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Swedish word of the day: allhelgonadagen

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Swedish word of the day: allhelgonadagen
Image: nito103/Depositphotos
12:11 CET+01:00
Here's a word to help you join in the Swedish festivities this weekend.

Allhelgonadagen means All Saints Day, and is a religious festival marked on November 1st in Sweden as well as in several other countries, mostly Catholic.

You can break the word down quite easily into all ('all'), helgon ('saint', which is also the root of the word helg meaning 'weekend') and dag ('day').

Simple enough, you might think. But you'd be wrong.

Confusingly, Sweden also marks Alla helgons dag (which also translates as All Saints Day), and these are not the same thing. 

To understand the difference, we have to go back more than 1,000 years. At this time, November 1st was chosen as the day to celebrate saints who didn't have their own designated feast day. From the 11th century, the following day was known as All Souls' Day and used to remember all the dead, whether saintly or not.

Allhelgonadagen is November 1st, and although this is a public holiday in some countries, that's not been the case in Sweden since 1772, when it was abolished because celebrating saints was not seen as consistent with Protestant Lutheran beliefs.

Alla helgons dag meanwhile is always marked on the first Saturday of November. Some companies in Sweden give employees a half-day holiday on the preceding Friday (which this year coincides with allhelgonadagen, though that's not always the case), but this isn't compulsory.

FOR MEMBERS: How to make the most of Sweden's public holidays in 2019

The two were interchangeable until the 1950s, which was when alla helgons dag was moved from a fixed position on November 1st to the first Sunday of November (it was a few years later that it was moved to the Saturday).

You'll also hear the term allhelgonahelg (All Saints weekend) used to refer to the entire weekend. And Halloween, the October 31st celebration marked with trick or treating and themed parties, is a recent import to Sweden but quite different from the subdued atmosphere of All Saints, which is marked by visiting candlelit graveyards and remembering the dead.

The term allhelgonadagen was first recorded in Swedish in the 12th century, and it is considered the first day of winter by some. So expect to see ski resorts opening after this date and julmust appear on shop shelves (if it hasn't already made an early appearance).

Examples

Allhelgonadagen firas alltid den 1 november

All Saints Day is always celebrated on November 1st

Fram till 1953 var allhelgonadagen och Alla helgons dag samma sak

Up until 1953, allhelgonadagen and Alla helgons dag were the same thing

Do you have a favourite Swedish word you would like to nominate for our word of the day series? Get in touch by email or if you are a Member of The Local, log in to comment below.
 
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