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Swedish word of the day: mörk

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Swedish word of the day: mörk
It can also be used metaphorically. Image: nito103/Depositphotos
10:16 CEST+02:00
Mörk is a word you'll hear a lot during autumn and winter in Sweden, but where does it come from and how exactly do you use it? We've got the answers.

Mörk means 'dark'; it's the opposite of ljus (light/pale). Hear how it's pronounced in the clip below:

You can use mörk to describe a noun, whether it's a tangible object or something more abstract, for example ett mörkt rum (a dark room) or en mörk natt (a dark night).

Dumbledore, talking about the Swedish winter, we presume. via GIPHY

Mörk can also modify a colour adjective (such as blå or grön), in which case you simply combine both words to make a compound adjective, like mörkblå (dark blue) or mörkgrön (dark green), in contrast to English where both words would be kept separate. It can also be combined with other kinds of adjectives and adverbs, for example mörkhårig (brunette, or literally 'dark-haired').

But it's not always got anything to do with colour or lightness.

Like in English, mörk can be used metaphorically to talk about something sinister, not completely rational or understood, for example mörk magi (dark magic or black magic) or mörk materia (dark matter). And it can mean 'gloomy' or 'negative', for example mörka tider (dark times) or the phrases teckna en mörk bild (to paint a gloomy picture) or kasta en mörk skugga över (to cast a dark cloud over).

A good way for English-speakers to remember this word is to think of the similarity to 'murky', which means 'obscured/difficult to see'. In fact, both words have a shared origin, and until around 200-300 years ago, 'murk' was used as an adjective in English, including by William Shakespeare.

Both words come from the Old Norse word myrkr (darkness), and if you look even further back in linguistic history, there was an even older Germanic word merkwjo. Several other Scandinavian languages have related words: Norwegian and Danish mørk and Icelandic myrkur.

And don't forget to learn some of the related words to mörk. Mörkhet means 'darkness', which again can be both literal or figurative, and mörkrädd is 'scared of the dark'. 

Examples

Det finns mörka krafter som väntar i kulisserna
 
There are dark powers waiting behind the scenes

Det blir mörkare på morgonen

It's getting darker in the mornings

Do you have a favourite Swedish word you would like to nominate for our word of the day series? Get in touch by email or if you are a Member of The Local, log in to comment below.
 
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Tim Houghton - 19 Oct 2019 10:29
Hi, thanks for a great series! How about the word uppehåll? I was familiar with uppehållstillstånd, but then became aware of its use in weather reports in a way I didn't quite get...
Emma Löfgren, Editor, The Local Sweden - 22 Oct 2019 09:30
Hi Tim, that's a great idea, we'll put it on the list! In weather reports it means it's not raining. Thank you!
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