For members


These are the most future-proof jobs for the next five years in Sweden

If you want to increase your chances of finding work in Sweden over the next five years, it's worth knowing the professions expected to have high demand for workers.

These are the most future-proof jobs for the next five years in Sweden
Training as a teacher is likely to ensure you have job security in the future. Photo: Berit Roald/NTB scanpix/TT

This article is available to Members of The Local. Read more Membership Exclusives here.

In a report released on Thursday, the Swedish Public Employment Service revealed the best professions to work in if you want secure job opportunities in an ever-changing labour market.

The Swedish labour market is forecast to be lacking 100,000 people with the right skills for in-demand jobs by 2024, if current trends continue. It was the first time that the Public Employment Service has quantified the potential future labour shortage, and in particular, the fields of healthcare and teaching will be in need of qualified workers, with teaching positions making up more than half of the predicted 100,000 positions.

Other areas expected to have a shortage of qualified workers are data and IT as well as social care. 

Most of the jobs predicted to have the lowest competition require specific qualifications, such as university or vocational education, but the government agency noted that some employers have begun to lower education or experience requirements in order to fill vacancies for in-demand positions.

This could mean that new graduates, as well as recent arrivals from other countries, have an increased chance of finding work in these fields, and is particularly relevant for international professionals whose overseas qualifications may not be officially recognized in Sweden.

READ ALSO: How to impress at a Swedish job interview

“This poses major challenges, not least for the public sector. To cope with the supply of skills, the educational system has a crucial role, but employers also have a responsibility to make the professions more attractive and attract more to education that leads to jobs” said Annelie Almérus, an analyst at the Public Employment Service.

At the other end of the scale, the jobs predicted to have the highest level of competition in 2024 included bank clerks, executive secretaries, estate agents, financial analysts and investment advisers, and photographers. Also on the list were several creative and media jobs, such as graphic designers, communication professionals and PR specialists, journalists, and musicians and composers.

The report was based on interviews with over 14,000 interviews with employers in both the public and private sectors, and 20 of the most future-proof jobs according to its findings are listed below.

The ten most future-proof jobs requiring higher education

Civil engineer, engineer, or technician
Preschool teacher
Doctor or dentist
Software and system developers
Social worker
System developers and IT architects

The ten most future-proof jobs with no higher education needed

Construction worker
Concrete finisher, bricklayer, or painter/decorator
Bus, tram, or truck driver
Nursing assistant


Browse thousands of English-language jobs in Sweden

Member comments

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.
For members


Reader question: When am I eligible for a Swedish pension?

A reader got in touch to ask how long he had to work in Sweden before he was eligible for a pension. Here are Sweden's pension rules, and how you can get your pension when the time comes.

Reader question: When am I eligible for a Swedish pension?

The Swedish pension is part of the country’s social insurance system, and it can seem like a confusing beast at times. The good news is that if you’re living and working here, you’ll almost certainly be earning towards a pension, and you’ll be able to get that money even if you move elsewhere before retirement.

You will start earning your Swedish general pension, or allmän pension, once you’ve earned over 20,431 kronor in a single year, and – for almost all kinds of pension in Sweden – there is no time limit on how long you must have lived in Sweden before you are eligible.

The exception is the minimum guarantee pension, or garantipension, which you can receive whether you’ve worked or not. To be eligible at all for this, you need to have lived in Sweden for a period of at least three years before you are 65 years old. 

“There’s a limit, but it’s a money limit,” Johan Andersson, press secretary at the Swedish Pension Agency told The Local about the general pension. “When you reach the point that you start paying tax, you start paying into your pension.”

“But you have to apply for your pension, make sure you get in touch with us when you want to start receiving it,” he said.

Here’s our in-depth guide on how you can maximise your Swedish pension, even if you’re only planning on staying in Sweden short-term.

Those who spend only a few years working in Sweden will earn a much smaller pension than people who work here for their whole lives, but they are still entitled to something – people who have worked in Sweden will keep their income pension, premium pension, supplementary pension and occupational pension that they have earned in Sweden, even if they move to another country. The pension is paid no matter where in the world you live, but must be applied for – it is not automatically paid out at retirement age.

If you retire in the EU/EEA, or another country with which Sweden has a pension agreement, you just need to apply to the pension authority in your country of residence in order to start drawing your Swedish pension. If you live in a different country, you should contact the Swedish Pensions Agency for advice on accessing your pension, which is done by filling out a form (look for the form called Ansök om allmän pension – om du är bosatt utanför Sverige).

The agency recommends beginning the application process at least three months before you plan to take the pension, and ideally six months beforehand if you live abroad. It’s possible to have the pension paid into either a Swedish bank account or an account outside Sweden.

A guarantee pension – for those who live on a low income or no income while in Sweden – can be paid to those living in Sweden, an EU/EEA country, Switzerland or, in some cases, Canada. This is the only Swedish pension which is affected by how long you’ve lived in Sweden – you can only receive it if you’ve lived in the country for at least three years before the age of 65.

“The guarantee pension is residence based,” Andersson said. “But it’s lower if you haven’t lived in Sweden for at least 40 years. You are eligible for it after living in Sweden for only three years, but it won’t be that much.”