‘Don’t wait until you’re fluent to speak Swedish. You have the right to practise’

MY SWEDISH CAREER: For linguist Sarah Campbell, relocating to Sweden was an adventure and an opportunity to learn a new language. What she didn't expect was that the move would lead her to a new career – as an author.

'Don't wait until you're fluent to speak Swedish. You have the right to practise'
Author Sarah Campbell and her family. Photo: Private

Sweden was never on the Brit's radar as a place Campbell would wind up living: “I'd always thought I'd live in Germany, because I speak German, but when my husband was awarded a place on a PhD at Uppsala University, we changed our plans.”

In 2014, the former language teacher moved to join her husband in Uppsala with her then seven-month-old daughter in tow – and very few expectations of the country she was taking up residence in. “I'd never been to Sweden before we moved over. For us at that time it was a really exciting adventure.”

“And actually, when we came over here, we thought it'd be for a fixed period and then we'd move back to the UK. What we hadn't reckoned with was how much we'd really love Sweden.”


Unsurprisingly, given her background as a language teacher, Campbell embarked upon learning Swedish with enthusiasm. And rather than restricting her practice to the classroom, Campbell put her newly learned words to use wherever she went, from cafés to preschools.

“I'm a total languages geek. I really went for it – I did the whole learner thing: bought a phrasebook and tried out the words in it everywhere we went. The place I found most opportunity to speak was my children's open preschool – which I would recommend to all parents in Sweden as a place to meet people. I also went to a conversation group at the library.”

Reassuringly for those not gifted in picking up new languages, Swedish didn't come immediately for the now-PhD student. “At the beginning, when I was around Swedish friends, I'd formulate something to say in my head, but by the time I'd thought of it, the conversation had moved on. I'd be sat there silently, trying to catch up!”

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Sarah Campbell and her family have been in Uppsala since 2014. Photo: Mark Harris/

“The main thing was that I met so many brilliant people who would listen and be really patient when I was trying to learn Swedish. They'd wait while I was trying to get these really clunky sentences out. There was a lot of observing other people speaking in Swedish; it's a great way of taking the language in.”

Being happy to try out her Swedish skills didn't leave Campbell immune to the rite of passage for any newcomer: the cultural misunderstanding. “One particular moment sticks in my mind, from the first few weeks here, I'd thought: 'I've heard of 'fika', we must get one'. So, we went to a café in town, I ordered my coffee and waited and waited for it to be delivered to my table. Then, after about 20 minutes, I went over to ask where it was.”

“The person behind the till looked at me like I was mad; I hadn't realized that in Sweden you go and get your coffee yourself. It was a moment of 'Ah, I don't understand how things are done here!”


She persisted and now is comfortable in Swedish in most situations. And persisting is something Campbell is passionate about, having made it her mission to encourage non-natives to speak Swedish, regardless of their ability.

“So many people fall into the trap of thinking that their words aren't worth anything if they're not grammatically correct – but that's just not true. Don't wait until you're fluent to speak. You have the right to practise, whatever your level. This is something that I'm almost evangelical about.”

“You've got to really be prepared to give it a go. To force yourself, even when it gets tough. Even in those times where you think 'I thought that what I said was really brilliant, but I got a blank look'. It's easier said than done, but it's really true. It'll take you further than you could know.”

It was this belief that proved to be the kernel of inspiration propelling Campbell into her career as an author. She's just published her first book, 'Swedish for parents: language for life with a young family in Sweden', which is designed to give the benefit of her experience as support to those just arriving in the country.






A post shared by Sarah Campbell (@swedishforparents) on Feb 1, 2019 at 11:30am PST

“I wanted to write a book that would give parents the words that they specifically would need to establish a life here. Initially, when I pitched the idea to my now-editor it was meant to just be a bit of a glossary.”

But, as the Brit began writing, she found the concept was evolving and turning into something unexpected – a holistic guide. “It's really the book I wish I would have had when we came over. It's got everything from family-specific vocabulary to layering tips around what to dress your kids in in the winter. That's a tricky one for people not used to the Swedish weather!”

As for the response to the book? Despite only being released in early February 2019, it's already proving popular. “We landed up in the Bokus bestsellers list over the weekend it was released, which felt brilliant. The response has been really positive; one reader said that it made them feel less alone. That's incredible to hear.”

For those coming to the country, Campbell's advice is practical: “Know where you're going to live. That's the one thing that's really hard about Sweden. We assumed – naively – that we'd be able to go into a lettings agent and say 'here's our deposit'. That's absolutely not how it works. So, make sure you've got options; put your feelers out before you get here.”

Her second piece of advice is harder to plan for: “Come with an open mind and come prepared to make the most of things. Lots of people have an idea of what life in Sweden in life is like – and that's not always accurate. You're likely to find it's different to how you might have thought it would be.”

Reflecting on her almost-five years in the country, Campbell has found unexpected and welcomed opportunities in Sweden. In April 2018, she was given a place on a competitive PhD programme at Uppsala University. “I thought I'd missed the boat to study a PhD. When I moved over here, I was looking to move away from teaching, to start my own business, with a little bit of copywriting and translating. But when I saw this PhD I knew I had to apply; I think the book was a big part of my being accepted onto the programme.”

“Though I'd always loved writing, I never imagined I would actually become an author. For me that was something other people did, it was a different world to the one I occupied. But in Sweden everything led naturally to this point. To throw out an old cliché, it's like a dream come true.”

The symmetry of Campbell's journey in Sweden doesn't escape her. “On the first day we were here, we went to the library and got a library card. And now my book's stocked on the shelves of that same library. It really feels like everything's come full circle.”

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Reader question: When am I eligible for a Swedish pension?

A reader got in touch to ask how long he had to work in Sweden before he was eligible for a pension. Here are Sweden's pension rules, and how you can get your pension when the time comes.

Reader question: When am I eligible for a Swedish pension?

The Swedish pension is part of the country’s social insurance system, and it can seem like a confusing beast at times. The good news is that if you’re living and working here, you’ll almost certainly be earning towards a pension, and you’ll be able to get that money even if you move elsewhere before retirement.

You will start earning your Swedish general pension, or allmän pension, once you’ve earned over 20,431 kronor in a single year, and – for almost all kinds of pension in Sweden – there is no time limit on how long you must have lived in Sweden before you are eligible.

The exception is the minimum guarantee pension, or garantipension, which you can receive whether you’ve worked or not. To be eligible at all for this, you need to have lived in Sweden for a period of at least three years before you are 65 years old. 

“There’s a limit, but it’s a money limit,” Johan Andersson, press secretary at the Swedish Pension Agency told The Local about the general pension. “When you reach the point that you start paying tax, you start paying into your pension.”

“But you have to apply for your pension, make sure you get in touch with us when you want to start receiving it,” he said.

Here’s our in-depth guide on how you can maximise your Swedish pension, even if you’re only planning on staying in Sweden short-term.

Those who spend only a few years working in Sweden will earn a much smaller pension than people who work here for their whole lives, but they are still entitled to something – people who have worked in Sweden will keep their income pension, premium pension, supplementary pension and occupational pension that they have earned in Sweden, even if they move to another country. The pension is paid no matter where in the world you live, but must be applied for – it is not automatically paid out at retirement age.

If you retire in the EU/EEA, or another country with which Sweden has a pension agreement, you just need to apply to the pension authority in your country of residence in order to start drawing your Swedish pension. If you live in a different country, you should contact the Swedish Pensions Agency for advice on accessing your pension, which is done by filling out a form (look for the form called Ansök om allmän pension – om du är bosatt utanför Sverige).

The agency recommends beginning the application process at least three months before you plan to take the pension, and ideally six months beforehand if you live abroad. It’s possible to have the pension paid into either a Swedish bank account or an account outside Sweden.

A guarantee pension – for those who live on a low income or no income while in Sweden – can be paid to those living in Sweden, an EU/EEA country, Switzerland or, in some cases, Canada. This is the only Swedish pension which is affected by how long you’ve lived in Sweden – you can only receive it if you’ve lived in the country for at least three years before the age of 65.

“The guarantee pension is residence based,” Andersson said. “But it’s lower if you haven’t lived in Sweden for at least 40 years. You are eligible for it after living in Sweden for only three years, but it won’t be that much.”