter you. Here, you’ll find a hilly 4.5km trail in a protected part of Gothenburg’s archipelago. On your way to the nudist beach, you’ll pass through various hilly and grassy landscapes on your way to the large rocks and cliffs that make up the coast.

On a warm summer evening, the cliffs are ideal for watching the sunset. Bring your own refreshments, because the amenities here are limited to a public restroom. In between dips in the water, you can sunbathe on the rocks or explore the archipelago.

Gustavsberg

Another official beach, Gustavsberg, by the Nora lake in Dalarna, boasts a sand beach with shallow waters that make it safe for even the youngest swimmers. Between the playground, picnic area, grassy sunbathing area, and large barbecue area, it’s easy to spend long Swedish summer days at Gustavsberg. 

There’s a camping space here too, if you can’t tear yourself away from this idyllic space. Rates are available here.

If the shore and camping area get too crowded, rent a boat – you can also buy a fishing
license – and paddle out into the lake for some solitude. 

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