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LIVING IN SWEDEN

The documents you need to prove you are a resident in Sweden

These are the documents you need if you're asked to show proof that you are a resident of Sweden.

The documents you need to prove you are a resident in Sweden
You might call Sweden home, but how can you prove it? Photo: Tina Axelsson/imagebank.sweden.se

Occasionally you may be required to prove that you are legally resident in Sweden, rather than a visitor.

Personal number

The simplest way to prove your identity is if you have a Swedish social security number, called a personnummer. This is issued to everyone who is registered in the Swedish population register, including non-citizens, and it’s a code you’ll use for everything from supermarket loyalty cards to bank accounts to contact with authorities.

To prove you have a personnummer, you can download or print out your personbevis, an extract from the population register, from Skatteverket’s website.

There are different kinds of certificates you can download depending on who you need to prove your residence to, and this can be done instantly as long as you are in the register. If you need it to be stamped and signed, you’ll have to order it to be posted to you which will take longer. 

Once you have a personnummer, you can also apply for a Swedish ID card if you choose to.

This is also done in person at Skatteverket, and requires paying a fee of 400 kronor. The process generally takes a few weeks following your appointment. 

Without a personnummer: Non-Europeans

If you move to Sweden from outside the EU, there’s a lot of official paperwork required.

Before arriving in Sweden for a stay of more than three months you will either need a permit – a visitor’s residence permit for trips of over three months, a work permit if you’re moving for work or a residence permit if you’re moving for family, studies or research. These need to be arranged before you travel to Sweden, and you’ll receive a residence permit card if you are granted a residence permit, which can then be used to show that you’re a resident of Sweden.

File photo: Fredrik Sandberg/TT

Without a personnummer: EU citizens

As an EU citizen, freedom of movement means you have the right to travel, live and work in any EU country, so it’s rare that you’d need to prove which country you’re a resident of. In most cases, your EU passport will be enough to show you have the right to live in Sweden.

But in situations where it is necessary, it is harder if you don’t have a personnummer – which may be the case if you’re very new, or don’t meet the criteria for long-term right of residence, for example if you move as a jobseeker.

If you need to show that you’re a resident of Sweden, you could use other forms of documentation, such as rental contracts, utility bills, or an employment contract.

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For members

WEATHER

How to stay cool as Sweden experiences near record summer heat

Summer is here and the temperatures on Thursday have reached peaks of 35 C in parts of Sweden. Though you might find such temperatures pleasant when lying in an all-inclusive resort on the Red Sea, it's a bit less luxurious if you are working, or at home doing chores. But don’t sweat, we've put together a guide to help you keep cool, even without the pool.

How to stay cool as Sweden experiences near record summer heat

Drink a lot of water!

No news here, water is good for you especially when it’s hot.

Make sure to bring a refillable bottle with you if you’re going out and about. The good thing is that tap water is good for drinking in Sweden and that all restaurants, cafes and pubs serve it for free, on tap. This might be a given for many, but other parts of Europe, especially the south, only sell mineral water ‘in case the tap water gives you the runs’. 

Drinking beer or an ice-cold cider sounds like a good plan but if it’s really hot, it might be best to avoid it. Or at least go for the Swedish varannan vatten (“every other one a water”) technique, which means matching a glass of water to every alcoholic drink you consume.

If you have decided to drink a glass of wine or a beer with your dinner, remember to plan in advance and put your drinks in the fridge a few hours before. Branches of Systembolaget, the state-owned alcohol shop, don’t have fridges so you will need to add ice or keep it in the fridge if you want to enjoy a cool summer drink.

The Window dilemma

Keeping the windows open generally is a good idea, especially in Sweden where air conditioning is not too common. However, if there’s no wind and the temperatures are 30C+, it might be smarter to keep the windows shut during the hottest hours of the day. 

In an office environment another advantage of choosing windows over air conditioning, beyond the environmental impact, of course, is that by changing the air you decrease the chances of catching covid-19 and other viruses. Considering the increasing infection rates across the country, especially in Stockholm, this might actually be quite advisable.

Being forced to stay indoors with a fever when the weather is beautiful, is a punishment nobody deserves.

If you live on the sixth floor of a Swedish apartment block without air conditioning you might want to consider just embracing it.

Open the window, strip off, wrap a towel around you and keep a bottle of water handy – you have your very own eco-friendly sauna. This is not an ideal situation to be in if you have to work or do house chores. On really hot days it might be good to postpone the house chores and if you need to work, a café or a coworking space could be your redemption.

Fight heat with heat 

I hear you, “why would you go to a sauna when it’s so hot in summer?”. But saunas are popular in Sweden all year round. The combination of sauna plus swimming in a fresh lake or in the ocean is what you need. Sweating in a sauna is a great way to get rid of toxins, de-stress and get away from screens and buzzing phones.

It is also great to build up your tolerance of high temperatures. In a world of global warming, the likelihood of more heatwaves in future is high. 

Swim away the sizzle

Many Swedish cities are near lakes or the sea, the big exception being Uppsala. So it’s easy to find a spot to take a dip after work or spend the whole day out. 

Siesta por favor

Take a lesson from people in Southern Europe, and take a nap in the hottest hours of the day. In countries like Italy and Spain shops in the countryside, and some traditional ones in city centres too, still shut for lunch during the hottest hours of the day.

Think about it, isn’t it better to just save energy during the peak of the heat? If you have flexibility in your work hours, or even better if you are leading a team, could starting a bit earlier in the morning and then taking a two-hour lunch break be a good fix?

In Italy, shops are open between 9:00 and 13:00 and then from 15:30 to 20:30. Maybe working late is not the best in summer but starting earlier is easy, especially now that the sun rises at 4 AM.

Fruitful advice

Eat fruit, especially summer fruits that, as well as tasting great, also have a lot of juice and sugars to keep your energy levels up and give you the boost you need to keep on going. If you have a blender, frozen fruit smoothies are perfect!

Dress light

Sweden tends to be quite informal when it comes to the dress code at the workplace. Wearing a t-shirt or a polo shirt is considered totally normal in most offices. When it comes to showing off some leg, the general opinion is that skirts are more acceptable than shorts, but it is not too uncommon to see men wearing shorts to work too.

A safe bet would be to check with your colleagues to see what the consensus is, and if it is not common yet, ask your colleagues if there are any dress code guidelines! 

Ultimately, in very high temperatures, such as when crossing the Sahara desert, people put more clothes on to keep the sun and heat away. So if you pick the right materials and wear baggy clothes even long trousers and sleeves can feel quite pleasant. 

Take it easy

The English expression “don’t sweat about it” is often used in the context of telling someone “not to stress”.

This is sound advice, especially in summer. On a hot day allow more time for moving from A to B, walk or cycle a bit more slowly than you would and if you’re running late to meet a friend, just call them and apologise.

Disclaimer: the person writing this is not Swedish and the stereotype of Swedes loving punctuality is often true. However, if you agree in advance to meet at around a certain time and then give a more detailed update when you are on your way, this could be a way to have a less sweat-full experience. 

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