• Sweden edition
 

ADHD common among adopted kids: study

Published: 06 Aug 2009 09:26 GMT+02:00
Updated: 06 Aug 2009 09:26 GMT+02:00

Researchers at Uppsala University and the Swedish Board of Health and Welfare have studied the incidence of medication for ADHD among children adopted from abroad and children born in Sweden.

The use of medication is much more common in the treatment of boys than girls, but even among girls, ADHD occurs more often in those adopted from abroad than those born in Sweden, reported Upsala Nya Tidning newspaper.

More than one out of every 20 boy adopted from abroad between the ages of 10 and 15 was at some point in 2006 medicated for the treatment of ADHD. Among boys of the same age born in Sweden, the occurrence was one in 70. More than one in eight boys from Eastern Europe were treated with medication for ADHD.

“The foremost explanation for this is that these children received neurological damage because their biological mothers abused drugs and alcohol during pregnancy. Substance abuse by the mother is often cited as the reason that the children were put up for adoption,” researcher and child psychologist Frank Lindblad told the newspaper.

TT/The Local (news@thelocal.se)

Your comments about this article

09:43 August 6, 2009 by Rebel
Poor kids. In my travels in Russia I have noticed tht Russian kids like to show off, are loud, sociable and outspoken. Put them in a culture like Sweden and of course they are going to stand out. Problem is, the drug culture of the USA and England, promoted by a dangerous marriage of mega-corporate capitalism and psychobablers, is coming to Sweden now. Salvation in a bottle of stimulants -- ofr all that fit the criteria of a condition that is so vague that even many Swedish kids could fall into its trap.
11:39 August 6, 2009 by A_Goner
Yeah Rebel, those sound like typical genetical traits.
16:50 August 6, 2009 by byke
I really wonder if these results are skewed due to schools looking for problem children and receiving extra cash to "help them" ?
17:10 August 6, 2009 by Tim Harrison
I disagree with the child psychologist's comments about the reason many adopted children have ADHD as well as substance abuse being the reason for adoption.

Eastern Europe is composed of so many different countries and therefore have different reasons about both the number of children with ADHD as well as the reason for a child being "put up for adoption".

The above statement from the child psychologist might be true for many old Sovietunion countries, but not for all of Eastern Europe.

For example: Bulgaria is a great example that does NOT fall into the above arguments. Many of these children are available for adoption due to that the biological parents are poor OR the biological mother is unmarried and became pregnant due to lack of funding for birth control.

ADHD occurs in many institutional children (ex. from an orphanage) due to neurological damage from lack of one-on-one care from a single or a few care givers, i.e. not always substance abuse!
17:17 August 6, 2009 by Puffin
So why would schools be more likely to seek extra cash only for children adopted by Swedish citizens from the former eastern Europe?
17:22 August 6, 2009 by Puffin
I agree with what you are saying about the institutional care.

There has also been research to show that ADHD children are more likely to be be premature - there has also been some debate about the effects of maternal preeclampsia

I also think that oxygen deprivation during delivery and birth can have an effect - many ADHD children have required special care after birth
17:28 August 6, 2009 by byke
@puffin

I dont think schools would knowingly target eastern european children.

But its very easy to spot or target immigrant children as needing extra help, and in turn help generate more cash for the schools.

1 thing I do wonder is if astma is more prevalent to children from foriegn countries when them come to sweden? as certain asthmatic drugs can cause symptoms similar to ADHD
17:34 August 6, 2009 by Puffin
But all of the children in the survey were adopted into Swedish families - you wouldn't be able to easily tell the background of a blonde, blue eyed child called Jonas Svensson who has lived in Sweden since the age of 10 months and speak fluent Swedish.

The medical review prior to a diagnosis of ADHD by a peaditrician at Habiliteringen/BUP would rule out symptoms caused for example by the use of Bricanyl
19:06 August 6, 2009 by Rebel
Oh please, I dare people here to look up some of the diagnostic criteria for ADHD. Anyone with testosterone and an active imagination and sociability will pretty much score as ADHD. These criteria read like cheap horoscopes.
23:05 August 6, 2009 by Nemesis
Years ago Sweden had Eugenics units in its universities. They have since been renamed evolutionary psychology in the universities.

As for ADHD. It is a diagnosis that allows lazy parents who can not be bothered to be good parents to drug there unparented, so out of control child. This allows the parents to have a braindead, unquestioning drone so they can go out and party and present there child as well behaved.

The drugs used for ADHD should be banned. The parents should either be parents or have there children removed if they can not rear them properly.

It is not the childrens fault. It is bad parenting being encouraged by psychologists, psychologists and pharmaceutical sales representatives.
00:30 August 7, 2009 by Puffin
So are you saying that adoptive parents are significantly "lazier" that other parenting groups? It seems to make no sense that this group woh have dedicated years of time and effort in getting approved to be adoptive parents by

- going through the long srutiny and approval process - where all aspects of their eprsonalities and parenting skills are scrutinised

- spending approx 200,000+ kronor to organise the adoption

- attended the compulsory parenting classes for adoptive parents

-tend to take longer parental leave

Why would this particular group of dedicated parents suddenly become lazy parents. All the evidence point to the exact opposite - yet it is children adopted from abroad by Swedes who are more likely to have ADHD

Personally I know that ADHD definitely does exist - have seen hyperactive special care babies that were later diagnised - however I think that there is a tendency to over diagnose in some areas.

I definitely believe that the genuine cases has to do with brain chemistry and little to do with the "lazy parenting" rehetoric - I see no logical reason that giving amphetamines (speed) would be calming to a hyperactive child if it was just a parenting issue
10:13 August 7, 2009 by Da Goat
Do not for one minute that ADHD does not exist it is real I am almost 40 and hate it well it is more ADD now not that hyper now

there is a fix i have just found out and am trying it now

look here www.fedup.com.au

funny question is why imports are more intolerant to Swedish food

OR

do adoptive parents feed adoted kids more junk food??
14:11 August 7, 2009 by Hgfree
As mercury, a known neurotoxin, has been banned from use in dental amalgam in Sweden is there an influence at hand from mercury exposure in countries where mercury fillings are still in use?
22:11 August 8, 2009 by Tim Harrison
Nemesis,

Your post is very untrue as well as hurtful for many affected people.

Before you make anymore postings, I wish you would get more education about ADHD, adoption and parenting.
00:35 August 9, 2009 by Rebel
Did anyone take any of the tests? Come on, I dare the people who fall for this ADHD thing hook, line and sinker to check out the tests themselves.
00:42 August 21, 2009 by DamnImmigrant
A REBEL COMPLETELY without a CLUE! And then along comes his EQUALLY CLUELESS NEMESIS!

People with their own agendas frequently have problems understanding facts!

It is so easy to blame the parents, but anyone with a CLUE would see the medical studies that show ADHD is an imbalance in the neural transmitters! FACT! The stimulants help rebalance them! FACT!

Surprising thing happens when an ADHD person takes speed. They calm down! VERY VISIBLY calm down! FACT! Much better impulse control and so much more - it IS a miracle drug for those affected! FACT!

Give speed to normal people and they get HYPER - NOT CALMER! Give a non-ADHD hyperactive kid speed and they will become EVEN MORE HYPER - NOT CALMER! So that blows the "nice kids because they are DRUGGED out of their minds" theory!

In Sweden, after testing, the PSYCHIATRIST is the only Doctor allowed to prescribe it. Dosage is so small, good luck trying to get high from it! Personally, I just don't get tired for 12 hours ;-)
19:15 September 28, 2009 by Satanic
Immigrant, ADHD should not be treated with drugs. Drugs should be taken for medical problems. ADHD, as described in the DSM-IV-TR, does not include a single symptom that deals with neurotransmitters (go to the library and pick it up if you don't believe me). It may be a fact that people identified as having ADHD can be tested and shown to have an imbalance of NT's, but look at the history of this wonderful NT theory. First it was serotonin, then it was another one I can't recall at the moment, and today it's dopamine. The question still remains to be answered: *WHY* are these transmitters unbalanced? And the fact of the matter is, whatever the answer, if they became that way through non-psychopharmacological interactions, then they can be treated that way as well. And the new literature has been increasingly showing that psychological treatments are at least as effective as drugs, and in some cases more effective.
Today's headlines
National
Northern Swedes wake up to September snow

Northern Swedes wake up to September snow

Summer has come to a definite end in Kiruna as residents of the northern town were greeted with a blanket of snow on Sunday morning. READ  

Elections 2014
Ex-Prime Minister: Sweden is falling apart
Former Swedish Prime Minister Göran Persson. Photo: Leo Sellén/TT

Ex-Prime Minister: Sweden is falling apart

Former Swedish Prime Minister Göran Persson has said that the election success of the Sweden Democrats is a "slap" in the face for the Stockholm establishment. READ  

National
Trio prosecuted for hate attack against Somalis
Somali nationals taking part in a demonstration against deportations in Stockholm. File photo:Björn Larsson Ask/SvD/ TT

Trio prosecuted for hate attack against Somalis

Three young men in southern Sweden suspected of attacking Somali refugees with stones and screaming "sieg heil" have been indicted on charges of racial agitation. READ  

National
Swedish airfares to get cheaper in 2015

Swedish airfares to get cheaper in 2015

Sweden is set to buck the European trend of rising air prices with fares expected to drop next year according to a new report. READ  

National
Swede's homemade submarine nets fortune
Eric Westerberg's homemade submarine Isabelle. Photo: PS.nu

Swede's homemade submarine nets fortune

A Swedish submarine enthusiast who spent over 3,500 hours making his own vessel has sold his prized possession for 705,000 kronor ($98,500) in an online auction. READ  

National
Cops reported for making 'Roma' comment

Cops reported for making 'Roma' comment

Police in northern Sweden have been reported to the Equality Ombudsman for describing a wanted suspect as having a "Roma appearance." READ  

Donald Duck and Zlatan get Swedish votes
A political career for Zlatan? Some fans seem to want to see that. Photo: Peter Dejong/TT

Donald Duck and Zlatan get Swedish votes

The Bilderberg Group, the Satanic Initiative and Adolf Hitler all received votes in Sweden’s general election, according to a list released by the country’s electoral authority. READ  

Sport
Stockholm fails bid to host Euro 2020 games
The Swedish team in action. Photo: TT

Stockholm fails bid to host Euro 2020 games

Sweden's capital has missed out on a chance to host any Euro 2020 games, with Copenhagen the only Scandinavian city among the thirteen winning locations. READ  

Vicar: God rejects fans of women priests
Antje Jackelén, Archbishop of Uppsala, is the first woman to head the Swedish church. Photo: Stig-Åke Jönsson/TT

Vicar: God rejects fans of women priests

A Swedish priest has been fired after telling his congregation that people who support female priests would be rejected by God - despite the fact that his own church is led by a woman. READ  

Analysis
Women set to dominate top post-election jobs
Margot Wallström (right) could become Stefan Löfven's new Minister of Foreign Affairs. Photo: TT

Women set to dominate top post-election jobs

Sweden could soon get a female Foreign Minister, Fredrik Reinfeldt's ousted Moderate Party is preparing for its first woman leader and the grandmother of actor Hugh Grant's son is being tipped as Parliament's next Speaker. READ  

RECEIVE OUR NEWSLETTER AND ALERTS
The 'black gold' of Sweden's west coast.
National
West Sweden prepares for the 2014 lobster premiere
Society
What's on in Sweden
Politics
How Sweden Democrats went mainstream
Politics
Scandinavia and Scotland: closer links?
Gallery
Property of the week - Eskilstuna
Blog updates

20 September

How a Frog Can Save the Environment (Stockholm in my American Heart) »

"What we do we imagine when we think of children enjoying nature? Perhaps it’s fishing, marveling at lightning bugs on a muggy July day or blowing on the wispy petals of a dandelion to make a special wish. But perhaps most iconic of the playful innocence in childhood is hopping after and trying to catch..." READ »

 

19 September

Editor’s blog (The Local Sweden) »

"Happy Friday readers! It sure has been a exciting week in Sweden, where we’re set to get a new Prime Minister after Fredrik Reinfeldt stepped down following Sunday’s elections. The Local blogged live from the key political gatherings across Stockholm. Why not re-visit the action by taking a look at our photos, tweets, videos and analysis? Since the..." READ »

 
 
 
Sponsored Article
How to start a business in Stockholm
Society
How I became a surf blogger when I moved to Sweden
Gallery
People-watching: September 13th
Society
Why is Stockholm's Södermalm so cool?
Gallery
People-watching: September 11th
Gallery
People-watching: September 13th
Politics
Five possible election outcomes
Politics
Sweden elections: How do they work?
Politics
Sweden elections: Who's who?
Gallery
Property of the week - Hornstull, Stockholm
Analysis
Five differences between the UK and Sweden
Welshman Jonny Luck is now a chef in Sweden
Society
How I opened my own restaurant in Sweden's Malmö
Sponsored Article
Stockholm tech fest: relive the magic
Gallery
People-watching September 8th
Photo: TT
Politics
Feminists fight for first seats
Politics
Immigration cut push from Sweden Democrats
Sheryl Sandberg says women have "low expectations"
Tech
Facebook exec talks women's limits in Swedish business
Politics
Left Party calls for justice and equality
Politics
Green Party wants 'better world' for kids
Lifestyle
The five best Swedish songs of the month
Sponsored Article
Introducing… Insurance in Stockholm
Sponsored Article
Graduates: Insure your income in Sweden with AEA
Latest news from The Local in Austria

More news from Austria at thelocal.at

Latest news from The Local in Switzerland

More news from Switzerland at thelocal.ch

Latest news from The Local in Germany

More news from Germany at thelocal.de

Latest news from The Local in Denmark

More news from Denmark at thelocal.dk

Latest news from The Local in Spain

More news from Spain at thelocal.es

Latest news from The Local in France

More news from France at thelocal.fr

Latest news from The Local in Italy

More news from Italy at thelocal.it

Latest news from The Local in Norway

More news from Norway at thelocal.no

867
jobs available
Swedish Down Town Consulting & Productions
Swedish Down Town Consulting & Productions is an innovative business company which provides valuable assistance with the Swedish Authorities, Swedish language practice and general communications. Call 073-100 47 81 or visit:
www.swedishdowntown.com
PSD Media
PSD Media is marketing company that offers innovative solutions for online retailers. We provide modern solutions that help increase traffic and raise conversion. Visit our site at:
http://psdmedia.se
If you want to drink, that’s your business.
If you want to stop, we can help.

Learn more about English-language Alcoholics Anonymous in Sweden. No dues. No fees. Confidentiality assured.
AA-EUROPE.ORG/SWEDEN