How Sweden’s upper secondary schools are adapting to coronavirus
This week, Sweden's 'gymnasium' upper secondary schools for over 16-year-olds will restart physical classes, five months after they were closed in March. We look at what will be different.
Published: 11 August 2020 16:11 CEST Updated: 17 August 2020 07:09 CEST
Gymnasiums in Sweden are preparing to receive students for the first time in five months. Photo: Stina Stjernkvist/TT
Sweden shut upper secondary schools on March 17th, the same day it closed universities. This week, they will reopen for the first time.
Many teachers are concerned that it will be in practice impossible to keep even one metre's distance between pupils in classrooms, given the number of pupils.
While headteachers have been given leeway to rearrange the school day to reduce crowding, teachers told DN that this had not happened in practice, with many expected to return to the same classroom, the same schedule and the same number of students they had before schools closed.
In Stockholm many gymnasium schools have split their new students into three groups, who will each be given their own school start ceremony, to reduce crowding. Second and third years will start school without any sort of welcome ceremony.
Keep giving digital classes if necessary
While upper secondary schools are reopening, local municipalities and teachers are being given leeway to keep teaching some classes online, particularly if this deemed necessary to reduce crowding on public transport.
In Gothenburg, the city council has told upper secondary schools that they cannot have lessons that start before 9am, that the vocational streams can only have 80 percent of pupils in school at any one time, and the academic streams can only have 60 percent. This means many classes will remain online.
Photo: Henrik Montgomery/TT
Increase social distance
According to the guidelines from the Public Health Agency of Sweden, upper secondary schools should increase the distance between seats in classrooms, dining rooms, cafés, and other spaces as much as possible.
If large numbers of pupils gather in a certain area, such as a corridor, dining area, or hall, teachers should try to break them up.
School events with involve large gatherings, such as parent-teacher meetings, sit-down exams, musical performances, and morning assemblies, should be cancelled or rearranged.
Students should stay outdoors as much as possible in breaks and at other times.
Activities which involve close physical contact, such as certain parts of physical education, should be avoided.
Lunches and other breaks should be staggered to reduce crowding.
Hand washing facilities should be made available with soap and paper towels, and hand sanitiser should be available in areas where there are no basins available, such as the entry to dining rooms.
School toilets, tables, and door handles should be washed at least one a day with a mild alkaline detergent.
Teachers and students should stay home if ill
According to Sweden's National Agency for Education, teachers or students who have mild respiratory symptoms which might be coronavirus but which do not require taking time off sick can stay at home and revert to online education if necessary.
Photo: Fredrik Sandberg/TT
Teachers and students should stay home if they are in a risk group
Schools should also make provisions for teachers and students who are in a risk group, allowing them to teach or learn online if necessary.
Teachers should make sure that pupils are properly informed about the pandemic and the measures being taken collectively to slow down the spread of the virus, if possible including this in lessons in the relevant subjects.
Schools should also make sure that pupils who need extra help to handle the situation get support.
How to use all your parental leave in Sweden before it expires
The parents of fully 70 percent of children in Sweden fail to take all the parental leave available to them before it expires. But there are some tricks to make sure you use it all.
Published: 11 January 2022 12:14 CET Updated: 15 January 2022 10:16 CET
You could save some parental leave days to use for a long holiday – but be careful so that they don't expire. Photo: Simon Paulin/imagebank.sweden.se
“The Swedish Social Insurance Agency has decided that you will not receive child benefit for Finn from December 24th to January 8th,” read the letter that dropped into my secure digital mailbox over Christmas.
My son turned eight on December 23rd, and as he was born just a week before a new more generous policy became valid in Sweden, that marked the end of our eligibility for child leave.
And just as had happened with his elder sister, we had let his leave expire with more than a month of leave yet to claim.
It turns out, we are far from alone.
The parents of fully 72 percent of the children born in Sweden in 2010 failed to claim all of their shared 480 days of parental leave by the time they expired in 2018, according to the latest statistics from the Social Insurance Agency. On average, parents in Sweden failed to claim about a month, but 21 percent of parents had, like us, failed to claim more than 60 days.
In total, that amounted to 1.4 billion kronor ($154.4 million) in unclaimed benefits, and according to an analysis by the agency, it was those with the lowest incomes who had the most days left over.
A graph showing how many days of parental leave was not claimed for children born in 2010, divided up by (from left) low-income, mid-income and high-income families. The dark green shows days paid at 80 percent of the salary (sjukpenningnivå) and the light green the lowest-paid days (lägstanivå, 180 kronor a day). Photo: Försäkringskassan
A change in the rules since my son was born has made using your days quite a bit easier. Parents of children born after January 1st in 2014 (a week after my son), can now continue to take out leave until their children’s 12th birthday.
But be aware that all but 96 of these days expire when the child turns four, so the race is still on.
But to avoid other foreigners in Sweden suffering the same disappointment as I did, keep scrolling for some tips for how to make sure you use all that leave.
Take leave together
Swedish rules allow both parents to take leave at the same time. In the first few months, this can really take the pressure off the mother, allowing her partner to take over while she makes up for lost sleep, or takes a precious hour or so to herself.
The rules allow each couple to claim a maximum of 30 of these so-called dubbeldagar or “double days”, which taken together will use up 60 days of leave.
These days cannot be taken from the 90 reservdagar, or “reserve days”, which are tied to each parent to prevent fathers from taking out days at the same time as leaving the mother to do all the actual childcare. They also can only be taken before the child is one year old.
Claim leave for ordinary holidays
My mistake was to see parental leave as something to take only when I was off work specifically to look after my children. In fact, you can take it out any time you are not actually working: when you take time off over Christmas, Easter, during the sportlov or höstlov school holidays, or over the long Swedish summer.
“My husband takes all of the school holidays and the summers off so we can travel and all be together,” says Martha Moore in Malmö. “I’m a teacher, so I will probably give all of my days to him, since I get to be off when my kids are off anyway.”
You can even claim for days which you are also claiming as holiday from your work, or days which are public holidays in Sweden, but you can only claim parental leave for these days at the so-called lägstanivå, or base level of 180 kronor a day.
You can claim some days at the same time as the other parent. Photo: Magnus Liam Karlsson/imagebank.sweden.se
Take a very long holiday
One Australian living in Stockholm said she was off to Thailand for two and a half months this February in order to use up some of the days from her second child, which are due to expire when she turns four later in the year.
She recommends planning one long holiday to use up any of the 384 days that will expire when your child turns four, and then saving up the other 96 days for a second long holiday before they turn 12.
She is putting her eldest child into a Swedish school in Thailand while they are there, using one of the chain of Swedish schools set up in Thailand, primarily for parents holidaying on their parental leave.
She deliberately didn’t use as many days as she could have in the first 12 months, so that she and her husband could do this. “My tip is to not use many days at all paid that first 12 months, and to burn your savings instead,” she says.
As her child is more than one year old, she and her husband cannot take leave simultaneously, however, so he is using holiday time he has saved up.
Take leave before the birth
The pregnant parent can start taking parental leave and collecting benefits up to 60 days before the due date. It’s actually compulsory for the mother to take two weeks of leave in connection with the birth, which can either be before or after. New fathers or secondary caregivers can also start taking leave up to ten days before the birth.
This could be a waste of days, however, as if a difficult (or, let’s face it, even fairly normal) pregnancy makes it impossible to do your job, you can claim sickness benefits instead of parental leave, and get the same level of benefits without using up any of your 480 days.
This does not apply, however, to “normal pregnancy difficulties such as back pain and fatigue”, so to claim sickness benefits, you will have to convince your doctor to certify that you have pregnancy difficulties that are “unusually severe”.
A father carrying his child in a Baby Björn in Sweden. Photo: Melker Dahlstrand/imagebank.sweden.se
Take a chunk out to do private projects
People less good at forward planning sometimes take a chunk of leave just before their child turns four or twelve (or eight if they were born before January 1st, 2014), even if they don’t have anything planned in particular.
You can use this time to do the sort of home chores that it is so hard to find time to do once you have children.
“I had a colleague who took two months’ maternity leave when her daughter was seven years old,” says one woman in Malmö. “She took it as a vacation in the summer to fix her apartment.”
Use parental leave to work a short week
Once the child is in preschool (dagis or förskola) many people, including Moore’s husband, use parental leave to take Friday and/or Monday off work for six months or more, allowing them to spend more time with their child.
This is obviously something you have to square with your employer, but in Sweden most employers are more than willing to put employees on 80 percent.
You can either use this time to take some of the pressure off your partner during their parental leave, or to reduce the amount of time your child spends in preschool.
A parent walking their child in a pram through a snowy Stockholm. Photo: Jann Lipka/imagebank.sweden.se
Use parental leave to work short days
You don’t need to take each allotted day as a full day, you can also reduce your working day by three quarters, a half, one quarter or one eighth, and receive proportional parental benefit for the time not worked.
Parents of a child under the age of eight can reduce their working hours by up to 25 percent, whether or not they decide to take parental benefit for the remaining 25 percent.
This can be extremely helpful in making combining childcare and work a little less stressful.
Claim leave for weekends
You can claim parental leave on weekends as well as on normal weekdays, but unless you normally work on the weekend, you can only claim these at the lowest base level of 180 kronor.
Url copied to clipboard!
Please whitelist us to continue reading.
So this website can function correctly please whitelist The Local with your adblocker, antivirus software or browser add on.