How to succeed in Sweden: five tips for international residents

From the unwritten social rules to the dramatic seasonal differences, there’s a lot to adjust to when you move to Sweden.

How to succeed in Sweden: five tips for international residents
Photo: Getty Images

Here, in partnership with Stockholm University, and by drawing on some of its world class research, The Local looks at five ways you can make your new life a little easier.

New in Sweden? Take a look at Stockholm University’s information page for new arrivals, covering visas, residence permits, insurance and more

1. Get out in the sunlight to protect your health

Summer is finally here and it’s not just the warmer weather that brings a welcome change if you live in Sweden. After the darkness of winter, the long hours of daylight also mean you can spend evenings outside, topping up your vitamin D through sun exposure.

Vitamin D deficiency can leave you feeling tired, lacking in energy, and even with symptoms of depression. It has also been linked with various chronic diseases.

One 2015 study found that up to half the Swedish population may suffer from a lack of vitamin D in the winter months. More recent research involving Stockholm University’s Stress Research Institute and the Karolinska Institute found that people born outside Europe are far more likely to lack vitamin D than European-born Swedish residents.

You really do need to make the most of the Swedish summer while it lasts – just be careful not to burn!

2. Never give people a reason to gossip about you!

Around one in five residents of Sweden were born abroad. But don’t be fooled into thinking the country doesn’t have its own distinct social rules. A recent international study, led by Kimmo Eriksson at Stockholm University’s Centre for the Study of Cultural Evolution, looked at how different countries treat people who break social norms.

More than 20,000 people in 57 countries were asked how they would respond to incidents such as someone taking too much of a group resource or listening to music on headphones at a funeral.

So, how will Swedes treat you if they consider you a norm-breaker? Simple: they’ll gossip about you behind your back. Other studies have already found that gossip can be highly effective in upholding social norms.

But Swedes view physical confrontation or completely avoiding the person in question (which gain wide support in countries such as Algeria and Indonesia) as inappropriate, according to the new research.

So, now you’ve been warned: observing Swedish social rules could help ensure you aren’t the subject of gossip that might do lasting harm to your reputation.

World class research in an international environment: find out more about life at Stockholm University

Photo: Getty Images

3. Job hunting: embrace informality and cut that CV

Finding a job in Sweden proves a major challenge for many newcomers, including the partners of international people who move for work. It’s important to adjust your approach to match Swedish business culture, which is more informal than in many countries. Job applications should reflect the local culture. 

For example, you may just open an email with ‘Hej’ and the first name of the person you’re applying to, if you know it. Be sure to also keep your CV short – one page if you can, two at the most – if you want a Swedish hiring manager’s attention.

If you have solid Swedish skills, doing an application and interview in Swedish could be a real advantage. But well-written English is more likely to make a positive first impression than Swedish that’s full of errors.

Not sure where to start? Look out for mentorship programmes for newcomers, such as the City of Stockholm’s Stockholmsmentor

4. Enjoy some guilt-free weekend lie-ins 

Are you constantly tired? Well, here’s some good news. If you just can’t get enough sleep during the week, you should know that sleeping longer at the weekend to compensate is good for you!

That was the conclusion of a study by Torbjörn Åkerstedt, professor emeritus at Stockholm University’s Stress Research Institute, involving data from more than 40,000 people in Sweden. 

He says people who sleep less on weekdays but longer at weekends have lower mortality than people who sleep for either shorter or longer spells every night of the week. 

“Possibly, long weekend sleep may compensate for short weekday sleep,” says Professor Åkerstedt.

5. Just forget about small talk

Do you like talking with strangers in a queue? Or at bus stops? Besides the pandemic, you now have another reason not to bother: you live in Sweden and the locals are really not so keen on small talk.

Don’t worry, they’re friendly enough once you know them. But many Swedes just see no point in chatting with strangers. Perhaps you can spend the time you’ll save working out how to cut down your CV?

If avoiding small talk remains totally foreign to you, maybe you need to study more about Swedish society and everyday life to understand the roots of the country’s culture.

Stockholm University is one of the world’s top 100 universities: find out more about its study programmes including many in English

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Swedish opposition proposes ‘rapid tests for ADHD’ to cut gang crime

The Moderate Party in Stockholm has called for children in so called "vulnerable areas" to be given rapid tests for ADHD to increase treatment and cut gang crime.

Swedish opposition proposes 'rapid tests for ADHD' to cut gang crime

In a press release, the party proposed that treating more children in troubled city areas would help prevent gang crime, given that “people with ADHD diagnoses are “significantly over-represented in the country’s jails”. 

The idea is that children in so-called “vulnerable areas”, which in Sweden normally have a high majority of first and second-generation generation immigrants, will be given “simpler, voluntary tests”, which would screen for ADHD, with those suspected of having the neuropsychiatric disorder then put forward for proper evaluations to be given by a child psychiatrist. 

“The quicker you can put in place measures, the better the outcomes,” says Irene Svenonius, the party’s leader in the municipality, of ADHD treatment, claiming that children in Sweden with an immigrant background were less likely to be medicated for ADHD than other children in Sweden. 

In the press release, the party said that there were “significant differences in the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD within Stockholm country”, with Swedish-born children receiving diagnosis and treatment to a higher extent, and with ADHD “with the greatest probability” underdiagnosed in vulnerable areas. 

At a press conference, the party’s justice spokesman Johan Forsell, said that identifying children with ADHD in this areas would help fight gang crime. 

“We need to find these children, and that is going to help prevent crime,” he said. 

Sweden’s climate minister Annika Strandhäll accused the Moderates of wanting to “medicate away criminality”. 

Lotta Häyrynen, editor of the trade union-backed comment site Nya Mitten, pointed out that the Moderates’s claim to want to help children with neuropsychiatric diagnoses in vulnerable areas would be more credible if they had not closed down seven child and youth psychiatry units. 

The Moderate Party MP and debater Hanif Bali complained about the opposition from left-wing commentators and politicians.

“My spontaneous guess would have been that the Left would have thought it was enormously unjust that three times so many immigrant children are not getting a diagnosis or treatment compared to pure-Swedish children,” he said. “Their hate for the Right is stronger than their care for the children. 

Swedish vocab: brottsförebyggande – preventative of crime