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Sweden's gender wage gap persists: study

Sweden's gender wage gap persists: study

Published: 07 Nov 2012 07:24 GMT+01:00
Updated: 07 Nov 2012 07:24 GMT+01:00

The wage gap between men and women persists in Sweden despite efforts to eradicate it in a country that prides itself on promoting gender equality, according to a report released on Tuesday.

"The total income in all age groups is lower for women than for men," Statistics Sweden (SCB) said in a statement on the release of its annual report on gender equality.

In 2010, the latest year for which data are available, the median income for men aged 20 and above was 35 percent higher than for women, the agency said.

Graphs show a significant gap at the beginning of working life, reaching 37 percent for 20- to 24-year-olds, before gradually narrowing until retirement (26 percent for 40- to 44-year-olds, 24 percent for 60- to 64-year-olds), after which it balloons to 40 percent for 80- to 84-year-olds.

"Women are more educated than men," SCB said, noting that this means they enter the job market later in life. Women between 20 and 64 years old currently have a 77-percent employment rate, compared to an 83-percent rate for men.

"An important factor for equality between the sexes is the possibility to combine parenting with a job," the SCB said.

"One way to measure this is to look at the amount of parental leave taken. The men's share continues to grow, but it's nevertheless women who take the greater share" with 76 percent in 2011, it said.

That ratio is down from 80 percent in 2005 and 88 percent in 2000.

Sweden's minister for European affairs, Birgitta Ohlsson, a frequent commentator on feminist issues, welcomed the report.

"More parental leave taken by men!" she wrote on social networking site Twitter.

Sweden has one of the most generous parental leave systems in the world, with 480 days that can be claimed by either parent until the child turns eight. However, one parent can only use 420 of those days, with the 60 remaining days being forfeited if they are not used by the other parent.

Another explanation for the difference in income could be that around a third of all Swedish women work part-time, compared to only one in 10 of all men, SCB said.

AFP/The Local (news@thelocal.se)

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Your comments about this article

10:45 November 7, 2012 by Grokh
fear not changing hon and han to hen will solve this /facepalm
12:43 November 7, 2012 by procrustes
I need to see the data and how it was analyzed. The article says the metric was total income. If so, that is a very misleading number. The real number, unless someone has an understanding that I'm missing, is pay per hour worked.

If total income is down because women having equal pay rates as men work less hours, then the issue is not about fairness with respect to how much a women is paid for the same job as a male.

If the issue is women can't work as many hours as they'd like, then stop framing the issue as a divisive gender equality. Address the issue for what it is, the opportunity to work is skewed towards men because of, say--parenting demands?

My point is define what equal pay means, then meaningful action can be taken. As the issue stands now, the perception is that men are using unfair advantage. I have always found that hard to believe in the case of Sweden.

Does a male nurse earn more because he's male? I doubt it.
05:27 November 8, 2012 by Frobobbles
procrustes, pay her hour in the same job is already the same in Sweden. The difference is between lifetimes and choise of occupation.
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