Kompetensutvisning literally means 'skill/competence deportation', and refers to the phenomenon of the Swedish Migration Agency ordering foreign workers to leave the country.
It is most often used in cases where the person in question is highly qualified and moved to Sweden to work in an in-demand sector such as technology or IT, before later being ordered to leave due to a minor error in their work permit paperwork. This happens a lot more often that you might think, due to laws which were introduced to clamp down on exploitation of foreign workers but which have ended up being close to impossible to follow to the letter.
The term kompetensutvisning was coined by newspaper Svenska Dagbladet in 2017 to highlight the absurdity of Sweden's efforts to attract more international talent while at the same time making it difficult for these people to stay in the country.
Because it's hard to give a concise English translation, the word kompetensutvisning is often used by English speakers in Sweden too.
But the word itself has generated some controversy.
Some have argued that the term suggests that Swedes view foreigners first and foremost in terms of the benefit they can bring to Sweden, focusing on the potential damage to the Swedish economy rather than the personal cost to those affected.
Kompetensutvisningar are most likely to happen when people apply for a work permit renewal, meaning they will have spent at least three years in Sweden and possibly more if they initially moved to the country on a different kind of visa, for example to study or join a Swedish partner. This means many of those affected have put down roots, made friendships and learned the language.
In 2017, more than 1,500 people had their work permit extensions rejected. It's not possible to say how many rejections were due to minor errors, but the number is well over double the figures for the previous four years. And despite changes to legislation aimed at curbing the problem, employees and entrepreneurs are still being told to leave Sweden due to minor errors.
Kompetensutvisningar är ett växande problem
The deportation of skilled workers is a growing problem
Sverige har inte råd med kompetensutvisningar
Sweden can't afford to deport skilled foreign workers