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IRAQ COMES TO SÖDERTÄLJE

IRAQ

Iraqi kids learn Swedish way of life

Part two of a three part series looking at the challenges posed by large scale immigration from Iraq to a relatively small Swedish town.

Iraqi kids learn Swedish way of life

As the children rush for the door at break-time at this small Swedish school, a few chatter eagerly in broken Swedish but most of the words shouted back and forth are Arabic.

The majority of the 16 children in this special transition class for newly arrived immigrants are Iraqi refugees who have fled with their families from the violence back home.

“To begin with it was hard. I didn’t know anything. But the other Iraqi students in class who arrived before me helped me out,” 13-year-old Rafi tells AFP.

But does he miss Iraq? “It’s better here,” he answers, energetically, imitating the sound of Baghdad’s all-too familiar bomb blasts.

“There were police outside our school,” he remembers.

His 14-year-old sister Sarah agrees it is nice not to worry when walking to school, but says she is sad to have left her cousins and dog behind.

Both children attend a “preparatory class” at the Ronna school, located in an immigrant neighbourhood of Södertälje, just south of Stockholm.

The special classes are aimed at making integration into Swedish society easier for recently arrived immigrant children, who after two years will be placed in “normal” Swedish classes.

There are currently some 100 newly-arrived Iraqi children attending the school out of a total of just 575 students.

Having left their shoes at the door, as is common in Sweden, Rafi, Sarah and the other children, wearing just socks or slippers, sit in small groups listening to teacher Gabriella Barson explain a text about culture shock.

The 11 Iraqi children and their five classmates from other countries, including Brazil, Russia and Germany, are eager to answer the teacher’s questions and the class soon erupts into joyous and rambunctious discussions.

“These students are very motivated,” says Barsom, a 27-year-old born to a Turkish mother and Syrian father.

Besides drilling in the school curriculum, the teachers’ main priority here is to make sure the children are well adjusted and feel safe.

“They have surely suffered a lot, but here we leave them alone and they have a chance to enjoy themselves,” school vice headmaster Lena Eriksson said, pointing out that a number of the Iraqi refugees at the school have been through traumatic experiences.

“The simple fact of going to a normal school is a type of therapy,” she

said.

Jan and Meriee, another Iraqi brother and sister, are trying to adapt to their new lives in Sweden after spending several years in Jordan after leaving their home country.

She dreams of becoming a lawyer while he wants to be a police officer.

Sweden feels safe, Jan says, pointing out that he had wanted to buy fireworks before New Years but had been turned away because he was too young.

“In Iraq, it’s no problem for anyone to buy weapons,” he says.

He fumbles for his words, but even though his friends offer to help translate from Arabic, he insists on expressing himself in heavily-accented Swedish.

The school regularly uses interpreters during lessons, and children struggling to express themselves are permitted to revert to Arabic in class.

One teacher, Sena Alkais, herself an Iraqi who arrived in Sweden six years ago, acknowledges that “I speak in Swedish but sometimes also in Arabic.”

In addition to making the children comfortable with the language the preparatory classes aim to introduce them to aspects of Swedish society they would likely miss if they never strayed from the immigrant-dense neighbourhood around the school.

Most of the students at Ronna are either immigrants themselves or born to one or two immigrant parents, most often from countries like Syria, Lebanon, Turkey and Iraq.

“Just about half of our work is to make it easy for them to go out and seek out this (Swedish) society,” explained Helena Söderblom, another teacher.

Each week the children go on field trips to places like the shopping centre or the train station and are given assignments like asking for directions in Swedish.

“Last week, a group of (Iraqi) boys decided they would just speak Swedish with each other. These kinds of initiatives are really wonderful,” says Söderblom.

Today, Rafi, Sarah, Jan, Meriee and their classmates are heading off to discover the Södertälje library.

“We work in a different way. It’s really fun,” Barson says.

AFP’s Sophie Mongalvy

SECURITY

Lund professor freed student from Islamic State war zone

A chemistry professor at Lund University dispatched a team of mercenaries into an Islamic State (also known as IS, Isis or Daesh) war zone to free one of her doctoral students and his family.

Lund professor freed student from Islamic State war zone
Kurdish pershmerga fighters during the battle to retake the Yazidi homeland Mount Sinjar in 2015. File photo: Bram Jansse/AP/TT
Charlotta Turner, professor in Analytical Chemistry, received a text message from her student Firas Jumaah in 2014 telling her to to assume he would not finish his thesis if he had not returned within a week. 
 
He and his family were, he told her, hiding out in a disused bleach factory, with the sounds of gunshots from Isis warriors roaming the town reverberating around them. Jumaah, who is from Iraq, is a member of the ethno-religious group Yazidi hated by Isis. 
 
“I had no hope then at all,” Jumaah told Lund's University Magazine LUM. “I was desperate. I just wanted to tell my supervisor what was happening. I had no idea that a professor would be able to do anything for us.” 
 
Jumaah had voluntarily entered the war zone after his wife had rung him to say that Isis fighters had taken over the next-door village, killing all the men and taking the women into slavery.
 
“My wife was totally panicking. Everyone was shocked at how IS were behaving,” he said. “I took the first plane there to be with them. What sort of life would I have if anything had happened to them there?”
 
But Turner was not willing to leave her student to die without trying to do something. 
 
“What was happening was completely unacceptable,” she told LUM. “I got so angry that IS was pushing itself into our world, exposing my doctoral student and his family to this, and disrupting the research.” 
 
She contacted the university's then security chief Per Gustafson.  
 
“It was almost as if he'd been waiting for this kind of mission,” Turner said. “Per Gustafson said that we had a transport and security deal which stretched over the whole world.” 
 
Over a few days of intense activity, Gustafson hired a security company which then arranged the rescue operation. 
 
A few days later two Landcruisers carrying four heavily-armed mercenaries roared into the area where Jumaah was hiding, and sped him away to Erbil Airport together with his wife and two small children. 
 
“I have never felt so privileged, so VIP,” Jumaah told LUM. “But at the same time I felt like a coward as I left my mother and sisters behind me.” 
 
Firas Jumaah and his former PHD supervisor Charlotta Turner. Photo: Kennet Ruona
 
Luckily the rest of his family survived Isis occupation, while Jumaah back in Sweden completed his PhD and now works for a pharmaceuticals company in Malmö. The family has almost finished paying the university back for the rescue operation.
 
“It was a unique event. As far as I know no other university has ever been involved in anything like it,” Gustafson said. 
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