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Worker shortage: These are the most in-demand jobs in Sweden

There is a major shortage of qualified workers on the Swedish job market, the country's Public Employment Agency (Arbetsförmedlingen) warns in a new report in which it updated its job forecasts for 200 professions. So which are the hottest jobs in Sweden right now?

Worker shortage: These are the most in-demand jobs in Sweden
Which are the professions crying out for workers in Sweden? File photo: Sofia Sabel/imagebank.sweden.se

Of the 200 professions analyzed, the agency said there was a shortage of qualified staff — and therefore a high chance of finding employment for those who fit the bill — in three quarters of the total. The majority of these required tertiary education or other specialized training.

People trained as teachers, IT developers, or in a medical profession all had a high chance of finding work, according to the analysis which was in line with previous studies.

“The best way to increase one's chances of a firm placement in the job market is an upper secondary school or university education,” said Arbetsförmedlingen analyst Olle Ahlberg, who said the shortage in these jobs “has both persisted and increased”.

Ahlberg also stressed the importance of increasing the employment rate among foreign-born people in Sweden. Over the last few years, most new jobs have gone to foreign-born workers, but there remains a significant gap in employment rate between those born in Sweden and those born elsewhere.

“Getting foreign-born people into the job market is crucial for employers' possibilities to recruit and for the employment rate to increase,” said Ahlberg. 

WORKING IN SWEDEN:

Over the next year, the prognosis looked brightest for civil engineers, technicians, doctors, nurses, teachers including after-school teachers, and various other professions in the care sector.

Professions with a shortage of workers which did not require higher education included bus, tram and lorry driver, mechanics and electricians, waiters and cooks, and assistant nurses.

On the other hand, professions which only required a short training such as receptionists, shop assistants, and caretakers were among the most difficult to find work in, according to the analysis.

Meanwhile, the culture, media and design industries remained tough to break into due to high levels of competition and a surplus of qualified workers. 

READ ALSO: 'Not utilizing the skills of immigrants is a huge waste of resources'

 

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READER QUESTIONS

Reader question: When am I eligible for a Swedish pension?

A reader got in touch to ask how long he had to work in Sweden before he was eligible for a pension. Here are Sweden's pension rules, and how you can get your pension when the time comes.

Reader question: When am I eligible for a Swedish pension?

The Swedish pension is part of the country’s social insurance system, and it can seem like a confusing beast at times. The good news is that if you’re living and working here, you’ll almost certainly be earning towards a pension, and you’ll be able to get that money even if you move elsewhere before retirement.

You will start earning your Swedish general pension, or allmän pension, once you’ve earned over 20,431 kronor in a single year, and – for almost all kinds of pension in Sweden – there is no time limit on how long you must have lived in Sweden before you are eligible.

The exception is the minimum guarantee pension, or garantipension, which you can receive whether you’ve worked or not. To be eligible at all for this, you need to have lived in Sweden for a period of at least three years before you are 65 years old. 

“There’s a limit, but it’s a money limit,” Johan Andersson, press secretary at the Swedish Pension Agency told The Local about the general pension. “When you reach the point that you start paying tax, you start paying into your pension.”

“But you have to apply for your pension, make sure you get in touch with us when you want to start receiving it,” he said.

Here’s our in-depth guide on how you can maximise your Swedish pension, even if you’re only planning on staying in Sweden short-term.

Those who spend only a few years working in Sweden will earn a much smaller pension than people who work here for their whole lives, but they are still entitled to something – people who have worked in Sweden will keep their income pension, premium pension, supplementary pension and occupational pension that they have earned in Sweden, even if they move to another country. The pension is paid no matter where in the world you live, but must be applied for – it is not automatically paid out at retirement age.

If you retire in the EU/EEA, or another country with which Sweden has a pension agreement, you just need to apply to the pension authority in your country of residence in order to start drawing your Swedish pension. If you live in a different country, you should contact the Swedish Pensions Agency for advice on accessing your pension, which is done by filling out a form (look for the form called Ansök om allmän pension – om du är bosatt utanför Sverige).

The agency recommends beginning the application process at least three months before you plan to take the pension, and ideally six months beforehand if you live abroad. It’s possible to have the pension paid into either a Swedish bank account or an account outside Sweden.

A guarantee pension – for those who live on a low income or no income while in Sweden – can be paid to those living in Sweden, an EU/EEA country, Switzerland or, in some cases, Canada. This is the only Swedish pension which is affected by how long you’ve lived in Sweden – you can only receive it if you’ve lived in the country for at least three years before the age of 65.

“The guarantee pension is residence based,” Andersson said. “But it’s lower if you haven’t lived in Sweden for at least 40 years. You are eligible for it after living in Sweden for only three years, but it won’t be that much.”

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